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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

       insight_manager  -  Web-based device status and configuration

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

       Insight Manager is a Web-based utility that enables you to
       look  across  a  heterogeneous  computing  environment and
       access information about any device connected to the  network.
 Devices can be computer systems, networked printers,
       or network components such  as  routers.  You  can  obtain
       information  about  the configuration of systems and their
       components or peripherals and, in some cases, perform certain
  administrative tasks such as asset management, asset
       security, work load management, and event management.

       Web-based enterprise management (WBEM) protocols are  able
       to  communicate among the following operating environments
       in addition to Tru64 UNIX: OpenVMS,  IBM  OS/2,  Microsoft
       Windows  2000(TM), Windows NT(TM), Windows 98(TM), Windows
       95(TM), Novell NetWare, SCO OpenServer Release 5, and  SCO
       UnixWare 7.

       Insight  Manager  features  are  fully implemented in some
       operating environments, but are  not  yet  implemented  in
       others.  This means that you can use many features on Windows
 NT(TM) systems, but you cannot use  certain  features
       on  Tru64  UNIX.   On a Tru64 UNIX system, you can use the
       Management Agents to monitor devices, but you must  invoke
       the SysMan Menu or SysMan Station to perform configuration
       tasks. Insight Manager provides a consistent  wrapper  for
       SysMan,  enabling  you  to manage supported systems from a
       web browser.

       Insight Manager XE is a  software  console  that  provides
       full  administrative  services  for  Windows  NT.  It is a
       server that can communicate  with  other  devices  in  the
       local  area  network  or  domain  that  run the Management
       Agents (daemons).

       A device must have an operating environment that is recognized
  by  Insight  Manager  to be able to manage it using
       WBEM. Such an operating environment must be able to communicate
  device  information  to  the  WBEM network, and to
       receive and execute instructions sent from  other  (authorized)
 devices in the WBEM network.

       The  operating environments must be able to run Management
       Agents, which communicate with each other using a standard
       protocol.  Devices, and their operating environments, provide
 information about hardware and software status  using
       a  data model, such as a Management Information Base (MIB)
       and Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP).  These  can
       be  thought  of  as a database of objects, with attributes
       and values, representing the manageable  components  of  a

       You  can configure a system to participate in auto-discovery,
 which allows any Management  Agent  to  discover  any
       other  Management  Agent in the local network domain. This
       feature is turned off by default. The system with the lowest
  numerical  value for its IP address is the master for
       the subnet.

   Configuration    [Toc]    [Back]
       The Management agents (daemons) are configured by  default
       when  you  install  the  operating  system and are started
       automatically when the system boots.  The Web and  threshold
  agents are initialized during transition to run level
       3;   the   initialization    script    is    located    in
       /sbin/rc3.d/S50insightd.       This       script      runs
       /usr/sbin/insightd, /usr/sbin/sysman_hmmod, /usr/sbin/config_hmmod,
  and /usr/sbin/cpqthresh_mib and prints a boottime
 message at the console when the agent is started successfully.

       The      SNMP      subagents     /usr/sbin/os_mibs     and
       /usr/sbin/cpq_mibs also are invoked during  transition  to
       run  level  3  and are invoked by the /sbin/rc.3d/S49snmpd
       script.  To test that the system is  properly  configured,
       enter the following commands:

       # ps agx | grep insight

       487 ??       S        0:35.63 /usr/sbin/insightd

       500 ??       S        0:35.63 /usr/sbin/sysman_hmmod

       501 ??       S        0:35.63 /usr/sbin/config_hmmod

       # ps agx | grep cpq

       560 ??       S        0:00.36 /usr/sbin/cpq_mibs

       583 ??       S        0:35.63 /usr/sbin/cpqthresh_mib

       # ps agx | grep os_mibs

       552 ??       S        0:00.36 /usr/sbin/os_mibs

       You  can  disable the Management Web Agent through the Set
       Up Insight Manager system management task,  which  can  be
       launched  through  the  SysMan Menu or the SysMan Station.
       See sysman(8) for more information.

