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rm(1)									 rm(1)

NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     rm, rmdir - remove	files or directories

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     rm	[-f] [-i] file ...
     rm	-r [-f]	[-i] dirname . . . [file . . .]

     rmdir [-p]	[-s] dirname . . .

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     rm	removes	the entries for	one or more files from a directory. It does
     not remove	.. and anything	above target directory when invoked with an
     argument which ends in /..	 It will print error messages in these cases.
     If	the directory containing the file to be	removed	has the	'sticky' bit
     set (see chmod(2))	then in	order to remove	the file one of	the following
     must be true:

	  the user owns	the file,
	  the user owns	the directory, or
	  the user is the super-user.

     If	the kernel tunable xpg4_sticky_bit is set to 0 the file	will also be
     removable if it is	writable by the	user.

     If	a file has no write permission and the standard	input is a terminal,
     the full set of permissions (in octal) for	the file are printed followed
     by	a question mark.  This is a prompt for confirmation.  If the answer
     begins with y (for	yes), the file is deleted, otherwise the file remains.

     If	file is	a symbolic link, the link will be removed, but the file	or
     directory to which	it refers will not be deleted.	A user does not	need
     write permission on a symbolic link to remove it, provided	they have
     write permissions in the directory.

     Note that if the standard input is	not a terminal,	the command will
     operate as	if the -f option is in effect.

     Four options apply	to rm:

     -f	  This option causes the removal of all	files (whether write-protected
	  or not) in a directory without prompting the user.  In a writeprotected
 directory, however,	files are never	removed	(whatever
	  their	permissions are), but no messages are displayed.  If the
	  removal of a write-protected directory is attempted, this option
	  will not suppress an error message.  Any previous occurrences	of the
	  -i will be ignored.

     -r	  This option causes the recursive removal of any directories and
	  subdirectories in the	argument list.	The directory will be emptied
	  of files and removed.	 Note that the user is normally	prompted for
	  removal of any write-protected files which the directory contains.
	  The write-protected files are	removed	without	prompting, however, if

									Page 1

rm(1)									 rm(1)

	  the -f option	is used, or if the standard input is not a terminal
	  and the -i option is not used.

	  Symbolic links that are encountered with this	option will not	be
	  If the removal of a non-empty, write-protected directory is
	  attempted, the command will always fail (even	if the -f option is
	  used), resulting in an error message.

     -R	  Same as -r

     -i	  With this option, confirmation of removal of any file	occurs
	  interactively.  Any previous occurrences of the -f option will be

     Two options apply to rmdir:

     -p	  This option allows users to remove the directory dirname and its
	  parent directories which become empty.  A message is printed on
	  standard output about	whether	the whole path is removed or part of
	  the path remains for some reason.

     -s	  This option is used to suppress the message printed on standard
	  error	when -p	is in effect.

FILES    [Toc]    [Back]

	  language-specific message file [See LANG on environ (5).]

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     unlink(2),	rmdir(2)

DIAGNOSTICS    [Toc]    [Back]

     All messages are generally	self-explanatory.

     It	is forbidden to	remove the files "." and ".."  in order	to avoid the
     consequences of inadvertently doing something like	the following:
	  rm -r	.*

     Both rm and rmdir return exit codes of 0 if all the specified directories
     are removed successfully.	Otherwise, they	return a non-zero exit code.

NOTES    [Toc]    [Back]

     A -- permits the user to mark explicitly the end of any command line
     options, allowing rm to recognize filename	arguments that begin with a -.
     As	an aid to BSD migration, rm will accept	- as a synonym for --.	This
     migration aid may disappear in a future release.  If a -- and a - both
     appear on the same	command	line, the second will be interpreted as	a

									PPPPaaaaggggeeee 2222
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