NAME [Toc] [Back]
locale - get locale-specific (NLS) information
SYNOPSIS [Toc] [Back]
locale [ -a [ 32 | 64 ] | -A | -m ]
locale [ -ck ] name ...
locale [ -pa32 ] [ -pa64 ]
DESCRIPTION [Toc] [Back]
The locale command displays information about the current locale or
about available locales.
When invoked without arguments, locale displays the name and actual or
implied value of each of the locale-related environment variables in
the order shown below, one per line:
LANG [Toc] [Back]
An actual value is the value the variable actually has in the user's
environment. An implied value is derived from the value of another
variable. Implied values are displayed enclosed in double quotes,
while actual values are unquoted.
The determination of implied values is that if the variable LC_ALL is
present and has a non-null value, that is the actual value for LC_ALL,
and all of the other variables take its value as an implied value. If
LC_ALL is not set, all of the LC_* variables that are set are shown
with their value as an actual value. Any that have no value are shown
with the value of the LANG environment variable as their implied
value. LC_ALL is displayed as LC_ALL=\n if it has no value.
The locale command can take multiple arguments, which may be locale
category names, locale keywords, or the special word charmap (see
localedef(1M) for a description of locale keywords and charmaps). If
an argument is a keyword, the value associated with that keyword in
the current environment is displayed and possibly other information,
depending on selected options. If an argument is a category name
(i.e., LC_*), the values of all keywords defined in that category are
displayed. If an argument is the special word charmap, the charmap
file (if any) that was used in the definition of the current locale is
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Non-printable characters are printed as hexadecimal values in the
except that if a different escape character has been defined for the
locale, it is displayed instead of the "\".
Options [Toc] [Back]
The following options are available:
-a List all available locales. These are the possible
meaningful values that can be assigned to LANG or any
of the LC_* variables on the system. They are
dependent upon which locales have been installed on the
system. By default on a PA-RISC system, the locales in
/usr/lib/nls/loc/locales are listed. By default on an
Itanium(R)-based system, the locales in
/usr/lib/nls/loc/hpux32/locales are listed. This
option takes 32 (for ILP32, 32-bit int, long, pointer,
32-bit offset) or 64 (for LP64, 64-bit long, pointer,
64-bit offset) as its argument.
-a Display 32-bit locales for PA-RISC and
-a 32 Display 32-bit locales for PA-RISC and
-a 64 Display only 64-bit locales on 64-bit
systems. If executed on a 32-bit system, an
error message is returned.
-A List Itanium-based system 32-bit locales, Itanium-based
system 64-bit locales, PA-RISC 32-bit locales and PARISC
64-bit locales available on the system.
-m Display a list of available charmap files on the
system. See localedef(1M) for a definition of charmap
files and their usage.
-c Display names of locale categories that have been
selected either explicitly or by giving a keyword
contained therein. This option may be used with the -k
-k Display names of keywords that have been selected
either explicitly or by providing their containing
category as an argument. Keyword names and values are
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Without the -k option, only the values are displayed.
This option can be used with the -c option.
-pa32 Display 32-bit PA-RISC locales. (Option available only
on Itanium-based systems.)
-pa64 Display 64-bit PA-RISC locales. (Option available only
on Itanium-based systems.)
name Specify the locale category name, locale keyword, or
the special word charmap.
EXTERNAL INFLUENCES [Toc] [Back]
LANG provides a default value for the internationalization variables
that are unset or null. If LANG is unset or null, the default value of
"C" (see lang(5)) is used. If any of the internationalization
variables contains an invalid setting, locale will behave as if all
internationalization variables are set to "C". See environ(5).
LC_ALL, when set to a non-empty string value, overrides the values of
all other internationalization variables.
LC_CTYPE determines the interpretation of text as single and/or
multi-byte characters, the classification of characters as printable,
and the characters matched by character class expressions in regular
LC_MESSAGES determines the locale that should be used to affect the
format and content of diagnostic messages written to standard error,
and informative messages written to standard output.
NLSPATH determines the location of message catalog for the processing
International Code Set Support [Toc] [Back]
Single- and multi-byte character code sets are supported.
RETURN VALUE [Toc] [Back]
The locale command exits with one of the following values:
0 All requested information was found and displayed
>0 An error occurred in either finding or displaying the
EXAMPLES [Toc] [Back]
If the locale environment variables are set as:
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gives the following output:
LC_ALL=POSIX locale -ck decimal_point
If LANG is set to POSIX and no other locale variables are set, the
which correspond to the keywords decimal_point, thousands_sep,
grouping, and alt_digit.
SEE ALSO [Toc] [Back]
localedef(1M), localeconv(3C), nl_langinfo(3C), setlocale(3C),
charmap(4), localedef(4), environ(5), lang(5).
STANDARDS CONFORMANCE [Toc] [Back]
locale: XPG4, POSIX.2
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