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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

       alex - extract addresses from message headers (only available
 within the message handling system, mh)

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

       alex [+folder] [msgs] [options]

OPTIONS    [Toc]    [Back]

       Accepts an address that you type in, rather than taking an
       address from a message. If any -field option is specified,
       it is ignored.  Specifies the name of the alias  file,  in
       which  aliases are placed. You must provide a file name or
       a dash (-) as an argument with this option.  There  is  no
       default value. If the value given for this option is -, or
       the option is not specified, alex will print the output to
       your screen.  If you do not give the full pathname of your
       alias file, alex will look for the alias file in your Mail
       directory, as specified in the Path field of your file. If
       alex cannot locate the alias file in  the  directory  that
       you  specify,  it  will ask you whether or not you wish to
       create one.

              You can set up an alias file to be used by alex  in
              your  mh_profile(4)  for  more  information.   Like
              other mail commands, alex uses the Aliasfile  entry
              to find the alias file.  Prevents any repetition of
              the same address in the output of an alex  command.
              You  can  use  this  option when there are multiple
              occurrences of an address in an address  group  and
              you  want just one  occurrence of it in your alias.
              The default is -nocompress.  Specifies the name  of
              a  header field. The name of the field is not casesensitive.
 If you specify this option without  providing
  an argument, the default values are: -field
              reply-to/sender/from/to. You can set  up  your  own
              default  values  for  the  -field  option  in  your

              Examples of field names are From, cc  and  To.  You
              must  not  type  a colon after the name of a field.
              When more field names follow, in  the  form  /name,
              the  message  header  is  searched  for each of the
              fields in turn until one is found. Only  the  first
              header  field  found to contain an address is used;
              the rest are ignored.

              The option -nofield excludes the named field.

              The special name, all, means all fields, and can be
              used as a value for the -nofield option to override
              any  default  order  of  header  fields,  otherwise
              -field  values  are appended to any default values.
              Specifies that any address replacements or  appendings
  will  apply  to all occurrences of that alias
              name. Normally, if an alias name is entered in  the
              alias file more than once, any actions performed by
              alex are performed only on the first occurrence  of
              that  alias  name.  The -global option ensures that
              any changes are made  to  all  occurrences  of  the
              alias. Whenever this option is specified, a message
              is broadcast to your screen telling  you  how  many
              entries  in  the  alias  file  have  been  changed.
              Prints a list of the valid options  for  this  command.
   Specifies the alias name for address information
 extracted.  The alex command appends a colon
              (:)  to the name as required by mh-alias(4). If you
              do  not  specify  this   option,alex   will   print
              extracted addresses to your screen.  If you specify
              this option, you must provide an argument; there is
              no  default  value.   Extracts  addresses  interactively.
 Before adding each address  of  a  list  of
              extracted  addresses  to  an  alias group, the mail
              system will ask you whether you wish the address to
              be  added. The query prompt is written on the standard
  error  output.  The  default   is   -noquery.
              Replaces  existing  alias  with  the  new  list  of
              addresses. By default,  if  there  is  an  existing
              alias  with the same name as the one you are trying
              to create, alex appends the new address list to the
              old  alias.  If  an address appears in both address
              groups, it is still appended, so  that  it  appears
              twice  in  the  new  alias.  You  can  specify this
              explicitly by using the -noreplace option.  If  you
              specify  the  -replace  option,  the  new  list  of
              addresses replaces the existing group.  The default
              is -noreplace.  Specifies the maximum width of your
              alias file line. If an alias group  extends  beyond
              this length, it is continued on the next line, with
              a backslash (\) at end of the first line. Any X.400
              addresses  which  are  longer than the maximum line
              length specified by this option  are  automatically
              wrapped onto the next line. This option affects the
              format of each individual entry when it  is  implemented;
  any  subsequent or previous entries in the
              alias file remain the same. The default is 72 characters.

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

       The  address  line  extraction utility alex extracts electronic
 mail addresses from message headers and prints  the
       addresses on your screen or places them, with a  specified
       alias name, in an alias file.

       By default, alex searches for  addresses  in  the  current
       message   in the current folder. You can list the messages
       you wish alex to search giving a msgs argument.   You  can
       also  search  messages  in  a different folder by giving a
       +folder argument.

       You define the fields from which  you  want  addresses  by
       using  combinations of field names with the -field option.
       You can also supply an address yourself as a value to  the
       -address option. Results are printed either to your screen
       or to a file in mh-alias(4) format.   Where  there  is  an
       address group in the alias file with an alias name identical
 to one you have specified in an alex command,  it  may
       be replaced  or the new addresses appended.  A copy of the
       original alias file is kept.

       By default, alex searches the  Reply-to:,  Sender:,  From:
       and  To:  header  fields in that order until an address is
       found. You can set up your own default values for alex  in
       your file; see mh_profile(4).

       When  giving  options  to  the alex command, generally the
       shortest unique abbreviation suffices.

RESTRICTIONS    [Toc]    [Back]

       Because the -nofield option can take the value all  as  an
       argument,  alex  will  not recognize a header field called
       All.  If you wish to use such a header field,  you  should
       call it X-all.

       If  a  command  line contains contradictory arguments then
       the last value specified is used. For example, in the following
  command, alex only uses the options -name fred and
       -noreplace: % alex -name sam -name  fred  -replace  -noreplace

EXAMPLES    [Toc]    [Back]

       This  example takes the address from the From field of the
       current message, and places it in your alias file with the
       alias  name  bob:  % alex -field from -alias aliases -name
       bob The following example shows what happens if you  specify
  an  alias  file  that  does  not exist. You are asked
       whether you want to create the file; enter y to create it:
       %  alex  -field from -name bob -alias aliases Create alias
       file  "HOME/Mail/aliases"?  y  The  next   example   takes
       addresses  from two fields, From and cc, and saves them as
       the alias sales_team: % alex -field from -field cc  -alias
       aliases -name sales_team

FILES    [Toc]    [Back]

       Your user profile.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

       ali(1), mh(1), pick(1), mh-alias(4), mh_profile(4)

[ Back ]
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