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 aio_proc_thread_pct(5)                               aio_proc_thread_pct(5)
                          Tunable Kernel Parameters

 NAME    [Toc]    [Back]
      aio_proc_thread_pct - percentage of all process threads allowed in AIO

 VALUES    [Toc]    [Back]

    Default    [Toc]    [Back]

    Allowed values    [Toc]    [Back]

    Recommended values    [Toc]    [Back]

 DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]
      The implementation of POSIX AIO on HP-UX uses kernel threads to
      perform I/Os to filesystems that do not directly support true
      asynchronous I/O.  (This distinction is transparent to the user.)  The
      kernel threads are organized into worker-thread pools (called AIO
      thread pools) created on a per-process basis.  Since a thread pool
      mechanism for I/Os introduces a variety of trade-offs concerning
      utilization of CPU time vs.  I/O resources, four dynamic tunables are
      available to customize the behavior of this thread pool:
      aio_proc_threads(5), aio_proc_thread_pct(5), aio_req_per_thread(5),
      and aio_monitor_run_sec(5).  Please see individual manpages for
      details on each of these tunables.

      The tunable aio_proc_thread_pct specifies, on a per-process basis, the
      percentage of threads that can be used by the POSIX AIO system as
      kernel threads for issuing I/Os.  The percentage is taken as a
      percentage of max_thread_proc, which is the upper bound on the number
      of threads a process may have.

      This tunable interacts with aio_proc_threads in the following way: the
      maximum number of threads used for AIO will be the smaller of the two
      values defined by the two tunables; i.e.:

           MIN (aio_proc_threads, aio_proc_thread_pct * max_thread_proc)

      This allows the number of AIO threads to vary dynamically with
      max_thread_proc, but to always be bound by an absolute limit of

    Who Is Expected to Change This Tunable?
      System administrators that run applications requiring heavy usage of
      POSIX AIO to filesystems.

 Hewlett-Packard Company            - 1 -      HP-UX 11i Version 2: Sep 2004

 aio_proc_thread_pct(5)                               aio_proc_thread_pct(5)
                          Tunable Kernel Parameters

    Restrictions on Changing    [Toc]    [Back]
      This tunables is dynamic.  Changes to to this tunable take effect
      immediately for new processes started after the change.  They also
      impact existing processes, but the speed with which the changes
      propagate to running processes is determined by the tunable

    When Should the Value of This Tunable Be Raised?
      aio_proc_thread_pct should be raised for applications that do not use
      very many threads for their own work, but desire high performance from
      the POSIX AIO subsystem.

    What Are the Side Effects of Raising the Value of This Tunable?
      Some applications that use POSIX AIO but also require a large number
      of threads may find that they are unable to create new threads,
      because the POSIX AIO thread pool ends up using too many of a process'
      allowable threads.

      In addition, using a larger number of kernel threads might lead to
      increased CPU utilization.

    When Should the Value of This Tunable Be Lowered?
      aio_proc_thread_pct should be lowered when POSIX AIO performance is
      acceptable but applications using POSIX AIO are seeing errors when
      trying to create new threads for other work.

    What Are the Side Effects of Lowering the Value of This Tunable?
      By ultimately reducing the number of threads available to handle POSIX
      AIO requests, overall I/O throughput of the POSIX AIO subsystem could
      be reduced.

    What Other Tunables Should Be Changed at the Same Time as This One?
      aio_proc_threads interacts with this tunable by setting a strict limit
      on the number of threads that can be used for POSIX AIO.  This allows
      a hard limit to be imposed, regardless of what value max_thread_proc
      happens to take.

      aio_req_per_thread defines the desired relationship between the number
      of POSIX AIO kernel threads and the number of I/Os to be serviced.

      aio_monitor_run_sec defines how often (in seconds) the AIO thread
      mechanism will monitor itself for adherence to the constraints defined
      by the tunables above.

 WARNINGS    [Toc]    [Back]
      All HP-UX kernel tunable parameters are release specific.  This
      parameter may be removed or have its meaning changed in future
      releases of HP-UX.

      Installation of optional kernel software, from HP or other vendors,
      may cause changes to tunable parameter values.  After installation,

 Hewlett-Packard Company            - 2 -      HP-UX 11i Version 2: Sep 2004

 aio_proc_thread_pct(5)                               aio_proc_thread_pct(5)
                          Tunable Kernel Parameters

      some tunable parameters may no longer be at the default or recommended
      values.  For information about the effects of installation on tunable
      values, consult the documentation for the kernel software being
      installed. For information about optional kernel software that was
      factory installed on your system, see HP-UX Release Notes at

 AUTHOR    [Toc]    [Back]
      aio_proc_thread_pct was developed by HP.

 SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]
      kctune(1M), sam(1M), gettune(2), settune(2), aio_proc_threads(5),
      aio_req_per_thread(5), aio_monitor_run_sec(5).

 Hewlett-Packard Company            - 3 -      HP-UX 11i Version 2: Sep 2004
[ Back ]
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