ypserv - NIS server
/usr/sbin/ypserv [ -b ] [ -d [ path ] ] [ -p port ]
The Network Information Service (NIS) provides a simple network lookup
service consisting of databases and processes. The databases are gdbm
files in a directory tree rooted at /var/yp.
The ypserv daemon typically activated at system startup. ypserv runs
only on NIS server machines with a complete NIS database. On other
machines using the NIS services, you have to run ypbind as client or
under Linux you could use the libc with NYS support. ypbind must run
on every machine which has NIS client processes; ypserv may or may not
be running on the same node, but must be running somewhere on the network.
On startup or when receiving the signal SIGHUP, ypserv parses the
-d --debug [path]
Causes the server to run in debugging mode. Normally, ypserv
reports only errors (access violations, dbm failures) using the
syslog(3) facility. In debug mode, the server does not background
itself and prints extra status messages to stderr for
each request that it revceives. path is an optionally parameter.
ypserv is using this directory instead of /var/yp
If we doesn't find the host in the hosts maps, we query the DNS
(Domain Name Service) service for more host information. This is
be done in an extra subprocess. ypserv ignores the YP_INTERDO-
MAIN keys for dns lookup.
-p --port port
ypserv will bind itself to this port. This makes it possible to
have a router filter packets to the NIS ports, so that access to
the NIS server from hosts on the Internet can be restricted.
Prints the version number
In general, any remote user can issue an RPC to ypserv and retrieve the
contents of your NIS maps, if he knows your domain name. To prevent
such unauthorized transactions, ypserv supports a feature called
ypserv.securenets which can be used to restrict access to a given set
of hosts. At startup or when arriving the SIGHUP Signal, ypserv will
attempt to load the securenets information from a file called
/etc/ypserv.securenets This file contains entries that consist of a
netmask and a network pair separated by white spaces. Lines starting
with ``#'' are considered to be comments.
A sample securenets file might look like this:
# allow connections from local host -- necessary
# same as 255.255.255.255 127.0.0.1
# allow connections from any host
# on the 18.104.22.168 network
# allow connections from any host
# between 22.214.171.124 and 126.96.36.199
If ypserv receives a request from an address that fails to match a
rule, the request will be ignored and a warning message will be logged.
If the /etc/ypserv.securenets file does not exist, ypserv will allow
connections from any host.
If the tcp wrappers security lookups was enabled at compile time in the
Makefile, then ypserv will use the /etc/hosts.allow and /etc/hosts.deny
files (which most people already have) and not the
/etc/ypserv.securenets. If you have got a binary package, try ypserv
--version to get a hint which version you have.
In the /etc/ypserv.conf you could specify some access rules for special
maps and hosts. But it is not very secure, it make the life only a little
bit harder for potential hacker. If a mapname doesn't match a rule,
ypserv will look for the YP_SECURE key in the map. If it exists, ypserv
will only allow requests on a reserved port.
For security reasons, ypserv will only accepts ypproc_xfr requests for
updating maps from the same master server as the old one. This means,
you have to reinstall the slave servers if you change the master server
for a map.
domainname(1), ypcat(1), ypmatch(1), ypserv.conf(5), netgroup(5),
makedbm(8), revnetgroup(8), ypinit(8), yppoll(8), yppush(8), ypset(8),
ypwhich(8), ypxfr(8), rpc.ypxfrd(8)
The Network Information Service (NIS) was formerly known as Sun Yellow
Pages (YP). The functionality of the two remains the same; only the
name has changed. The name Yellow Pages is a registered trademark in
the United Kingdom of British Telecommunications plc, and may not be
used without permission.
ypserv was written by Peter Eriksson <email@example.com>. Thorsten
Kukuk <firstname.lastname@example.org> added support for master/slave server and is the
NYS YP Server April 1997 YPSERV(8)
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