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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     ancontrol - configure Aironet 4500/4800 devices

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     ancontrol [interface] [-AChINQSTZ] [[-v 1|2|3|4] -a AP]
               [-b  beacon_period]  [-c  channel]  [-v   0|1   -d
               [-e   0|1|2|3]  [-f  fragmentation_threshold]  [-j
               [-K  0|1|2]  [-v  0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7  -k   key]   [-l
               [-m  macaddress] [[-v 1|2|3] -n SSID] [-o 0|1] [-p
               [-r RTS_threshold] [-s 0|1|2|3] [-t 0|1|2|3|4] [-W

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     The  ancontrol  command  controls  the  operation of Aironet
wireless networking
 devices via the an(4) driver.  Most  of  the  parameters
that can be
     changed relate to the IEEE 802.11 protocol which the Aironet
cards implement.
  This includes the station name, whether  the  station
is operating
     in  ad-hoc  (point to point) or infrastructure mode, and the
network name
     of a service set to join.  ancontrol can  also  be  used  to
view the current
     NIC  status,  configuration,  and  to dump the values of the
card's statistics

     The interface argument given to ancontrol should be the logical interface
     name  associated  with  the  Aironet device (e.g., an0, an1,
etc...).  If no
     interface is specified, `an0' is used.

     The options are as follows:

     -A      Display the preferred access  point  list.   The  AP
list can be used
             by  stations  to  specify  the MAC address of access
points with
             which it wishes to associate.   If  no  AP  list  is
specified (the
             default)  then  the  station will associate with the
first access
             point that it finds which serves the SSID(s)  specified in the
             SSID  list.  The AP list can be modified with the -a

     [-v 1|2|3|4] -a AP
             Set preferred access point.  The AP is specified  as
a MAC address
             consisting  of  6  hexadecimal  values  separated by
colons.  By default,
 the -a option only sets the  first  entry  in
the AP list.
             The -v modifier can be used to specify exactly which
AP list entry
 is to be modified.  If the -v flag is not  used,
the first AP
             list entry will be changed.

     -b beacon_period
             Set the ad-hoc mode beacon period.  The beacon period is specified
 in milliseconds.  The default is 100ms.

     -C      Display current NIC configuration.  This  shows  the
current operation
  mode,  receive  mode,  MAC address, power save
settings, various
 timing settings, channel  selection,  diversity,
transmit power,
 and transmit speed.

     -c channel
             Set  the  radio frequency of a given interface.  The
             should be specified as a channel ID as shown in  the
table below.
             The  list  of  available frequencies is dependent on
radio regulations
 specified by regional authorities.  Recognized
             authorities  include  the  FCC (United States), ETSI
             France, and Japan.  Frequencies  in  the  table  are
specified in

                   Channel ID    FCC    ETSI    France    Japan
                   1             2412   2412    -         -
                   2             2417   2417    -         -
                   3             2422   2422    -         -
                   4             2427   2427    -         -
                   5             2432   2432    -         -
                   6             2437   2437    -         -
                   7             2442   2442    -         -
                   8             2447   2447    -         -
                   9             2452   2452    -         -
                   10            2457   2457    2457      -
                   11            2462   2462    2462      -
                   12            -      2467    2467      -
                   13            -      2472    2472      -
                   14            -      -       -         2484

             If an illegal channel is specified, the NIC will revert to its
             default channel.  For NICs sold in the United States
and Europe,
             the  default channel is 3.  For NICs sold in France,
the default
             channel is 11.  For NICs sold  in  Japan,  the  only
available channel
  is  14.   Note that two stations must be set to
the same channel
 in order to communicate.

     -v 0|1 -d 0|1|2|3
             Select the antenna diversity.  Aironet  devices  can
be configured
             with  up  to  two antennas, and transmit and receive
diversity can
             be configured accordingly.  Valid selections are  as

                   Selection     Diversity
                   0             Select factory default diversity
                   1             Antenna 1 only
                   2             Antenna 2 only
                   3             Antenna 1 and 2

             The receive and transmit diversity can be set  independently.  The
             user  must  specify which diversity setting is to be
modified by
             using the -v option: selection 0  sets  the  receive
diversity and 1
             sets the transmit diversity.

     -e 0|1|2|3
             Set  the  transmit  WEP key to use.  Note that until
this command is
             issued, the device will use the last key programmed.
The transmit
  key  is  stored  in  NVRAM.   The currently set
transmit key can
             be checked via -C option.

     -f fragmentation_threshold
             Set the  fragmentation  threshold  in  bytes.   This
threshold controls
  the  point  at which outgoing packets will be
split into multiple
 fragments.  If a single fragment is  not  sent
             only that fragment will need to be retransmitted instead of the
             whole packet.  The fragmentation  threshold  can  be
anything from
             64 to 2312 bytes.  The default is 2312.

     -h      Prints a list of available options and sample usage.

     -I      Display NIC capability information.  This shows  the
device type,
             frequency,  speed,  power  level  capabilities,  and
firmware revision

     -j netjoin_timeout
             Set the ad-hoc network join timeout.  When a station
is first activated
  in ad-hoc mode, it will search out a ``master'' station
             with the desired SSID and associate with it.  If the
station is
             unable  to locate another station with the same SSID
after a suitable
 timeout, it sets itself up  as  the  master  so
that other stations
  may associate with it.  This timeout defaults
to 10000 milliseconds
 (10 seconds) but may be changed with  this
option.  The
             timeout should be specified in milliseconds.

     -K 0|1|2
             Set  authorization  type.   Use  0  for  none, 1 for
"Open", 2 for
             "Shared Key".

