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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     fortune - print a random, hopefully interesting, adage

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     fortune [-aefilosw] [-m pattern] [[N%] file/directory/all]

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     When fortune is run with no arguments it prints out a random
     Epigrams  are  divided  into  several categories, where each
category is subdivided
 into those which are potentially offensive and those
which are
     not.  The options are as follows:

     -a     Choose  from  all lists of maxims, both offensive and
not.  (See the
           -o option for more information on offensive fortunes.)

     -e     Consider  all  fortune files to be of equal size (see
discussion below
 on multiple files).

     -f    Print out the list of files which would  be  searched,
but don't
           print a fortune.

     -i    Ignore case for -m patterns.

     -l    Long dictums only.

     -m pattern
           Print out all fortunes which match the regular expression pattern.
           See regex(3) for a description of patterns.

     -o    Choose  only  from  potentially  offensive  aphorisms.
Please, please,
           please  request a potentially offensive fortune if and
only if you
           believe, deep down in your heart, that you are willing
to be of-
           fended.   (And that if you are, you'll just quit using
-o rather
           than give us grief about it, okay?)

                 ... let us keep in mind the basic governing philosophy of The
                 Brotherhood,  as  handsomely summarized in these
words: we believe
 in healthy, hearty laughter -- at the  expense of the
                 whole human race, if needs be.  Needs be.
                             --H. Allen Smith, "Rude Jokes"

     -s    Short apothegms only.

     -w     Wait  before termination for an amount of time calculated from the
           number of characters in the message.  This  is  useful
if it is executed
  as  part  of  the logout procedure to guarantee
that the message
           can be read before the screen is cleared.

     The user may specify alternate sayings.  You can  specify  a
specific file,
     a directory which contains one or more files, or the special
word all,
     which says to use all the standard databases.  Any of  these
may be preceded
 by a percentage, which is a number N between 0 and 100
     followed by a `%' character.  If it is, there will be  an  N
percent probability
 that an adage will be picked from that file or directory.  If the
     percentages do not sum to 100, and there are  specifications
without percentages,
  the  remaining  percent will apply to those files
and/or directories,
 in which case the probability of selecting from one of
them will be
     based on their relative sizes.

     As an example, given two databases funny and not-funny, with
funny twice
     as big, saying

           $ fortune funny not-funny

     will get you fortunes out of funny two-thirds of  the  time.
The command

           $ fortune 90% funny 10% not-funny

     will pick out 90% of its fortunes from funny (the ``10%'' is
     since 10% is all that's left).  The -e option says  to  consider all files
     equal; thus

           $ fortune -e

     is equivalent to

           $ fortune 50% funny 50% not-funny

     Datafiles  for  fortune  are  created  by  a  utility called
strfile.  Although
     not installed by default, the source code and a manual  page
for this
     utility  can be found in /usr/src/games/fortune/strfile/, if
it exists.

FILES    [Toc]    [Back]

     /usr/share/games/fortune/*    Fortune files.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     regex(3), random(6), rot13(6)

OpenBSD     3.6                          April      19,      1994
[ Back ]
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