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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

       getmouse,  ungetmouse,  mousemask,  wenclose, mouse_trafo,
       wmouse_trafo,  mouseinterval  -  mouse  interface  through

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

       #include <curses.h>

       typedef unsigned long mmask_t;

       typedef struct
           short  id;          /*  ID  to  distinguish   multiple
devices */
           int x, y, z;      /* event coordinates */
           mmask_t bstate;   /* button state bits */
       int getmouse(MEVENT *event);
       int ungetmouse(MEVENT *event);
       mmask_t mousemask(mmask_t newmask, mmask_t *oldmask);
       bool wenclose(WINDOW *win, int y, int x);
       bool mouse_trafo(int* pY, int* pX, bool to_screen);
       bool wmouse_trafo(const WINDOW* win, int* pY, int* pX,
            bool to_screen);
       int mouseinterval(int erval);

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

       These  functions provide an interface to mouse events from
       curses(3).  Mouse  events  are  represented  by  KEY_MOUSE
       pseudo-key values in the wgetch input stream.

       To  make mouse events visible, use the mousemask function.
       This will  set  the  mouse  events  to  be  reported.   By
       default,  no mouse events are reported.  The function will
       return a mask to indicate which  of  the  specified  mouse
       events  can be reported; on complete failure it returns 0.
       If oldmask is non-NULL, this function fills the  indicated
       location  with  the  previous  value of the given window's
       mouse event mask.

       As a side effect, setting a zero mousemask  may  turn  off
       the  mouse pointer; setting a nonzero mask may turn it on.
       Whether this happens is device-dependent.

       Here are the mouse event type masks:

       Name                     Description
       BUTTON1_PRESSED          mouse button 1 down
       BUTTON1_RELEASED         mouse button 1 up
       BUTTON1_CLICKED          mouse button 1 clicked
       BUTTON1_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 1 double clicked
       BUTTON1_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 1 triple clicked
       BUTTON2_PRESSED          mouse button 2 down
       BUTTON2_RELEASED         mouse button 2 up
       BUTTON2_CLICKED          mouse button 2 clicked
       BUTTON2_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 2 double clicked
       BUTTON2_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 2 triple clicked
       BUTTON3_PRESSED          mouse button 3 down
       BUTTON3_RELEASED         mouse button 3 up
       BUTTON3_CLICKED          mouse button 3 clicked
       BUTTON3_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 3 double clicked
       BUTTON3_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 3 triple clicked
       BUTTON4_PRESSED          mouse button 4 down
       BUTTON4_RELEASED         mouse button 4 up
       BUTTON4_CLICKED          mouse button 4 clicked
       BUTTON4_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 4 double clicked
       BUTTON4_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 4 triple clicked
       BUTTON_SHIFT              shift  was  down  during  button
state change
       BUTTON_CTRL              control was  down  during  button
state change
       BUTTON_ALT                alt was down during button state
       ALL_MOUSE_EVENTS         report all button state changes
       REPORT_MOUSE_POSITION    report mouse movement

       Once a class of mouse events have been made visible  in  a
       window,  calling  the  wgetch  function on that window may
       return KEY_MOUSE as an indicator that a  mouse  event  has
       been queued.  To read the event data and pop the event off
       the queue, call getmouse.  This function will return OK if
       a mouse event is actually visible in the given window, ERR
       otherwise.  When getmouse returns OK, the  data  deposited
       as  y  and  x  in  the event structure coordinates will be
       screen-relative character-cell coordinates.  The  returned
       state  mask  will have exactly one bit set to indicate the
       event type.

       The ungetmouse function behaves  analogously  to  ungetch.
       It  pushes  a  KEY_MOUSE  event  onto the input queue, and
       associates with  that  event  the  given  state  data  and
       screen-relative character-cell coordinates.

       The  wenclose  function  tests  whether  a  given  pair of
       screen-relative character-cell coordinates is enclosed  by
       a  given  window, returning TRUE if it is and FALSE otherwise.
  It is useful for determining  what  subset  of  the
       screen windows enclose the location of a mouse event.

       The wmouse_trafo function transforms a given pair of coordinates
 from stdscr-relative coordinates  to  screen-relative
  coordinates  or  vice  versa.  Please remember, that
       stdscr-relative coordinates are not  always  identical  to
       screen-relative   coordinates  due  to  the  mechanism  to
       reserve lines on top or bottom of  the  screen  for  other
       purposes  (ripoff() call, see also slk_...  functions). If
       the parameter to_screen is TRUE, the pointers pY, pX  must
       reference  the coordinates of a location inside the window
       win. They are converted to screen-relative coordinates and
       returned  through the pointers. If the conversion was successful,
 the function returns TRUE. If one of the  parameters
  was  NULL  or the location is not inside the window,
       FALSE is returned. If to_screen is FALSE, the pointers pY,
       pX  must  reference  screen-relative coordinates. They are
       converted to stdscr-relative coordinates if the window win
       encloses  this  point.  In  this case the function returns
       TRUE. If one of the parameters is NULL or the point is not
       inside  the window, FALSE is returned. Please notice, that
       the referenced coordinates are only replaced by  the  converted
 coordinates if the transformation was successful.

       The mouseinterval function sets the maximum time (in thousands
 of a second)  that  can  elapse  between  press  and
       release  events  in  order  for them to be recognized as a
       click.  This function returns the previous interval value.
       The default is one fifth of a second.

       Note  that  mouse  events will be ignored when input is in
       cooked mode, and will cause an error beep when cooked mode
       is  being simulated in a window by a function such as get-
       str that expects a linefeed for input-loop termination.

RETURN VALUE    [Toc]    [Back]

       getmouse, ungetmouse and mouseinterval return the  integer
       ERR  upon failure or OK upon successful completion. mouse-
       mask returns the mask of reportable events.  wenclose  and
       wmouse_trafo are boolean functions returning TRUE or FALSE
       depending on their test result.

PORTABILITY    [Toc]    [Back]

       These calls were designed for ncurses, and are  not  found
       in  SVr4 curses, 4.4BSD curses, or any other previous version
 of curses.

       The feature macro NCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION is provided so the
       preprocessor  can  be  used to test whether these features
       are present  (its  value  is  1).   If  the  interface  is
       changed, the value of NCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION will be incremented.

       The order of the MEVENT structure members is  not  guaranteed.
   Additional fields may be added to the structure in
       the future.

       Under ncurses, these calls are  implemented  using  either
       xterm's built-in mouse-tracking API or Alessandro Rubini's
       gpm server.  If you are using something other  than  xterm
       and  there is no gpm daemon running on your machine, mouse
       events will not be visible to curses(3) (and  the  wmouse-
       mask function will always return 0).

       The z member in the event structure is not presently used.
       It is intended for use with touch screens  (which  may  be
       pressure-sensitive)   or   with   3D-mice/trackballs/power

BUGS    [Toc]    [Back]

       Mouse events under xterm will not in fact be ignored  during
  cooked mode, if they have been enabled by wmousemask.
       Instead, the xterm mouse report sequence  will  appear  in
       the string read.

       Mouse events under xterm will not be detected correctly in
       a window with its keypad bit off, since  they  are  interpreted
  as  a  variety  of  function  key.   Your terminfo
       description must have kmous set to " (the  beginning
       of the response from xterm for mouse clicks).

       Because  there  are  no  standard  terminal responses that
       would serve to identify terminals which support the  xterm
       mouse  protocol,  ncurses  assumes  that  if your $DISPLAY
       environment variable is set, and kmous is defined  in  the
       terminal  description,  then  the  terminal may send mouse

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

[ Back ]
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