     -v 0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7 -k key
             Set a WEP key.  For 40 bits, prefix  10  hex  digits
with 0x.  For
             128  bits,  prefix 26 hex digits with 0x.  Use "" as
the key to
             erase it.  Supports 4 keys;  even  numbers  are  for
permanent keys
             and  odd  numbers are for temporary keys.  For example, "-v 1" sets
             the first temporary  key.   (A  "permanent"  key  is
stored in NVRAM;
             a  "temporary"  key  is  not.)  Note that the device
will use the
             most recently-programmed key by default.   Currently
set keys can
             be  checked via the -C option; only the sizes of the
keys are returned.

     -l station_name
             Set the station name used  internally  by  the  NIC.
             can  be  any  text  string  up  to  16 characters in
length.  The default
 name is set by the driver to "OpenBSD".

     -m macaddress
             Set the station address for the specified interface.
             macaddress is specified as a series of six hexadecimal values
             separated by colons, e.g.  00:60:1d:12:34:56.   This
programs the
             new  address into the card and updates the interface
as well.

     -N      Display the SSID list.  This is a  list  of  service
set IDs (i.e.,
             network  names) with which the station wishes to associate.  There
             may be up to three SSIDs in the  list:  the  station
will go through
             the  list  in ascending order and associate with the
first matching
             SSID that it finds.

     [-v 1|2|3] -n SSID
             Set the desired  SSID  (network  name).   There  are
three SSIDs which
             allows the NIC to work with access points at several
             without needing to be reconfigured.  The NIC  checks
each SSID in
             sequence when searching for a match.  The SSID to be
changed can
             be specified with the -v modifier option.  If the -v
flag isn't
             used, the first SSID in the list is set.

     -o  0|1   Set  the  operating mode of the Aironet interface.
Valid selections
 are 0 for ad-hoc mode and 1 for infrastructure
mode.  The
             default driver setting is for infrastructure mode.

     -p tx_power
             Set  the  transmit power level in milliwatts.  Valid
power settings
             vary depending on the actual NIC and can  be  viewed
by dumping the
             device  capabilities with the -I flag.  Typical values are 1, 5,
             20, 50, and 100mW.  Selecting 0 sets the factory default.

     -Q      If driver was compiled with option ANCACHE (default)
then display
             the signal cache contents.  A maximum of 16  station
addresses are
             collected  on  the  list with LRU expiration policy.
             such as MAC address, IP address, and signal strength
is collected
             from the most recent matching packet received.

     -r RTS_threshold
             Set  the  RTS/CTS  threshold  for a given interface.
This controls
             the number of bytes used for the  RTS/CTS  handshake
boundary.  The
             RTS_threshold  can  be any value between 0 and 2312.
The default
             is 2312.

     -S      Display NIC status information.  This  includes  the
current operating
  status,  current BSSID, SSID, channel, beacon
period, and
             currently associated access  point.   The  operating
mode indicates
             the  state of the NIC, MAC status, and receiver status.  When the
             ``synced'' keyword appears, it  means  the  NIC  has
successfully associated
  with  an  access point, associated with an
             ``master'' station, or become a  ``master''  itself.
The beacon
             period  can be anything between 20 and 976 milliseconds.  The default
 is 100.

     -s 0|1|2|3
             Set power save mode.  Valid selections are  as  follows:

                   Selection     Power save mode
                   0             None - power save disabled
                   1             Constantly awake mode (CAM)
                   2             Power Save Polling (PSP)
                   3              Fast  Power  Save Polling (PSPCAM)

             Note that for IBSS (ad-hoc) mode, only PSP  mode  is
supported, and
             only if the ATIM window is non-zero.

     -T      Display the NIC's internal statistics counters.

     -t 0|1|2|3|4
             Select  transmit  speed.  The available settings are
as follows:

                   TX rate     NIC speed
                   0           Auto -- NIC selects optimal speed
                   1           1Mbps fixed
                   2           2Mbps fixed
                   3           5.5Mbps fixed
                   4           11Mbps fixed

             Note that the 5.5 and 11Mbps settings are only  supported on the
             4800  series adapters: the 4500 series adapters have
a maximum
             speed of 2Mbps.

     -W 0|1|2
             Enable WEP.  Use 0 for no WEP, 1 to enable full WEP,
2 for mixed

     -Z      Purge the signal cache contents (see above).

SECURITY NOTES    [Toc]    [Back]

     WEP  ("wired  equivalent privacy") is based on the RC4 algorithm, using a
     24-bit initialization vector.

     RC4 is supposedly vulnerable to certain known plaintext  attacks, especially
 with 40-bit keys.  So the security of WEP in part depends on how
     much known plaintext is transmitted.

     Because of this, although counter-intuitive,  using  "shared
key" authentication
  (which involves sending known plaintext) is less secure than using
     "open" authentication when WEP is enabled.

     Devices may alternate among all of the configured  WEP  keys
when transmitting
  packets.   Therefore, all configured keys (up to four)
must agree.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     an(4), wi(4), hostname.if(5), ifconfig(8), wicontrol(8)

HISTORY    [Toc]    [Back]

     The ancontrol command first  appeared  in  FreeBSD  3.0  and
OpenBSD 2.7.

AUTHORS    [Toc]    [Back]

     The   ancontrol   command   was   written   by   Bill   Paul
     and ported to OpenBSD by
     Michael Shalayeff <mickey@openbsd.org>.

BUGS    [Toc]    [Back]

     The statistics counters do not seem to show  the  amount  of
transmit and
     received  frames  as  increasing.  This is likely due to the
fact that the
     an(4) driver uses unmodified packet mode instead of  letting
the NIC perform
 802.11/Ethernet encapsulation itself.

     Setting the channel does not seem to have any effect.

OpenBSD      3.6                       September     10,     1999
[ Back ]
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