NAME [Toc] [Back]
kcalarm - add, delete, or list kernel tunable alarms, as well as turn
kernel tunable monitoring on and off.
SYNOPSIS [Toc] [Back]
kcalarm -a [-t threshold ] [-e <event> ]... [-i interval ] [-c comment
] -n <notification> tunable [tunable... ]
kcalarm -d [-F ] [-t threshold ] [-e <event> ]... [-i interval ] [-c
comment ] [-n <notification> ] [-k key ] tunable [tunable... ]
kcalarm -s (on | off ) [-F ] [-t threshold ] [-e <event> ]... [-i
interval ] [-c comment ] [-n <notification> ] [-k key ] tunable
kcalarm [-l ] [-k key ] [tunable... ]
kcalarm -m (on |off | status ) [-l ]
<event> = (initial | repeat | return )
<notification> = notification_target:[data]:[port]
DESCRIPTION [Toc] [Back]
kcalarm is used to manage kernel tunable alarms and monitors; alarms
and monitors are implemented in the kcmond(1M) daemon. Users can
create, modify, delete, and list kernel tunable alarms. Alarms send a
notification though various notification targets when a kernel tunable
crosses a specified percentage threshold of its current setting.
Monitoring is the process of collecting historical tunable data. When
this feature is turned on, historical data is collected on the usage
of supported tunables. This data is used by the kcusage (see
kcusage(1M)) command to generate usage tables (including top
consumers) for supported kernel tunables and enables graphs in the
kcweb(1M) tool. Monitoring is turned on by default when the Kernel
Configuration (kcweb) tool is installed.
Root permissions are required to execute kcalarm when the -a, -d, -s,
and -m (on|off) options are specified.
Operands [Toc] [Back]
recognizes the following operands
tunable Name of the kernel tunable. See kcusage(1M) for a list
of tunables that can be monitored. If the token "any"
is used as the tunable, an alarm is created that
monitors all monitorable tunables, except dbc_max_pct
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and ninode; this alarm sends notification if any of
them exceed the specified threshold.
The list of valid tunables can be found on the
If no options are provided, the kcalarm will list alarms for the
specified tunable(s), or for all tunables if none are specified.
Options [Toc] [Back]
recognizes the following options
-a Add a kernel tunable alarm for the specified
tunable(s). Separate alarms will be added for each
tunable named with the -a option. The -a option should
be used with the -n option, and with -t, -e and -i if
values other than the defaults are desired.
-d Delete a kernel tunable alarm for the specified
tunable(s). If multiple alarms exist for a single
tunable, -k, -t, -e, -i, and -n options can be used to
clarify the delete request. The command will
interactively confirm each delete request unless the -F
(force) option is specified.
-F Force the deletion or change of status of an alarm,
without confirming the request. This option is only
valid with -d and -s options.
-t threshold This is a percentage of the current setting of the
kernel tunable over which the alarm should sound (i.e
75 indicates 75 percent of the value of the current
setting). The default is 80 percent. Only whole numbers
-e (initial|repeat|return) Event type. This determines
what type of event will trigger a notification when the
threshold is crossed. The three options are initial,
repeat, and return.
initial sends a notification from the first
polling, and each time the threshold is
exceeded (once per set of polls when the
tunable exceeds the threshold).
repeat sends a notification any time the
tunable is polled and its value exceeds
the specified threshold (this can lead
to a large number of messages if the
polling interval is small).
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return sends a notification at the first
polling at which resource usage falls
below threshold after exceeding it.
The -e option can be specified multiple times to
provide combinations of initial, repeat, and return.
If no -e is provided with the -a option, the alarm will
be added with the initial event type by default.
-i interval This specifies how often the tunable data will be
sampled (in minutes). If no interval is specified with
the -a option, an interval of 5 minutes will be used by
-c comment This is a user provided string to help identify the
alarm request. This text is included in notifications.
The comment is empty by default.
-k key Unique key used to disambiguate alarms from each other.
Can be used with -s, -d and when listing. The value of
the key is displayed when listing with the -l (long)
Notification target if an alarm is triggered, where
notification is a colon separated string (in quotes if
it contains any spaces) in the form
notification_target:[data]:[port]. The kcalarm command
uses the Event Monitoring Service (EMS) infrastructure,
and therefore supports any of the notification targets
supported by EMS (see ems(5)). Valid choices are:
This option can be used with
This option is used for any application
that accepts these protocols and follows
the rules defined in the EMS Developer's
This option can be used with any
application that accepts SNMP traps,
such as OpenView NNM, or IT/O. The
application must be setup to recognize
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the SNMP traps generated.
email:address: This option causes an email to be sent
to the specified address when an alarm
is triggered. If a comment is provided,
it will be included in the body of the
syslog:: This option causes notifications to be
written to syslog on the local system.
If a comment is provided, it will be
included in the syslog entry.
This option causes notifications to be
written to the specified filename on the
local system. If a comment is provided,
it will be included in the textlog
console:: This option causes notifications to be
written to the system console on the
local system. If a comment is provided,
it will be included.
-l Long listing in machine readable format. By default
output is in human readable format. Note that output
will not be localized when the -l option is specified.
-s(on|off) Set the status of an alarm for the specified
tunable(s), either on or off. This option allows
temporarily disabling alarms without deleting them. If
multiple alarms exist for a given tunable, -k, -t, -e,
-i, and -n options can be used to clarify the on/off
Turn kernel tunable monitoring on, off, or check the
present status. This option is on by default when the
Kernel Configuration tool is installed. This option
must be on in order for kcusage to generate tables of
historical tunable usage. Turning monitoring off will
disable the features kcusage and kcweb that depend on
the availability of historical data.
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RETURN VALUE [Toc] [Back]
Upon completion, kcalarm returns one of the following values:
1 Command failed, see STDERR for specifics.
EXAMPLES [Toc] [Back]
Add an alarm that monitors all kernel tunables, which will send
notification to firstname.lastname@example.org if any kernel tunable resource exceeds
90% of the tunable's current setting. Default values for event type
and polling interval will be used.
kcalarm -a -t 90 -n email:email@example.com: any
Add an alarm for the nproc kernel tunable with a threshold of 65%,
repeat event type, polling interval of five minutes, with an email
notification target of firstname.lastname@example.org.
kcalarm -a -t 65 -e repeat -i 5 -n email:email@example.com: nproc
Delete the alarm added in the above example. The kcalarm command will
confirm this request since the -F wasn't specified.
kcalarm -d -t 65 -e repeat -i 5 -n email:firstname.lastname@example.org: nproc
Force the deletion of ALL nproc alarms.
kcalarm -d -F nproc
List all of the alarms for the max_thread_proc kernel tunable.
Turn off kernel tunable monitoring.
kcalarm -m off
AUTHORS [Toc] [Back]
kcalarm was developed by Hewlett-Packard.
FILES [Toc] [Back]
Log file for EMS clients, including
kcalarm. Any errors are logged here.
SEE ALSO [Toc] [Back]
kcweb(1M), kcusage(1M), kcmond(1M) ems(5)
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