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 mkdir(1)                                                           mkdir(1)

 NAME    [Toc]    [Back]
      mkdir - make a directory

 SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]
      mkdir [-p] [-m mode] dirname ...

 DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]
      mkdir creates specified directories in mode 0777 (possibly altered by
      umask unless specified otherwise by a -m mode option (see umask(1)).
      Standard entries, . (for the directory itself) and .. (for its parent)
      are created automatically.  If dirname already exists, mkdir exits
      with a diagnostic message, and the directory is not changed.

    Options    [Toc]    [Back]
      mkdir recognizes the following command-line options:

           -m mode     After creating the directory as specified, the file
                       permissions are set to mode, which is a symbolic mode
                       string as defined for chmod (see chmod(1)).  The -m
                       has precedence over umask(1).

           -p          Intermediate directories are created as necessary.
                       Otherwise, the full path prefix of dirname must
                       already exist.  mkdir requires write permission in
                       the parent directory.

                       For each directory name in the pathname prefix of the
                       dirname argument that is not the name of an existing
                       directory, the specified directory is created using
                       the current umask setting, except that the equivalent
                       of chmod u+wx is done on each component to ensure
                       that mkdir can create lower directories regardless of
                       the setting of umask.  Each directory name in the
                       pathname prefix of the dirname argument that matches
                       an existing directory is ignored without error.  If
                       an intermediate path component exists, but has
                       permissions set to prevent writing or searching,
                       mkdir fails with an error message.

                       If the -m option is used, the directory specified by
                       dirname (excluding directories in the pathname
                       prefix) is created with the permissions specified by

      Only LINK_MAX subdirectories can be created (see limits(5)).

    Access Control Lists - JFS File Systems Only    [Toc]    [Back]
      If the parent directory has an access control list (ACL, see aclv(5)),
      and that ACL contains default entries, an ACL is created for the new
      directory, and the parent directory's default entries are applied to
      the new directory's ACL, both as regular entries and as default

 Hewlett-Packard Company            - 1 -   HP-UX 11i Version 2: August 2003

 mkdir(1)                                                           mkdir(1)


    Environment Variables
      LANG provides a default value for the internationalization variables
      that are unset or null. If LANG is unset or null, the default value of
      "C" (see lang(5)) is used. If any of the internationalization
      variables contains an invalid setting, mkdir will behave as if all
      internationalization variables are set to "C".  See environ(5).

      LC_ALL If set to a non-empty string value, overrides the values of all
      the other internationalization variables.

      LC_CTYPE determines the interpretation of text as single and/or
      multi-byte characters, the classification of characters as printable,
      and the characters matched by character class expressions in regular

      LC_MESSAGES determines the locale that should be used to affect the
      format and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error
      and informative messages written to standard output.

      NLSPATH determines the location of message catalogues for the
      processing of LC_MESSAGES.

    International Code Set Support    [Toc]    [Back]
      Single- and multi-byte character code sets are supported.

 DIAGNOSTICS    [Toc]    [Back]
      mkdir returns exit code 0 if all directories were created
      successfully.  Otherwise, it prints a diagnostic and returns non-zero.

      mkdir returns exit code 0 if the -p option was specified, and all the
      specified directories now exist. If any of the intermediate
      directories do not have search or write permission (with the -p
      option), mkdir prints a diagnostic and returns non-zero.

 EXAMPLES    [Toc]    [Back]
      Create directory gem beneath existing directory raw in the current

           mkdir raw/gem

      Create directory path raw/gem/diamond underneath the current directory
      and set permissions on directory diamond to read-only for all users

           mkdir -p -m "a=r" raw/gem/diamond

      which is equivalent to (see chmod(1)):

 Hewlett-Packard Company            - 2 -   HP-UX 11i Version 2: August 2003

 mkdir(1)                                                           mkdir(1)

           mkdir -p -m 444 raw/gem/diamond

      If directories raw or raw and gem already exist, only the missing
      directories in the specified path are created.

 SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]
      rm(1), setacl(1), sh(1), umask(1), aclv(5).

      mkdir: SVID2, SVID3, XPG2, XPG3, XPG4, POSIX.2

 Hewlett-Packard Company            - 3 -   HP-UX 11i Version 2: August 2003
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