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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

       expr - evaluate expressions

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

       expr EXPRESSION
       expr OPTION

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

       --help display this help and exit

	      output version information and exit

       Print  the  value of EXPRESSION to standard output.  A blank line below
       separates increasing precedence groups.	EXPRESSION may be:

       ARG1 | ARG2
	      ARG1 if it is neither null nor 0, otherwise ARG2

       ARG1 & ARG2
	      ARG1 if neither argument is null or 0, otherwise 0

       ARG1 < ARG2
	      ARG1 is less than ARG2

       ARG1 <= ARG2
	      ARG1 is less than or equal to ARG2

       ARG1 = ARG2
	      ARG1 is equal to ARG2

       ARG1 != ARG2
	      ARG1 is unequal to ARG2

       ARG1 >= ARG2
	      ARG1 is greater than or equal to ARG2

       ARG1 > ARG2
	      ARG1 is greater than ARG2

       ARG1 + ARG2
	      arithmetic sum of ARG1 and ARG2

       ARG1 - ARG2
	      arithmetic difference of ARG1 and ARG2

       ARG1 * ARG2
	      arithmetic product of ARG1 and ARG2

       ARG1 / ARG2
	      arithmetic quotient of ARG1 divided by ARG2

       ARG1 % ARG2
	      arithmetic remainder of ARG1 divided by ARG2

	      anchored pattern match of REGEXP in STRING

       match STRING REGEXP
	      same as STRING : REGEXP

       substr STRING POS LENGTH
	      substring of STRING, POS counted from 1

       index STRING CHARS
	      index in STRING where any CHARS is found, or 0

       length STRING
	      length of STRING

       quote TOKEN
	      interpret TOKEN as a string, even if it is a

	      keyword like `match' or an operator like `/'

       ( EXPRESSION )
	      value of EXPRESSION

       Beware that many operators need to be escaped  or  quoted  for  shells.
       Comparisons are arithmetic if both ARGs are numbers, else lexicographical.
  Pattern matches return the string matched between \(  and	\)  or
       null;  if  \( and \) are not used, they return the number of characters
       matched or 0.

   expr exits with:
	      0 if the expression is neither null nor 0; 1 if  the  expression
	      is null or 0; or 2 for invalid expressions.

AUTHOR    [Toc]    [Back]

       Written by Mike Parker.

REPORTING BUGS    [Toc]    [Back]

       Report bugs to <bug-sh-utils@gnu.org>.

COPYRIGHT    [Toc]    [Back]

       Copyright (C) 2000 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
       This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is
       NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR  A  PARTICULAR

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

       The  full documentation for expr is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If
       the info and expr programs are properly installed  at  your  site,  the

	      info expr

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU sh-utils 2.0.11		   July 2001			       EXPR(1)
[ Back ]
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