       You should configure the password settings for the Insight
       Manager  administration account when you first use it. The
       procedure is described in the section  of  this  reference
       page titled "Account Login home page."

       See  the  Best  Practice document titled "Configuring SNMP
       for Threshhold Set and Trap Operations  for  Insight  Manager"
  on the Tru64 UNIX documentation web site for information
 on configuring SNMP so that the  administrator  can
       set thresholds.

   Browser Requirements    [Toc]    [Back]
       The  minimum  browser  requirements  include  support  for
       tables, frames, Java, JavaScript, and the Java Development
       Kit  (JDK)  1.1. Additional browsers, or the browsers mentioned,
 used with different operating systems, may or  may
       not  work  correctly, depending upon their specific implementations
 of the required browser technologies.

       The requirements are  TCP/IP  and  one  of  the  following

       For client systems running              Browser Requirements
       Tru64 UNIX Version 4.0F or higher       Netscape Communicator 4.5 or higher
       Tru64  UNIX  3.2C through 4.0E inclu-   Netscape   Communicator   4.06   or
       sive                                    higher
       Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows NT   Microsoft Internet Explorer version
       3.51/4.0                                4.72.2106.8  or  higher or Netscape
                                               Communicator 4.04 or higher

       You must turn on the following options so that the Management
  Agents  work properly: Enable Java Enable JavaScript
       Accept all cookies or

              Accept cookies originating from the same server  as
              the page being viewed

   Configuring the Java Plug-in for Netscape    [Toc]    [Back]
       You  must  install  the  Java plug-in to invoke the SysMan
       Menu or SysMan Station as Java applets using Netscape.  If
       you  attempt  to  run an applet such as SysMan Menu before
       installing the Java plug-in, the browser opens a  new  web
       page  in a separate window but is not able to complete the
       operation. Close the new window.

       The Java plug-in shipped  with  the  operating  system  is
       designed  to  work  only  with Netscape on this release of
       Tru64 UNIX. If you are using Netscape on another platform,
       other  Java plug-ins might be available for the user environment
 of  your  choice.  See  the  home  page  for  your
       browser.  Only  the  Netscape browser is identified as the
       supported browser and has been tested for this release.

       The procedure to install the Java plug-in is described  in
       detail  in  the  web  page  at  /usr/share/sysman/web/plugin.html,
 which is displayed automatically when you  first
       attempt  to  use  the Java applets.  Print the page as you
       will need to restart your browser during the  installation
       and configuration of the plug-in.

   Using Insight Manager    [Toc]    [Back]
       You  may connect to the Management Agents of any system in
       the local network domain that is  running  the  Management

       Connect  your  web browser to port 2301 on any such system
       in the local area network as follows:


       You also can specify the TCP/IP  address  in  place  of  a
       fully qualified host name, as in the following example.


       Connecting  your  web  browser  to  port 2301 launches the
       Device Home Page of the specified system.

   Device Home Page    [Toc]    [Back]
       Successfully connecting to port  2301  displays  the  Webbased
  Management  Device  Home  Page.  This page provides
       links to available  Web-enabled  services  as  well  as  a
       Refresh  link  that  reloads the The Device Home page. The
       Device Home page, and the links from  it  will  differ  in
       content  from the home page on other systems, such as a PC
       running Windows NT.

       Anonymous access  to  Web-enabled  services  is  available
       without  logging  in when the Device Home Page is launched
       for the first time. To log in as a different user,  select
       the Anonymous link.

       The  Web-enabled  services  available from the Device Home
       Page include: Management Agents Home Page Access Home Page
       Tru64  UNIX  Configuration  Report  Tru64 UNIX SysMan WBEM
       Login Home Page WBEM Device Options Home Page WBEM  Active
       Devices home page

       Each  of  these  web  pages are described in the following

       Online help is available for  any  Management  Agents  web
       page; select the question mark (?) icon to invoke it. This
       icon is a question mark in a triangle, located at the  top
       of the page.

