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  man pages->FreeBSD man pages -> ipsec_dump_policy (3)              



NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     ipsec_set_policy, ipsec_get_policylen, ipsec_dump_policy -- manipulate
     IPsec policy specification structure from readable string

LIBRARY    [Toc]    [Back]

     IPsec Policy Control Library (libipsec, -lipsec)

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     #include <netinet6/ipsec.h>

     char *
     ipsec_set_policy(char *policy, int len);

     ipsec_get_policylen(char *buf);

     char *
     ipsec_dump_policy(char *buf, char *delim);

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     The ipsec_set_policy() function generates IPsec policy specification
     structure, namely struct sadb_x_policy and/or struct sadb_x_ipsecrequest
     from human-readable policy specification.	Policy specification must be
     given as C string policy and length len of policy.  The
     ipsec_set_policy() function will return the buffer of IPsec policy specification
 structure.  The buffer is dynamically allocated, and must be
     freed by the caller by calling free(3).

     You may want the length of the generated buffer such when calling
     setsockopt(2).  The ipsec_get_policylen() function will return the

     The ipsec_dump_policy() function converts IPsec policy structure into
     readable form.  Therefore, ipsec_dump_policy() can be regarded as inverse
     conversion of ipsec_set_policy().	buf points to an IPsec policy structure,
 struct sadb_x_policy.  delim is a delimiter string, which is usually
 a blank character.  If you set delim to NULL, single whitespace is
     assumed.  The ipsec_dump_policy() function returns a pointer to dynamically
 allocated string.  It is caller's responsibility to reclaim the
     region, by using free(3).

     policy is formatted as either of the following:

     direction discard
	      direction must be in or out.  direction specifies which direction
 the policy needs to be applied.  With discard policy, packets
 will be dropped if they match the policy.

     direction entrust
	      entrust means to consult to SPD defined by setkey(8).

     direction bypass
	      bypass means to be bypassed the IPsec processing.  (packet will
	      be transmitted in clear).  This is for privileged socket.

     direction ipsec request ...
	      ipsec means that the matching packets are subject to IPsec processing.
	ipsec can be followed by one or more request string,
	      which is formatted as below:

	      protocol / mode / src - dst [/level]
		       protocol is either ah, esp or ipcomp.

		       mode is either transport or tunnel.

		       src and dst specifies IPsec endpoint.  src always means
		       ``sending node'' and dst always means ``receiving
		       node''.	Therefore, when direction is in, dst is this
		       node and src is the other node (peer).  If mode is
		       transport, Both src and dst can be omitted.

		       level must be set to one of the following: default,
		       use, require or unique.	default means that the kernel
		       should consult the system default policy defined by
		       sysctl(8), such as net.inet.ipsec.esp_trans_deflev.
		       See ipsec(4) regarding the system default.  use means
		       that a relevant SA can be used when available, since
		       the kernel may perform IPsec operation against packets
		       when possible.  In this case, packets can be transmitted
 in clear (when SA is not available), or encrypted
		       (when SA is available).	require means that a relevant
		       SA is required, since the kernel must perform IPsec
		       operation against packets.  unique is the same as
		       require, but adds the restriction that the SA for outbound
 traffic is used only for this policy.  You may
		       need the identifier in order to relate the policy and
		       the SA when you define the SA by manual keying.	You
		       can put the decimal number as the identifier after
		       unique like unique: number.  number must be between 1
		       and 32767 .  If the request string is kept unambiguous,
		       level and slash prior to level can be omitted.  However,
 it is encouraged to specify them explicitly to
		       avoid unintended behaviors.  If level is omitted, it
		       will be interpreted as default.

     Note that there is a bit difference of specification from setkey(8).  In
     specification by setkey(8), both entrust and bypass are not used.	Refer
     to setkey(8) for detail.

     Here are several examples (long lines are wrapped for readability):

	   in discard
	   out ipsec esp/transport//require
	   in ipsec ah/transport//require
	   out ipsec esp/tunnel/
	   in ipsec ipcomp/transport//use

RETURN VALUES    [Toc]    [Back]

     The ipsec_set_policy() function returns a pointer to the allocated buffer
     of policy specification if successful; otherwise a NULL pointer is
     returned.	The ipsec_get_policylen() function returns with positive value
     (meaning the buffer size) on success, and negative value on errors.  The
     ipsec_dump_policy() function returns a pointer to dynamically allocated
     region on success, and NULL on errors.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     ipsec_strerror(3), ipsec(4), setkey(8)

HISTORY    [Toc]    [Back]

     The functions first appeared in WIDE/KAME IPv6 protocol stack kit.

     IPv6 and IPsec support based on the KAME Project (http://www.kame.net/)
     stack was initially integrated into FreeBSD 4.0

FreeBSD 5.2.1			  May 5, 1998			 FreeBSD 5.2.1
[ Back ]
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