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 getty(1M)                                                         getty(1M)

 NAME    [Toc]    [Back]
      getty  - set terminal type, modes, speed, and line discipline

 SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]
      /usr/sbin/getty [-h] [-t timeout] line [speed [type [linedesc]]]

      /usr/sbin/getty -c file

 DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]
      getty is a program that is invoked by init(1M).  It is the second
      process in the series, (init-getty-login-shell) that ultimately
      connects a user with the HP-UX system.  Initially, if /etc/issue
      exists, getty prints its contents to the user's terminal, followed by
      the login message field for the entry it is using from /etc/gettydefs.
      getty reads the user's login name and invokes the login(1) command
      with the user's name as argument.  While reading the name, getty
      attempts to adapt the system to the speed and type of terminal being

    Configuration Options and Arguments    [Toc]    [Back]
      getty recognizes the following arguments:

           line        Name of a tty line in /dev to which getty is to
                       attach itself.  getty uses this string as the name of
                       a file in the /dev directory to open for reading and
                       writing.  By default getty forces a hangup on the
                       line by setting the speed to zero before setting the
                       speed to the default or specified speed.  However,
                       when getty is run on a direct port, getty does not
                       force a hangup on the line since the driver ignores
                       changes to zero speed on ports open in direct mode
                       (see modem(7)).

           -h          Tells getty not to force a hangup on the line before
                       setting the speed to the default or specified speed.

           -t timeout  getty exits if the open on the line succeeds and no
                       one types anything within timeout seconds.

           speed       A label to a speed and tty definition in the file
                       /etc/gettydefs.  This definition tells getty at what
                       speed to initially run, what the login message should
                       look like, what the initial tty settings are, and
                       what speed to try next should the user indicate that
                       the speed is inappropriate (by typing a break
                       character).  The default speed is 300 baud.

           type        A character string describing to getty what type of
                       terminal is connected to the line in question.  getty
                       understands the following types:

 Hewlett-Packard Company            - 1 -   HP-UX 11i Version 2: August 2003

 getty(1M)                                                         getty(1M)

                            none    default
                            vt61    DEC vt61
                            vt100   DEC vt100
                            hp45    Hewlett-Packard HP2645
                            c100    Concept 100

                       The default terminal is none; i.e., any crt or normal
                       terminal unknown to the system.  Also, for terminal
                       type to have any meaning, the virtual terminal
                       handlers must be compiled into the operating system.
                       They are available, but not compiled in the default

           linedesc    A character string describing which line discipline
                       to use when communicating with the terminal.  Hooks
                       for line disciplines are available in the operating
                       system, but there is only one presently available -
                       the default line discipline, LDISC0.

      When given no optional arguments, getty sets the speed of the
      interface to 300 baud, specifies that raw mode is to be used (awaken
      on every character), that echo is to be suppressed, either parity
      allowed, new-line characters will be converted to carriage return-line
      feed, and tab expansion performed on the standard output.  It types
      the login message before reading the user's name a character at a
      time.  If a null character (or framing error) is received, it is
      assumed to be the result of the user pushing the ``break'' key.  This
      causes getty to attempt the next speed in the series.  The series that
      getty tries is determined by what it finds in /etc/gettydefs.

      The user's name is terminated by a new-line or carriage-return
      character.  The latter results in the system being set to treat
      carriage returns appropriately (see ioctl(2)).

      The user's name is scanned to see if it contains any lowercase
      alphabetic characters; if not, and if the name is non-empty, the
      system is told to map any future uppercase characters into the
      corresponding lowercase characters.

      getty also understands the ``standard'' ESS2 protocols for erasing,
      killing and aborting a line, and terminating a line.  If getty sees
      the ESS erase character, _, or kill character, $, or abort character,
      &, or the ESS line terminators, / or !, it arranges for this set of
      characters to be used for these functions.

      Finally, login is called with the user's name as an argument.
      Additional arguments can be typed after the login name.  These are
      passed to login, which places them in the environment (see login(1)).

    Check Option    [Toc]    [Back]
      A check option is provided.  When getty is invoked with the -c option

 Hewlett-Packard Company            - 2 -   HP-UX 11i Version 2: August 2003

 getty(1M)                                                         getty(1M)

      and file, it scans file as if scanning /etc/gettydefs and prints the
      results on the standard output.  If there are any unrecognized modes
      or improperly constructed entries, getty reports these.  If the
      entries are correct, getty prints out the values of the various flags.
      See ioctl(2) for an interpretation of values.  Note that some values
      are added to the flags automatically.

 DEPENDENCIES    [Toc]    [Back]
    HP2334 MultiMux:
      The modem control parameter MRTS must be present in the /etc/gettydefs
      file when using getty in conjunction with an HP2334 or HP2335 MultiMux
      to ensure that the RTS modem control signal is asserted correctly.


           9600# B9600 HUPCL PARENB MRTS # B9600 SANE PARENB ISTRIP IXANY #login: #19200

      MRTS is not intended for use with devices other than the HP2334 or
      HP2335 MultiMux.

 FILES    [Toc]    [Back]

 SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]
      ct(1), login(1), init(1M), ioctl(2), gettydefs(4), inittab(4),
      modem(7), termio(7).

 BUGS    [Toc]    [Back]
      While getty does understand simple single character quoting
      conventions, it is not possible to quote the special control
      characters that getty uses to determine when the end of the line has
      been reached, which protocol is being used, and what the erase
      character is.  Therefore it is not possible to log in by means of
      getty and type a #, @, /, !, _, backspace, ^U, ^D, or & as part of
      your login name or arguments.  They will always be interpreted as
      having their special meaning as described above.

 Hewlett-Packard Company            - 3 -   HP-UX 11i Version 2: August 2003
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