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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     udp -- Internet User Datagram Protocol

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/socket.h>
     #include <netinet/in.h>

     socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     UDP is a simple, unreliable datagram protocol which is used to support
     the SOCK_DGRAM abstraction for the Internet protocol family.  UDP sockets
     are connectionless, and are normally used with the sendto(2) and
     recvfrom(2) calls, though the connect(2) call may also be used to fix the
     destination for future packets (in which case the recv(2) or read(2) and
     send(2) or write(2) system calls may be used).

     UDP address formats are identical to those used by TCP.  In particular
     UDP provides a port identifier in addition to the normal Internet address
     format.  Note that the UDP port space is separate from the TCP port space
     (i.e. a UDP port may not be ``connected'' to a TCP port).	In addition
     broadcast packets may be sent (assuming the underlying network supports
     this) by using a reserved ``broadcast address''; this address is network
     interface dependent.

     Options at the IP transport level may be used with UDP; see ip(4).

ERRORS    [Toc]    [Back]

     A socket operation may fail with one of the following errors returned:

     [EISCONN]		when trying to establish a connection on a socket
			which already has one, or when trying to send a datagram
 with the destination address specified and the
			socket is already connected;

     [ENOTCONN] 	when trying to send a datagram, but no destination
			address is specified, and the socket hasn't been connected;

     [ENOBUFS]		when the system runs out of memory for an internal
			data structure;

     [EADDRINUSE]	when an attempt is made to create a socket with a port
			which has already been allocated;

     [EADDRNOTAVAIL]	when an attempt is made to create a socket with a network
 address for which no network interface exists.

MIB VARIABLES    [Toc]    [Back]

     The udp protocol implements a number of variables in the net.inet branch
     of the sysctl(3) MIB.

     UDPCTL_CHECKSUM	(udp.checksum) Enable udp checksums (enabled by

     UDPCTL_MAXDGRAM	(udp.maxdgram) Maximum outgoing UDP datagram size

     UDPCTL_RECVSPACE	(udp.recvspace) Maximum space for incoming UDP datagrams

     udp.log_in_vain	For all udp datagrams, to ports on which there is no
			socket listening, log the connection attempt (disabled
			by default).

     udp.blackhole	When a datagram is received on a port where there is
			no socket listening, do not return an ICMP port
			unreachable message.  (Disabled by default.  See

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     getsockopt(2), recv(2), send(2), socket(2), blackhole(4), inet(4),
     intro(4), ip(4)

HISTORY    [Toc]    [Back]

     The udp protocol appeared in 4.2BSD.

FreeBSD 5.2.1			 June 5, 1993			 FreeBSD 5.2.1
[ Back ]
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