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  man pages->NetBSD man pages -> dlctl (3)              



NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     dlopen, dlclose, dlsym, dlctl, dlerror - dynamic link interface

LIBRARY    [Toc]    [Back]

     (These functions are not in a library.  They are included in every dynamically
 linked program automatically.)

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     #include <dlfcn.h>

     void *
     dlopen(const char *path, int mode);

     dlclose(void *handle);

     void *
     dlsym(void *handle, const char *symbol);

     dladdr(void *addr, Dl_info *dli);

     dlctl(void *handle, int cmd, void *data);

     char *

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     These functions provide an interface to the run-time linker ld.so(1).
     They allow new shared objects to be loaded into the process' address
     space under program control.  The dlopen() function takes a name of a
     shared object as the first argument.  The shared object is mapped into
     the address space, relocated and its external references are resolved in
     the same way as is done with the implicitly loaded shared libraries at
     program startup.  The argument can either be an absolute pathname or it
     can be of the form ``lib<name>.so[.xx[.yy]]'' in which case the same
     library search rules apply that are used for ``intrinsic'' shared library
     searches.  If the first argument is NULL, dlopen() returns a handle on
     the global symbol object. This object provides access to all symbols from
     an ordered set of objects consisting of the original program image and
     any dependencies loaded during startup.

     The second argument has currently no effect, but should be set to DL_LAZY
     for future compatibility.  dlopen() returns a handle to be used in calls
     to dlclose(), dlsym() and dlctl().  If the named shared object has
     already been loaded by a previous call to dlopen() (and not yet unloaded
     by dlclose()), a handle referring to the resident copy is returned.

     dlclose() unlinks and removes the object referred to by handle from the
     process address space.  If multiple calls to dlopen() have been done on
     this object (or the object was one loaded at startup time) the object is
     removed when its reference count drops to zero.

     dlsym() looks for a definition of symbol in the shared object designated
     by handle.  The symbols address is returned.  If the symbol cannot be
     resolved, NULL is returned.

     dladdr() examines all currently mapped shared objects for a symbol whose
     address -- as mapped in the process address space -- is closest to but
     not exceeding the value passed in the first argument addr.  The symbols
     of a shared object are only eligible if addr is between the base address
     of the shared object and the value of the symbol ``_end'' in the same
     shared object. If no object for which this condition holds true can be
     found, dladdr() will return 0. Otherwise, a non-zero value is returned
     and the dli argument will be used to provide information on the selected
     symbol and the shared object it is contained in.  The dli argument points
     at a caller-provided Dl_info structure defined as follows:

           typedef struct {
                   const char  *dli_fname;     /* File defining the symbol */
                   void        *dli_fbase;     /* Base address */
                   const char  *dli_sname;     /* Symbol name */
                   void        *dli_saddr;     /* Symbol address */
           } Dl_info;

     The member dli_sname points at the nul-terminated name of the selected
     symbol, and dli_saddr is the actual address (as it appears in the process
     address space) of the symbol.  The member dli_fname points at the file
     name corresponding to the shared object in which the symbol was found,
     while dli_fbase is the base address at which this shared object is loaded
     in the process address space.  dli_fname and dli_fbase may be zero if the
     symbol was found in the internally generated ``copy'' section (see
     link(5)) which is not associated with a file.  Note: both strings pointed
     at by dli_fname and dli_sname reside in memory private to the run-time
     linker module and should not be modified by the caller.

     dlctl() provides an interface similar to ioctl(2) to control several
     aspects of the run-time linker's operation.  This interface is currently
     under development.

     dlerror() return a character string representing the most recent error
     that has occurred while processing one of the other functions described
     here.  If no dynamic linking errors have occurred since the last invocation
 of dlerror(), dlerror() returns NULL.  Thus, invoking dlerror() a
     second time, immediately following a prior invocation, will result in
     NULL being returned.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     ld(1), rtld(1), link(5)

HISTORY    [Toc]    [Back]

     Some of the dl* functions first appeared in SunOS 4.

BUGS    [Toc]    [Back]

     An error that occurs while processing a dlopen() request results in the
     termination of the program.

BSD                           September 30, 1995                           BSD
[ Back ]
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