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 fastmail(1)                                                     fastmail(1)




 NAME    [Toc]    [Back]
      fastmail - quick batch mail interface

 SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]
      fastmail [-b bcc-list] [-c cc-list] [-C comments] [-f from-name]
           [-F from-addr] [-i in-reply-to] [-r reply-to] [-R references]
           [-s subject] filename address-list

 DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]
      The fastmail command is a simple interface to the mail system that
      allows you to send a message without the overhead of an interactive
      mailer.  It is particularly efficient in batch-processing mail to very
      large groups of people.

      All addresses should be full e-mail addresses, sendmail aliases in the
      /etc/mail/aliases file, or local login names.

    Options    [Toc]    [Back]
      fastmail recognizes the following options:

           -b bcc-list    Include a Bcc: header entry.  Send blind carbon
                          copies to the comma-separated list of addresses in
                          bcc-list.

           -c cc-list     Include a Cc: header entry.  Send carbon copies to
                          the comma-separated list of addresses in cc-list.

           -C comments    Include a Comments: header entry with the string
                          value comments.

           -d             Debug.  Display information on processing steps.

           -f from-name   Replace the user name in the From: header entry
                          with from-name.

                          If the user is x@y, and the user name is MrX, then
                          the default From: line is:

                          From: x@y (MrX) .

                          The option -f Joe changes it to:

                          From: x@y (Joe)

           -F from-addr   Replace the address in the From: header entry with
                          from-addr.  In the -f example above, -F a@b
                          changes the original entry to

                          From: a@b (MrX)





 Hewlett-Packard Company            - 1 -   HP-UX 11i Version 2: August 2003






 fastmail(1)                                                     fastmail(1)




           -i in-reply-to Include the In-Reply-To: header entry with the
                          string value in-reply-to.  This is usually used to
                          identify a message that you are replying to.

           -r replyto     Include the Reply-To: header entry with the single
                          address given in replyto.  This is the address
                          where replies will usually be sent, instead of to
                          the address given in the From: header entry, very
                          common with mailing lists.

           -R references  Include a References: header entry containing the
                          string value references.

           -s subject     Include a Subject: header entry containing the
                          value subject.  If this option is omitted, the
                          message is sent without a subject entry.

    Operands    [Toc]    [Back]
      fastmail recognizes the following operands:

           address-list   A list of one or more blank-separated addresses
                          for the To: header line.  These are the principal
                          recipients of the message.

           filename       Either the name of a file containing the message,
                          or a dash (-) to read from standard input.

 EXAMPLES    [Toc]    [Back]
    A Fully Specified Command
      This command has every option specified.

           fastmail \
               -b "bcc1,bcc2,bcc3,bcc4" \
               -C "Just a Comment" \
               -c "cc1,cc2,cc3,cc4" \
               -d \
               -F me@anotherhost.com \
               -f My Name \
               -i "Your recent message" \
               -R REF:13579 \
               -r oscar \
               -s "Testing fastmail" \
               message-file \
               addr1 addr2 addr3 addr4

      The online execution displays the following debug messages:

           Mailing to addr1,addr2,addr3,addr4 cc1,cc2,cc3,cc4 bcc1,bcc2,bcc
           3,bcc4 [via sendmail]
           cat /tmp/fastmail.5578 message-file | /usr/sbin/sendmail addr1,a
           ddr2,addr3,addr4 cc1,cc2,cc3,cc4 bcc1,bcc2,bcc3,bcc4



 Hewlett-Packard Company            - 2 -   HP-UX 11i Version 2: August 2003






 fastmail(1)                                                     fastmail(1)




      The received message has the following relevant header entries:

           From realsender@mycomputer.myhost.com Tue Oct 22 21:14:04 EDT 1996
           Subject: Testing fastmail
           From: me@anotherhost.com (My Name)
           Reply-To: oscar@mycomputer.myhost.com
           To: addr1@mycomputer.myhost.com, addr2@mycomputer.myhost.com,
                   addr3@mycomputer.myhost.com, addr4@mycomputer.myhost.com
           Cc: cc1@mycomputer.myhost.com, cc2@mycomputer.myhost.com,
                   cc3@mycomputer.myhost.com, cc4@mycomputer.myhost.com
           References: REF:13579
           In-Reply-To: Your recent message
           Comments: Just a Comment

      The Bcc: header entry is not transmitted.

    A Batch Process    [Toc]    [Back]
      Suppose you are user big on machine big-machine and you have a shell
      script named batch-mail that contains the following lines:

           #
           # Batch Mail - batch mailing of a file to a LOT of users
           #
           # Usage: batch-mail "<from>" "<subject>" <filename>

           sender_copy=$LOGIN
           replyto=The-Mr-Big-list

           fastmail -b $sender_copy -r $replyto -f "$1" -s "$2" $3 person1
           sleep 10
           fastmail -r $replyto -f "$1" -s "$2" $3 person2
           sleep 10
           fastmail -r $replyto -f "$1" -s "$2" $3 person3
           sleep 10
           fastmail -r $replyto -f "$1" -s "$2" $3 person4

      The command:

           batch-mail "Mr. Big" "Warning to all" warning.text

      would mail a copy of the warning.text file to person1, person2,
      person3, and person4, staggered ten seconds apart.

      $LOGIN would also silently receive a copy of the first message in the
      mail.  Each resultant message would include the header lines:

           From: big@big-machine (Mr. Big)
           Subject: Warning to all
           Reply-To: The-Mr-Big-list





 Hewlett-Packard Company            - 3 -   HP-UX 11i Version 2: August 2003






 fastmail(1)                                                     fastmail(1)




 FILES    [Toc]    [Back]
      /etc/mail/aliases             sendmail aliases file.
      /usr/sbin/sendmail            Mail transport agent.
      /tmp/fastmail.pid             Temporary file.

 AUTHOR    [Toc]    [Back]
      fastmail was developed by HP.

 SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]
      elm(1), sendmail(1M).

      RFC 822   "Standard for the Format of Internet Text Messages"


 Hewlett-Packard Company            - 4 -   HP-UX 11i Version 2: August 2003
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