vipw - edit the password file
vipw edits the password file after setting the appropriate
does any necessary processing after the password file is unlocked. If
the password file is already locked for editing by another
will ask you to try again later. The default editor for
vipw is vi(1).
vipw performs a number of consistency checks on the password
will not allow a password file with a ``mangled'' entry to
If vipw rejects the new password file, the user is prompted
the edit session.
Once the information has been verified, vipw uses
pwd_mkdb(8) to update
the user database. This is run in the background, and, at
sites could take several minutes. Until this update is completed, the
password file is unavailable for other updates and the new
not available to programs.
Which type of cipher is used to encrypt the password information depends
on the configuration in login.conf(5).
If the following environment variable exists it will be utilized by vipw:
EDITOR The editor specified by the string EDITOR will be
of the default editor vi(1).
chpass(1), passwd(1), login.conf(5), passwd(5), adduser(8),
The vipw command appeared in 4.0BSD.
OpenBSD 3.6 June 6, 1993
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