   Management Agents Home Page    [Toc]    [Back]
       The  Management  Agents page provides detailed information
       on the status of a device, its operating system,  and  any
       device  subcomponents that can be seen by the Insight Manager
 agent. If the device is a  computer,  a  subcomponent
       can  be  a  mass  storage peripheral, such as a hard disk.
       This web page is divided  into  three  frames:  The  Title
       frame contains a legend of color-coded icons that describe
       the device and component status and  the  following  links
       that  can  be  selected to display more information in the
       Summary (main)  page:  Invokes  the  web-based  help  page
       Returns  to the Summary (main) frame Returns to the Device
       Home page Enables you to  configure  the  presentation  of
       device  data,  and set values such as the refresh interval
       The Navigation Frame, located below the Title Frame on the
       left  side of the browser window, lists all of the subsystems
 with components that are available for  this  device.
       The content of this frame is dependent on what data can be
       provided by the device to Management Agents. Typical  contents
  for  a device that is part of a computer system are
       as follows: Provides links to information  on  the  system
       type,  the  main CPU board, and the operating system software.
  Provides links to information on the  disk  devices
       and  current allocations of disk space in use by file systems.
  Also included is information on device controllers,
       such  as  SCSI  controllers.   If  you  select a SCSI controller,
 you can display the buses and  any  disk  devices
       connected  to a bus. In turn, you can select an individual
       disk, tape, and CD-ROM, and  display  properties  of  that
       device.   Provides  links  to  information  on the network
       interfaces and any other  communications  interfaces  that
       are  configured,  such as a serial line interface. You can
       obtain information about the device, such  as  its  device
       type,  physical address, settings, and network statistics.
       Provides links to information on the CPU utilization  with
       aggregate  load  for  the  past  1, 5, 30, and 60 minutes.
       Provides links to information on environmental  conditions
       such as the status of the environmental monitoring subsystem
 (if configured on the host), including  power  supply,
       system  temperature,  and fan status. You also can display
       the log of start-up messages that was saved when the  system
 was last booted.  The Summary frame is the main frame.
       The information for any links selected  in  the  preceding
       frames  will  be displayed here. When you first access the
       Management Agents page, this  frame  contains  information
       that  enables  you  to identify the device type and model,
       its physical and network locations, and its  general  status.
  Use  the Summary link in the Management Agents frame
       to display this default information.

              Use the question mark (?) icon in the frame's  banner
  heading  to  access the Management Agents webbased
 documentation to provide you with more information
 on all the Insight Manager pages.

   Tru64 UNIX Configuration Report Home Page    [Toc]    [Back]
       On Tru64 UNIX systems, the configuration report is created
       by the sys_check utility, which provides a  system  census
       report  for  the local host. If a report has not been created,
 you can choose to launch the utility  and  create  a
       first  report. Note that the report can take up to an hour
       to generate, and may affect system performance.

       If an existing report is found, the  Configuration  Report
       page  is  displayed  and  you  can browse its content. The
       report is useful for detecting  system  configuration  and
       tuning  problems,  log  file  and event file settings, and
       general configuration information. This report is also  of
       use  when  troubleshooting system problems and can be used
       with the Management Agents Home Page to resolve such  system

       See System Administration for information on the sys_check
       utility, including information on how to  set  up  a  cron
       task  to  create  regularly updated system census reports.
       See sys_check(8) and cron(8) for more information.

   Tru64 UNIX SysMan Home Page    [Toc]    [Back]
       This provides links to the SysMan Menu and SysMan  Station
       for managing Tru64 UNIX systems.

       You  can  opt to launch the SysMan Menu or the SysMan Station.
  When using Netscape, you need the Java  plug-in  as
       described in the Browser Requirements section of this reference

       You are prompted for the name and password  of  an  authorized
  account.  Because the SysMan suite is run as a Java
       applet, you cannot close or otherwise use  the  associated
       browser window. If you attempt to do this, the Java applet
       also will be closed.

       You also can run any SysMan task  from  any  networked  PC
       using  a  browser  without  the need to install the SysMan
       Menu and the SysMan Station client PC software.

