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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     mdmfs, mount_mfs -- configure and mount an in-memory file system using
     the md(4) driver

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     mdmfs [-DLMNSUX] [-a maxcontig] [-b block-size] [-c cylinders]
	   [-d rotdelay] [-e maxbpg] [-F file] [-f frag-size] [-i bytes]
	   [-m percent-free] [-n rotational-positions] [-O optimization]
	   [-o mount-options] [-p permissions] [-s size] [-v version]
	   [-w user:group] md-device mount-point
     mdmfs -C [-NU] [-a maxcontig] [-b block-size] [-c cylinders]
	   [-d rotdelay] [-e maxbpg] [-F file] [-f frag-size] [-i bytes]
	   [-m percent-free] [-n rotational-positions] [-O optimization]
	   [-o mount-options] [-s size] [-v version] md-device mount-point

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     The mdmfs utility is designed to be a work-alike and look-alike of the
     deprecated mount_mfs(8).  The end result is essentially the same, but is
     accomplished in a completely different way.  The mdmfs utility configures
     an md(4) disk using mdconfig(8), puts a UFS file system on it using
     newfs(8), and mounts it using mount(8).  All the command line options are
     passed to the appropriate program at the appropriate stage in order to
     achieve the desired effect.

     By default, mdmfs creates a swap-based (MD_SWAP) disk with soft-updates
     enabled and mounts it on mount-point.  It uses the md(4) device specified
     by md-device.  If md-device is `md' (no unit number), it will use md(4)'s
     auto-unit feature to automatically select an unused device.  Unless otherwise
 specified with one of the options below, it uses the default arguments
 to all the helper programs.

     The following options are available.  Where possible, the option letter
     matches the one used by mount_mfs(8) for the same thing.

     -a maxcontig
	     Specify the maximum number of contiguous blocks that will be laid
	     out before forcing a rotational delay (see the -d option).

     -b block-size
	     The block size of the file system, in bytes.

     -C      Enable full compatibility mode with mount_mfs(8).	See the
	     COMPATIBILITY section for more information.

     -c cylinders
	     The number of cylinders per cylinder group in the file system.

     -D      If not using auto-unit, do not run mdconfig(8) to try to detach
	     the unit before attaching it.

     -d rotdelay
	     Specify the minimum time in milliseconds required to initiate
	     another disk transfer on the same cylinder.  Modern disks with
	     read/write-behind achieve higher performance without this feature,
 so it is best to leave it at 0 milliseconds.

     -e maxbpg
	     Indicate the maximum number of blocks any single file can allocate
 out of a cylinder group before it is forced to begin allocating
 blocks from another cylinder group.

     -F file
	     Create a vnode-backed (MD_VNODE) memory disk backed by file.

     -f frag-size
	     The fragment size of the file system in bytes.

     -i bytes
	     Number of bytes per inode.

     -L      Show the output of the helper programs.  By default, it is sent
	     to /dev/null.

     -M      Create a malloc(9) backed disk (MD_MALLOC) instead of a swapbacked

     -m percent-free
	     The percentage of space reserved for the superuser.

     -N      Do not actually run the helper programs.  This is most useful in
	     conjunction with -X.

     -n rotational-positions
	     The default number of rotational positions to distinguish.

     -O optimization
	     Select the optimization preference; valid choices are space and
	     time, which will optimize for minimum space fragmentation and
	     minimum time spent allocating blocks, respectively.

     -o mount-options
	     Specify the mount options with which to mount the file system.
	     See mount(8) for more information.

     -p permissions
	     Set the file (directory) permissions of the mount point
	     mount-point to permissions.  The permissions argument can be in
	     any of the mode formats recognized by chmod(1).  If symbolic permissions
 are specified, the operation characters ``+'' and ``-''
	     are interpreted relative to the initial permissions of ``a=rwx''.

     -S      Do not enable soft-updates on the file system.

     -s size
	     Specify the size of the disk to create.  This only makes sense if
	     -F is not specified.  That is, this will work for the default
	     swap-backed (MD_SWAP) disks, and the optional (-M) malloc(9)
	     backed disks (MD_MALLOC).

     -U      Enable soft-updates on the file system.  This is the default,
	     even in compatibility mode, and is accepted only for compatibility.
  It is only really useful to negate the -S flag, should such
	     a need occur.

     -v version
	     Specify the UFS version number for use on the file system; it may
	     be either 1 or 2.	The default is derived from the default of the
	     newfs(8) command.

     -w user:group
	     Set the owner and group to user and group, respectively.  The
	     arguments have the same semantics as with chown(8), but specifying
 just a user or just a group is not supported.

     -X      Print what command will be run before running it, and other
	     assorted debugging information.

     The -F and -s options are passed to mdconfig(8) as -f and -s, respectively.
  The -a, -b, -c, -d, -e, -f, -i, -m and -n options are passed to
     newfs(8) with the same letter; the -O option is passed to newfs(8) as -o.
     The -o option is passed to mount(8) with the same letter.	See the programs
 that the options are passed to for more information on their semantics.

EXAMPLES    [Toc]    [Back]

     Create and mount a 32 megabyte swap-backed file system on /tmp:

	   mdmfs -s 32m md /tmp

     The same file system created as an entry in /etc/fstab:

	   md /tmp mfs rw,-s32m 2 0

     Create and mount a 16 megabyte malloc-backed file system on /tmp using
     the /dev/md1 device; furthermore, do not use soft-updates on it and mount
     it async:

	   mdmfs -M -S -o async -s 16m md1 /tmp

COMPATIBILITY    [Toc]    [Back]

     The mdmfs utility, while designed to be fully compatible with
     mount_mfs(8), can be useful by itself.  Since mount_mfs(8) had some silly
     defaults, a ``full compatibility'' mode is provided for the case where
     bug-to-bug compatibility is desired.

     Full compatibility is enabled with the -C flag, or by starting mdmfs with
     the name mount_mfs or mfs (as returned by getprogname(3)).  In this mode,
     only the options which would be accepted by mount_mfs(8) are valid.  Furthermore,
 the following behavior, as done by mount_mfs(8), is duplicated:

	   +o   The file mode of mount-point is set to 01777 as if -p 1777 was
	       given on the command line.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     md(4), fstab(5), mdconfig(8), mount(8), newfs(8)

AUTHORS    [Toc]    [Back]

     Dima Dorfman

FreeBSD 5.2.1			August 5, 2001			 FreeBSD 5.2.1
[ Back ]
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