*nix Documentation Project
·  Home
 +   man pages
·  Linux HOWTOs
·  FreeBSD Tips
·  *niX Forums

  man pages->Linux man pages -> hostname (1)              



NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

       hostname - show or set the system's host name
       dnsdomainname - show the system's DNS domain name

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

       hostname  [-v] [-a] [--alias] [-d] [--domain] [-f] [--fqdn] [-i] [--ip-
       address] [--long] [-s] [--short] [-y] [--yp] [--nis]

       hostname [-v] [-F filename] [--file filename] [hostname]

       hostname [-v] [-h] [--help] [-V] [--version]

       dnsdomainname [-v]

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

       Hostname is used to either set or display the current  host  or	domain
       name  of  the system.  This name is used by many of the networking programs
 to identify the machine. The domain name is also used by  NIS/YP.

   GET NAME    [Toc]    [Back]
       When  called  without  any  arguments, the program displays the current

       hostname will print the name of the system as returned by the  gethost-
       name(2) function.

       dnsdomainname  will  print the domain part of the FQDN (Fully Qualified
       Domain Name). The complete FQDN of the system is returned with hostname

   SET NAME    [Toc]    [Back]
       When  called  with one argument or with the --file option, the commands
       set the host name or the NIS/YP domain name.

       Note, that only the super-user can change the names.

       It is not possible to set the FQDN or the DNS domain name with the dns-
       domainname command (see THE FQDN below).

       The   host   name   is	usually   set	once   at  system  startup  in
       /etc/rc.d/rc.inet1 or /etc/init.d/boot (normally by  reading  the  contents
 of a file which contains the host name, e.g.  /etc/hostname).

   THE FQDN    [Toc]    [Back]
       You  can't  change the FQDN (as returned by hostname --fqdn) or the DNS
       domain name (as returned by dnsdomainname) with this command. The  FQDN
       of  the	system	is  the name that the resolver(3) returns for the host

       Technically: The FQDN is the name gethostbyname(2) returns for the host
       name returned by gethostname(2).  The DNS domain name is the part after
       the first dot.

       Therefore it depends on the configuration (usually  in  /etc/host.conf)
       how  you can change it. Usually (if the hosts file is parsed before DNS
       or NIS) you can change it in /etc/hosts.

OPTIONS    [Toc]    [Back]

       -a, --alias
	      Display the alias name of the host (if used).

       -d, --domain
	      Display the name of the  DNS  domain.   Don't  use  the  command
	      domainname  to  get the DNS domain name because it will show the
	      NIS domain name and not the DNS domain name.  Use  dnsdomainname

       -F, --file filename
	      Read  the  host  name  from  the specified file. Comments (lines
	      starting with a `#') are ignored.

       -f, --fqdn, --long
	      Display the FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name). A FQDN  consists
	      of  a  short  host  name and the DNS domain name. Unless you are
	      using bind or NIS for host lookups you can change the  FQDN  and
	      the  DNS	domain	name  (which  is  part	of  the  FQDN)	in the
	      /etc/hosts file.

       -h, --help
	      Print a usage message and exit.

       -i, --ip-address
	      Display the IP address(es) of the host.

       -s, --short
	      Display the short host name. This is the host name  cut  at  the
	      first dot.

       -V, --version
	      Print  version  information on standard output and exit successfully.

       -v, --verbose
	      Be verbose and tell what's going on.

       -y, --yp, --nis
	      Display the NIS domain name. If a parameter is given (or	--file
	      name ) then root can also set a new NIS domain.

FILES    [Toc]    [Back]


AUTHORS    [Toc]    [Back]

       Peter Tobias, <tobias@et-inf.fho-emden.de>
       Bernd Eckenfels, <net-tools@lina.inka.de> (NIS and manpage).

net-tools			  28 Jan 1996			   HOSTNAME(1)
[ Back ]
 Similar pages
Name OS Title
showmount FreeBSD show remote nfs mounts on host
showmount OpenBSD show remote NFS mounts on host
ruptime FreeBSD show host status of local machines
ruptime IRIX show host status of local machines
ruptime OpenBSD show host status of local machines
rup HP-UX show host status of local machines (RPC version)
rup IRIX show host status of local machines (RPC version)
rup Tru64 Show host status of remote machines (RPC version)
uptime IRIX show how long system has been up
usbdevs FreeBSD show USB devices connected to the system
Copyright © 2004-2005 DeniX Solutions SRL
newsletter delivery service