   Access Home Page    [Toc]    [Back]
       The Access home page provides links to related  web  pages
       including the home page.

       You  can  access this page by selecting the Web-Based Management
 banner at the top of the Device home page.

   WBEM Login Home Page    [Toc]    [Back]
       You can log in using one of three provided accounts (User,
       Operator,  or  Administrator) and their default passwords.
       For more information, see the section titled "Security" in
       the web based help.

       To chang the default passwords, select the changed link in
       the following sentence, located on the right side  of  the
       WBEM  Login  Home  Page.  The Password for a login account
       may be changed at any time by an Account Administrator.

       See the following description of the Configuration Options
       Home Page for important information on anonymous access.

   WEBM Device Options Home Page    [Toc]    [Back]
       This  web  page  contains  options  that can be set by the
       administrator to control access to  Insight  Manager.  The
       options  are:  Enabling  this  option allows nonprivileged
       users to view devices and  device  data.  This  option  is
       turned  on  in  the default configuration. Use this option
       with care. Even restricted view-only access to  your  computing
  environment  might  not  be  acceptable because it
       reveals  the  names  and  network  addresses  of  systems.
       Enabling  this  option  allows any user with access to the
       local console to perform administrative tasks. This option
       should  be selected with care due to the security implications.
  This  option  is  turned  off  by  default.   When
       enabled,  this  option deletes automatically user directories
 that have not been accessed for a specified number of
       days.  This  option  is  turned  on  and set to 30 days by
       default.  When enabled, the local server  participates  in
       auto-discovery of any local hosts running the Insight Manager
 agent.  Enter a time in minutes to control  the  frequency
 of auto-discovery updates.  Use this option to prevent
 auto-discovery of inappropriate systems. This  option
       is  turned off by default.  When enabled, the local server
       participates in auto-discovery as a potential master node.
       Use  this  option  to  prevent  inappropriate systems from
       becoming the master device in a WBEM network. This  option
       is turned off by default.

       You  can  access this web page by selecting the text link,
       Options, on the Device Home Page.

   WEBM Active Devices home page    [Toc]    [Back]
       This web page lists all devices found in  the  local  WBEM
       network  when  HTTP  auto discovery is enabled in the WEBM
       Device Options home page, including the Insight Manager XE
       Servers  known  to  the system as well as devices that the
       system has detected on the network.

       You can access any of the listed systems by selecting  the
       corresponding  link. The system's device home page is displayed
 in the browser.

       You can access this web page by selecting the  text  link,
       Devices, on the Device Home Page.

   Devices    [Toc]    [Back]
       Two  devices have special status on the web-based network:
       The Windows NT server that is running  the  XE  management
       console.   This system must be configured with the Insight
       Manager XE software, and will enable many  of  the  remote
       administrative  services. The XE server has a port address
       of :280, and you connect to this server from your  browser
       by specifying the URL as follows:


              Note that a Insight Manager XE server is not necessary
 for peer-to-peer administration of Tru64  UNIX
              systems;  you  can  view  system status and perform
              administrative tasks using the SysMan Menu and  the
              SysMan  Station in such an environment.  The master
              device, which polls all other available devices for
              their  status  and  data,  stores  it  in  a master
              record, and makes the master  record  available  to
              any  other  device.  This  device is always the one
              with the lowest local TCP/IP  network  address  (in
              the format 110.222.333.110). An important consideration
 here is that you must assign this number to a
              system  that  is capable of handling the WBEM traffic.
 If the device with the lowest  TCP/IP  address
              becomes unavailable for any reason, the device with
              the next lowest TCP/IP address becomes the  master.
              All other devices are slaves.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

       Commands: cron(8), smsd(8), sys_check(8), sysman(8)

       Others: netscape(1)

       Management  Agents  for AlphaServers for Tru64 UNIX Reference

       Installation Guide

       System Administration

       Best Practice: Updating the Management  Agents  for  Tru64
       UNIX from the Management CD

       Best  Practice:  Configuring  SNMP  for Threshhold Set and
       Trap Operations for Insight Manager


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