gettxt - retrieve a text string from a message database
gettxt msgfile<b>:msgnum <b>[dflt_msg<b>]
gettxt retrieves a text string from a message file in the directory
/usr/lib/locale/locale<b>/LC_MESSAGES. The directory name locale
corresponds to the language in which the text strings are written; see
setlocale(3C) and environ(5).
msgfile Name of the file from which to retrieve msgnum. The name can
be up to 14 characters in length, but may not contain either \0
(NULL) or the characters / (slash) or : (colon).
msgnum Sequence number of the string to retrieve from msgfile. The
strings in msgfile are numbered sequentially from 1 to n, where
n is the number of strings in the file.
dflt_msg Default string to be displayed if gettxt fails to retrieve
msgnum from msgfile. Nongraphic characters must be represented
as alphabetic escape sequences.
The text string to be retrieved is in the file msgfile, created by the
mkmsgs(1) utility and installed under the directory
/usr/lib/locale/locale<b>/LC_MESSAGES. The directory searched is specified
by the environment variable LC_MESSAGES. If LC_MESSAGES is not set, the
environment variable LANG will be used. If LANG is not set, the files
containing the strings are under the directory
If gettxt fails to retrieve a message in the requested language, it will
try to retrieve the same message from
/usr/lib/locale/C/LC_MESSAGES/msgfile. If this also fails, and if
dflt_msg is present and non-empty, then it will display the value of
dflt_msg; if dflt_msg is not present or is empty, then it will display
the string Message not found!!\n. If the environment variables LANG or
LC_MESSAGES have not been set to other than their default values,
gettxt UX:10 "hello world\n"
will try to retrieve the 10th message from
/usr/lib/locale/C/LC_MESSAGES/UX. If the retrieval fails, the message
hello world, followed by a newline, will be displayed.
default message files created by mkmsgs(1)
language-specific message files created by mkmsgs(1)
language-specific message file for gettxt
exstr(1), mkmsgs(1), srchtxt(1), gettxt(3C), setlocale(3C)
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