getifaddrs -- get interface addresses
getifaddrs(struct ifaddrs **ifap);
freeifaddrs(struct ifaddrs *ifp);
The getifaddrs() function stores a reference to a linked list of the network
interfaces on the local machine in the memory referenced by ifap.
The list consists of ifaddrs structures, as defined in the include file
<ifaddrs.h>. The ifaddrs structure contains at least the following
struct ifaddrs *ifa_next; /* Pointer to next struct */
char *ifa_name; /* Interface name */
u_int ifa_flags; /* Interface flags */
struct sockaddr *ifa_addr; /* Interface address */
struct sockaddr *ifa_netmask; /* Interface netmask */
struct sockaddr *ifa_broadaddr; /* Interface broadcast address */
struct sockaddr *ifa_dstaddr; /* P2P interface destination */
void *ifa_data; /* Address specific data */
The ifa_next field contains a pointer to the next structure on the list.
This field is NULL in last structure on the list.
The ifa_name field contains the interface name.
The ifa_flags field contains the interface flags, as set by ifconfig(8)
The ifa_addr field references either the address of the interface or the
link level address of the interface, if one exists, otherwise it is NULL.
(The sa_family field of the ifa_addr field should be consulted to determine
the format of the ifa_addr address.)
The ifa_netmask field references the netmask associated with ifa_addr, if
one is set, otherwise it is NULL.
The ifa_broadaddr field, which should only be referenced for non-P2P
interfaces, references the broadcast address associated with ifa_addr, if
one exists, otherwise it is NULL.
The ifa_dstaddr field references the destination address on a P2P interface,
if one exists, otherwise it is NULL.
The ifa_data field references address family specific data. For AF_LINK
addresses it contains a pointer to the struct if_data (as defined in
include file <net/if.h>) which contains various interface attributes and
statistics. For all other address families, it contains a pointer to the
struct ifa_data (as defined in include file <net/if.h>) which contains
per-address interface statistics.
The data returned by getifaddrs() is dynamically allocated and should be
freed using freeifaddrs() when no longer needed.
The getifaddrs() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise
the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate
The getifaddrs() may fail and set errno for any of the errors specified
for the library routines ioctl(2), socket(2), malloc(3) or sysctl(3).
If both <net/if.h> and <ifaddrs.h> are being included, <net/if.h> must be
included before <ifaddrs.h>.
ioctl(2), socket(2), sysctl(3), networking(4), ifconfig(8)
The getifaddrs implementation first appeared in BSDi BSD/OS.
FreeBSD 5.2.1 October 12, 1995 FreeBSD 5.2.1 [ Back ]