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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     spell - find spelling errors

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     spell [-biltvx] [-d list] [-h spellhist] [-m m | s | e | a |
l] [-s stop]
           [+extra_list] [file ...]

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     spell collects words from the named documents and looks them
up in a
     spelling list.  Words  that  neither  occur  among  nor  are
derivable (by applying
 certain inflections, prefixes or suffixes) from words
in the
     spelling list are printed on the standard output.

     If no files are named, words are collected from the standard
     spell  ignores most troff(1), tbl(1), eqn(1) and pic(1) constructions.
     Copies of all output may be accumulated in the history file,
if one is

     By default, spell (like deroff(1)) follows chains of included files
     (`.so' and `.nx' commands).

     The default spelling list is based on Webster's  Second  International dictionary
 and should be fairly complete.  Words that appear in
the ``stop
     list'' are immediately flagged as  misspellings,  regardless
of whether or
     not  they exist in one of the word lists.  This helps filter
out misspellings
 (e.g. thier=thy-y+ier) that would otherwise  pass.
  the british file is also used as a stop list unless the
-b option is

     Site administrators may add words to the local word list,
     /usr/local/share/dict/words or the local stop list,

     All word (and stop) lists must be  sorted  in  lexigraphical
order with case
     folded.   The  simplest way to achieve this is to use ``sort
-df''.  If the
     word files are incorrectly sorted, spell will not be able to
operate correctly.

     The options are as follows:

     -b       Check British spelling.  Besides preferring centre,
             speciality, travelled, etc., this option insists upon -ise in
             words  like  standardise,  Fowler and the OED to the
             notwithstanding.  In this mode, American variants of
words are
             added to the stop list.

     -i       Instruct  deroff(1)  to ignore `.so' and `.nx' commands.

     -l      Use delatex instead of deroff(1) if it is present on
the system.

     -t       Use  detex instead of deroff(1) if it is present on
the system.

     -v      Print all words not literally in the  spelling  list
in addition to
             plausible derivations from spelling list words.

     -x      Print every plausible stem, prefixed with `='.

     -d word_list
             Use  the  specified word list instead of the default
system word
             list.  The word list must  be  sorted  as  specified

     -h spellhist
             Store  misspelled  words  in  the  specified history
file.  The output
             of who -m is appended to the history file after  the
list of misspelled

     -m       Enable  support for common troff(1) macro packages;
this option is
             passed verbatim to deroff(1).  The -m  option  takes
the following

             a       recognize man(7) macros.

             e       recognize me(7) macros.

             m       recognize me(7) macros.

             s       recognize me(7) macros.

             l        recognize  mm(7)  macros  and  delete mm(7)

     -s stop_list
             Use the specified stop list instead of  the  default
system stop
             list.   The  stop  list  must be sorted as specified

             Use extra_list in addition to the default word list.
The extra
             word list must be sorted as specified above.

FILES    [Toc]    [Back]

     /usr/share/dict/words          Default spelling list
     /usr/share/dict/american        American spelling of certain
     /usr/share/dict/british        British spelling  of  certain
     /usr/share/dict/stop           Default stop list.
     /usr/local/share/dict/words     Local spelling list (optional)
     /usr/local/share/dict/stop     Local stop list (optional)
     /usr/libexec/spellprog         Binary executed by the  shell

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     deroff(1), look(1), sed(1), sort(1), tee(1), troff(1)

HISTORY    [Toc]    [Back]

     The spell command appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.

     Unlike historic versions, the OpenBSD spell command does not
use hashed
     word files.  Instead, it uses lexigraphically  sorted  files
and the same
     technique as look(1).

BUGS    [Toc]    [Back]

     The  spelling list lacks many technical terms; new installations will
     probably wish to monitor the output for  several  months  to
gather local

     British spelling was done by an American.

     In  -x mode it would be nicer if the stems were grouped with
the appropriate

OpenBSD     3.6                          April      18,      1994
[ Back ]
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