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FM(1)									 FM(1)

NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     fm, iconview - graphical interface	to file	systems	and URLs (IRIX
     Interactive Desktop)

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     /usr/sbin/fm [-bADph] [-v viewOpts] pathname or URL
     /usr/sbin/fm -o oldPath newPath

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     The IRIX Interactive Desktop file manager,	fm, is a safe, easy, and
     attractive	alternative to the IRIX	shell for running applications and
     organizing	information.  Its deceptively simple user interface spares the
     user from many subtle and not-so-subtle pitfalls of working in raw	IRIX

     fm	presents a graphical interface to manipulate the contents of a
     directory or URL.	The icons on the background and	the windows showing
     icons of directories or URL sites comprise	the fm application.  If	fm is
     launched and an fm	window is already open to that location, its window
     will be raised.  Otherwise, a new fm window will be started which will
     open the directory	or URL specified as the	pathname argument.  The	fm
     will present icons	of the items contained in that directory or URL.
     These icons can be	moved, copied, opened, and manipulated in other	ways.

     fm	accepts	the following options.

     -b	     Display icons on the background.

     -A	     "Autoselect", opens a window for the parent of pathname and
	     selects pathname.

     -D	     Opens a new window	for pathname in	a separate process, even if an
	     open window already exists.

     -p	     Pre-loads pathname	into the finder	text dialog.

     -h	     Pre-loads the name	of the autofs(1M) root for the -hosts map.

     -v	viewOpts
	     Sets the initial viewing style.  Valid arguments are:

     -o	oldPath	newPath
	     If	an fm is found which is	viewing	oldPath, it will be changed to
	     view newPath.  Otherwise, a new fm	window will be opened onto

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FM(1)									 FM(1)

     Pathname may be a IRIX pathname or	an URL.	 Currently recognized URL
     schemes are http://, ftp://, and file://.	If an URL requires
     authentication, such as ftp, the user will	be prompted for	such.

     By	default, fm is launched	with the -b option at login.

     An	example	of using  -v option is

	  fm -v	view=list -v content=on	-v contentheight=500.

     This will launch fm in View as List mode, with contentviewer on, and the
     contentviewer height set to 500. These options will override any
     corresponding parameters saved out	from the last time the location	was

     If	you wish to login to your system without the file manager running by
     default and without icons on the background, create an empty file in your
     home directory called .desktop-<hostname>/nodesktop.

     To	turn off the default running of	fm at login for	all users of your
     system, run /etc/chkconfig	desktop	off at the IRIX	command	line. Root
     privilege is required to do this.	This will have two additional effects:
     the toolchest contents will change, and the non-Desktop
     /usr/lib/X11/xdm/Xsession file will be used instead of
     /usr/lib/X11/xdm/Xsession.dt at the start of a login session.

     The file manager maintains	a log of all recent file system	transactions
     it	makes.	(Other icon-based applications that manipulate the file	system
     will write	there too.)  The log is	stored in $HOME/.desktop-
     <hostname>/log, and is renamed to $HOME/.desktop-<hostname>/log.bak when
     it	gets large.  This log, although	somewhat cryptic, may be useful	in
     determining what has happened to files if you are not sure	where you
     placed them.  By default, the two logs will be a maximum of 100KB in
     length; if	you are	short on disk space, it	is possible to shrink or
     disable the log by	adding the line
	 *desktopLogSize: <size>
     to	your .Xdefaults	or .Xresources file, where <size> is the maximum size
     in	bytes of the log (including the	backup copy).  <size> is set to	0, by
     default. This disables the	log.  The log may be a useful tool to recover
     lost files.

     By	default, fm does not hang when accessing files from down nfs servers.
     This allows the desktop to	stay responsive	even when a file server	is
     unavailable.  If this feature causes problems in your environment,	it can
     be	disabled by adding the line
	 *useNoHang: False
     to	your .Xdefaults	or .Xresources file.

     Icons that	are displayed on the background	are normally stored in the
     directory $HOME/Desktop.  This can	be changed by setting the environment
     variable SGI_DESKTOP_DIRECTORY in your .cshrc or .profile file to point
     to	the directory to be used for background	icons.	You will need to log

									Page 2

FM(1)									 FM(1)

     out and log back in again in order	for this change	to take	effect.

     For more information about	the entire IRIX	Interactive Desktop
     environment, see the IID(1) man page.

CAVEATS    [Toc]    [Back]

     fm	will refuse to start if	it is unable to	connect	to the file alteration
     monitor (fam).  In	that case, there is probably a problem with the	NIS
     server.  See ypserv(1M).

     If	your NIS (YP) server is	running	on a workstation from another vendor,
     it	will need the following	entry in its rpc(4) program number database.
     On	SGI machines, this entry is stored in /etc/rpc.

	 sgi_fam 391002

     The file manager automatically maintains a	cache of known ftr filetypes
     in	the directory $HOME/.desktop-<hostname>/TypeCache.  Stale entries in
     this cache	can be removed using the cleanCache(1) command.

     The main fm process is used to display icons on the background as well as
     all directory view	windows	that were not launched with the	"-D" option.
     Iconviews of web sites run	as separate processes so that the memory they
     use can be	reclaimed once they are	closed.	 Note that iconviews of	web
     sites run in the main fm process if an URL	is typed into a	directory view


SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     dirview(1), iconcatalog(1), searchbook(1),	fam(1),	ftr(1),	iconsmith(1G),
     isSuper(1), launch(1), routeprint(1), tag(1), winterm(1), telldesktop(1),
     IID(1), automount(1M), autofs(1M),	cleanCache(1), typeCache(1),

									PPPPaaaaggggeeee 3333
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