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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     truncate, ftruncate - truncate a file to a specified length

LIBRARY    [Toc]    [Back]

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     #include <unistd.h>

     truncate(const char *path, off_t length);

     ftruncate(int fd, off_t length);

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     truncate() causes the file named by path or referenced by fd to have a
     size of length bytes.  If the file previously was larger than this size,
     the extra data is discarded. If it was previously shorter than length,
     its size is increased to the specified value and the extended area
     appears as if it were zero-filled.

     With ftruncate(), the file must be open for writing; for truncate(), the
     process must have write permissions for the file.

RETURN VALUES    [Toc]    [Back]

     A value of 0 is returned if the call succeeds.  If the call fails a -1 is
     returned, and the global variable errno specifies the error.

ERRORS    [Toc]    [Back]

     truncate() succeeds unless:

     [ENOTDIR]          A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]     A component of a pathname exceeded {NAME_MAX} characters,
 or an entire path name exceeded {PATH_MAX} characters.

     [ENOENT]           The named file does not exist.

     [EACCES]           Search permission is denied for a component of the
                        path prefix, or the named file is not writable by the

     [ELOOP]            Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating
 the pathname.

     [EISDIR]           The named file is a directory.

     [EROFS]            The named file resides on a read-only file system.

     [ETXTBSY]          The file is a pure procedure (shared text) file that
                        is being executed.

     [EIO]              An I/O error occurred updating the inode.

     [EFAULT]           path points outside the process's allocated address

     ftruncate() succeeds unless:

     [EBADF]            The fd is not a valid descriptor.

     [EINVAL]           The fd references a socket, not a file, or the fd is
                        not open for writing.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]


HISTORY    [Toc]    [Back]

     The truncate() and ftruncate() function calls appeared in 4.2BSD.

BUGS    [Toc]    [Back]

     These calls should be generalized to allow ranges of bytes in a file to
     be discarded.

BSD                              June 4, 1993                              BSD
[ Back ]
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