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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     lpr -- off line print

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     lpr [-Pprinter] [-#num] [-C class] [-J job] [-L locale] [-T title]
	 [-U user] [-Z daemon-options] [-i numcols] [-1234 font] [-w num]
	 [-cdfghlnmprstv] [name ...]

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     The lpr utility uses a spooling daemon to print the named files when
     facilities become available.  If no names appear, the standard input is

     The following single letter options are used to notify the line printer
     spooler that the files are not standard text files.  The spooling daemon
     will use the appropriate filters to print the data accordingly.  Note
     that not all spoolers implement filters for all data types, and some
     sites may use these types for other purposes than the ones described

     -d      The files are assumed to contain data in DVI format from the TeX
	     typesetting system.

     -f      Use a filter which interprets the first character of each line as
	     a standard FORTRAN carriage control character.

     -l      Use a filter which allows control characters to be printed and
	     suppresses page breaks.

     -p      Use pr(1) to format the files.

     The following options are historical and not directly supported by any
     software included in FreeBSD.

     -c      The files are assumed to contain data produced by cifplot(1).

     -g      The files are assumed to contain standard plot data as produced
	     by the UNIX plot(3) routines.

     -n      The files are assumed to contain data from ditroff (device independent

     -t      The files are assumed to contain C/A/T phototypesetter commands
	     from ancient versions of UNIX troff(1).

     -v      The files are assumed to contain a raster image for devices like
	     the Benson Varian.

     These options apply to the handling of the print job:

     -P      Force output to a specific printer.  Normally, the default
	     printer is used (site dependent), or the value of the environment
	     variable PRINTER is used.

     -h      Suppress the printing of the burst page.

     -m      Send mail upon completion.

     -r      Remove the file upon completion of spooling or upon completion of
	     printing (with the -s option).

     -s      Use symbolic links.  Usually files are copied to the spool directory.
  The -s option will use symlink(2) to link data files
	     rather than trying to copy them so large files can be printed.
	     This means the files should not be modified or removed until they
	     have been printed.

     The remaining options apply to copies, the page display, and headers:

     -#num   The quantity num is the number of copies desired of each file
	     named.  For example,

		   lpr -#3 foo.c bar.c more.c
	     would result in 3 copies of the file foo.c, followed by 3 copies
	     of the file bar.c, etc.  On the other hand,

		   cat foo.c bar.c more.c | lpr -#3

	     will give three copies of the concatenation of the files.	Often
	     a site will disable this feature to encourage use of a photocopier

     -[1234] font
	     Specifies a font to be mounted on font position i.  The daemon
	     will construct a .railmag file referencing the font pathname.

     -C class
	     Job classification to use on the burst page.  For example,

		   lpr -C EECS foo.c

	     causes the system name (the name returned by hostname(1)) to be
	     replaced on the burst page by EECS, and the file foo.c to be

     -J job  Job name to print on the burst page.  Normally, the first file's
	     name is used.

     -L locale
	     Use locale specified as argument instead of one found in environment.
  (Only effective when filtering through pr(1) is requested
	     using the -p option.)

     -T title
	     Title name for pr(1), instead of the file name.

     -U user
	     User name to print on the burst page, also for accounting purposes.
  This option is only honored if the real user-id is daemon
	     (or that specified in the printcap file instead of daemon), and
	     is intended for those instances where print filters wish to
	     requeue jobs.

     -Z daemon-options
	     Some spoolers, such as LPRng, accept additional per-job options
	     using a `Z' control line.	When -Z is specified, and -p (pr(1))
	     is not requested, the specified daemon-options will be passed to
	     the remote LPRng spooler.

     -i numcols
	     The output is indented by (numcols).

     -w num  Uses num as the page width for pr(1).

ENVIRONMENT    [Toc]    [Back]

     If the following environment variable exists, it is used by lpr:

     PRINTER  Specifies an alternate default printer.

FILES    [Toc]    [Back]

     /etc/passwd	      Personal identification.
     /etc/printcap	      Printer capabilities data base.
     /usr/sbin/lpd	      Line printer daemons.
     /var/spool/output/*      Directories used for spooling.
     /var/spool/output/*/cf*  Daemon control files.
     /var/spool/output/*/df*  Data files specified in "cf" files.
     /var/spool/output/*/tf*  Temporary copies of "cf" files.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     lpq(1), lprm(1), pr(1), symlink(2), printcap(5), lpc(8), lpd(8)

HISTORY    [Toc]    [Back]

     The lpr command appeared in 3BSD.

DIAGNOSTICS    [Toc]    [Back]

     If you try to spool too large a file, it will be truncated.  The lpr
     utility will object to printing binary files.  If a user other than root
     prints a file and spooling is disabled, lpr will print a message saying
     so and will not put jobs in the queue.  If a connection to lpd(8) on the
     local machine cannot be made, lpr will say that the daemon cannot be
     started.  Diagnostics may be printed in the daemon's log file regarding
     missing spool files by lpd(8).

BUGS    [Toc]    [Back]

     Fonts for troff(1) and TeX reside on the host with the printer.  It is
     currently not possible to use local font libraries.

     The `Z' control file line is used for two different purposes; for standard
 FreeBSD lpd(8), it specifies a locale to be passed to pr(1).	For
     LPRng lpd(8), it specifies additional options to be interpreted by the
     spooler's input and output filters.  When submitting jobs via lpr, -p -L
     locale is used in the former context, and -Z daemon-options is used in
     the latter.

FreeBSD 5.2.1			 June 6, 1993			 FreeBSD 5.2.1
[ Back ]
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