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  man pages->NetBSD man pages -> BIO_s_accept (3)              



NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

       BIO_s_accept, BIO_set_nbio, BIO_set_accept_port,
       BIO_get_accept_port, BIO_set_nbio_accept,
       BIO_set_accept_bios, BIO_set_bind_mode, BIO_get_bind_mode,
       BIO_do_accept - accept BIO

LIBRARY    [Toc]    [Back]

       libcrypto, -lcrypto

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

        #include <openssl/bio.h>

        BIO_METHOD * BIO_s_accept(void);

        #define BIO_set_accept_port(b,name) BIO_ctrl(b,BIO_C_SET_ACCEPT,0,(char *)name)
        #define BIO_get_accept_port(b) BIO_ptr_ctrl(b,BIO_C_GET_ACCEPT,0)

        BIO *BIO_new_accept(char *host_port);

        #define BIO_set_nbio_accept(b,n) BIO_ctrl(b,BIO_C_SET_ACCEPT,1,(n)?"a":NULL)
        #define BIO_set_accept_bios(b,bio) BIO_ctrl(b,BIO_C_SET_ACCEPT,2,(char *)bio)

        #define BIO_set_bind_mode(b,mode) BIO_ctrl(b,BIO_C_SET_BIND_MODE,mode,NULL)
        #define BIO_get_bind_mode(b,mode) BIO_ctrl(b,BIO_C_GET_BIND_MODE,0,NULL)

        #define BIO_BIND_NORMAL                0
        #define BIO_BIND_REUSEADDR_IF_UNUSED   1
        #define BIO_BIND_REUSEADDR             2

        #define BIO_do_accept(b)       BIO_do_handshake(b)

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

       BIO_s_accept() returns the accept BIO method. This is a
       wrapper round the platform's TCP/IP socket accept routines.

       Using accept BIOs TCP/IP connections can be accepted and
       data transferred using only BIO routines. In this way any
       platform specific operations are hidden by the BIO

       Read and write operations on an accept BIO will perform
       I/O on the underlying connection. If no connection is
       established and the port (see below) is set up properly
       then the BIO waits for an incoming connection.

       Accept BIOs support BIO_puts() but not BIO_gets().

       If the close flag is set on an accept BIO then any active
       connection on that chain is shutdown and the socket closed
       when the BIO is freed.

       Calling BIO_reset() on a accept BIO will close any active
       connection and reset the BIO into a state where it awaits
       another incoming connection.

       BIO_get_fd() and BIO_set_fd() can be called to retrieve or
       set the accept socket. See BIO_s_fd(3)

       BIO_set_accept_port() uses the string name to set the
       accept port. The port is represented as a string of the
       form "host:port", where "host" is the interface to use and
       "port" is the port.  Either or both values can be "*"
       which is interpreted as meaning any interface or port
       respectively. "port" has the same syntax as the port specified
 in BIO_set_conn_port() for connect BIOs, that is it
       can be a numerical port string or a string to lookup using
       getservbyname() and a string table.

       BIO_new_accept() combines BIO_new() and
       BIO_set_accept_port() into a single call: that is it creates
 a new accept BIO with port host_port.

       BIO_set_nbio_accept() sets the accept socket to blocking
       mode (the default) if n is 0 or non blocking mode if n is

       BIO_set_accept_bios() can be used to set a chain of BIOs
       which will be duplicated and prepended to the chain when
       an incoming connection is received. This is useful if, for
       example, a buffering or SSL BIO is required for each connection.
 The chain of BIOs must not be freed after this
       call, they will be automatically freed when the accept BIO
       is freed.

       BIO_set_bind_mode() and BIO_get_bind_mode() set and
       retrieve the current bind mode. If BIO_BIND_NORMAL (the
       default) is set then another socket cannot be bound to the
       same port. If BIO_BIND_REUSEADDR is set then other sockets
       can bind to the same port. If BIO_BIND_REUSEADDR_IF_UNUSED
       is set then and attempt is first made to use BIO_BIN_NORMAL,
 if this fails and the port is not in use then a second
 attempt is made using BIO_BIND_REUSEADDR.

       BIO_do_accept() serves two functions. When it is first
       called, after the accept BIO has been setup, it will
       attempt to create the accept socket and bind an address to
       it. Second and subsequent calls to BIO_do_accept() will
       await an incoming connection.

NOTES    [Toc]    [Back]

       When an accept BIO is at the end of a chain it will await
       an incoming connection before processing I/O calls. When
       an accept BIO is not at then end of a chain it passes I/O
       calls to the next BIO in the chain.

       When a connection is established a new socket BIO is created
 for the connection and appended to the chain. That is
       the chain is now accept->socket. This effectively means
       that attempting I/O on an initial accept socket will await
       an incoming connection then perform I/O on it.

       If any additional BIOs have been set using
       BIO_set_accept_bios() then they are placed between the
       socket and the accept BIO, that is the chain will be

       If a server wishes to process multiple connections (as is
       normally the case) then the accept BIO must be made available
 for further incoming connections. This can be done by
       waiting for a connection and then calling:

        connection = BIO_pop(accept);

       After this call connection will contain a BIO for the
       recently established connection and accept will now be a
       single BIO again which can be used to await further
       incoming connections.  If no further connections will be
       accepted the accept can be freed using BIO_free().

       If only a single connection will be processed it is possible
 to perform I/O using the accept BIO itself. This is
       often undesirable however because the accept BIO will
       still accept additional incoming connections. This can be
       resolved by using BIO_pop() (see above) and freeing up the
       accept BIO after the initial connection.

RETURN VALUES    [Toc]    [Back]


EXAMPLE    [Toc]    [Back]

       This example accepts two connections on port 4444, sends
       messages down each and finally closes both down.

        BIO *abio, *cbio, *cbio2;
        abio = BIO_new_accept("4444");

        /* First call to BIO_accept() sets up accept BIO */
        if(BIO_do_accept(abio) <= 0) {
               fprintf(stderr, "Error setting up accept\n");

        /* Wait for incoming connection */
        if(BIO_do_accept(abio) <= 0) {
               fprintf(stderr, "Error accepting connection\n");
        fprintf(stderr, "Connection 1 established\n");
        /* Retrieve BIO for connection */
        cbio = BIO_pop(abio);
        BIO_puts(cbio, "Connection 1: Sending out Data on initial connection\n");
        fprintf(stderr, "Sent out data on connection 1\n");
        /* Wait for another connection */
        if(BIO_do_accept(abio) <= 0) {
               fprintf(stderr, "Error accepting connection\n");
        fprintf(stderr, "Connection 2 established\n");
        /* Close accept BIO to refuse further connections */
        cbio2 = BIO_pop(abio);
        BIO_puts(cbio2, "Connection 2: Sending out Data on second\n");
        fprintf(stderr, "Sent out data on connection 2\n");

        BIO_puts(cbio, "Connection 1: Second connection established\n");
        /* Close the two established connections */

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]


2001-04-12                    0.9.6g              BIO_s_accept(3)
[ Back ]
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