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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

       dir_colors - configuration file for dircolors(1)

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

       The  program ls(1) uses the environment variable LS_COLORS to determine
       in what color the filenames  should  be	displayed.   This  environment
       variable is usually set by a command like
	      eval `dircolors some_path/dir_colors`
       found  in a system default shell initialization file, like /etc/profile
       or /etc/csh.cshrc.  (See also dircolors(1).)  Usually,  the  file  used
       here  is /etc/DIR_COLORS and can be overridden by a .dir_colors file in
       one's home directory.

       This configuration file consists of several statements, one  per  line.
       Anything  right of a hash mark (hash mark is at the beginning of a line
       or is preceded by at least one whitespace.  Blank lines are ignored.

       The global section of the file consists of  any	statement  before  the
       first  TERM statement.  Any statement in the global section of the file
       is considered valid for all terminal types.  Following the global  section
  is  one or more terminal-specific sections, which are preceded by
       one or more TERM statements which specify the terminal types (as  given
       by the TERM environment variable) the following declarations apply for.
       It is always possible to override a global declaration by a  subsequent
       terminal-specific one.

       The following statements are recognized, case is insignificant:

       TERM terminal-type
	      Starts  a terminal-specific section and specifies which terminal
	      it applies to.  Multiple TERM statements can be used to create a
	      section which applies for several terminal types.

       COLOR yes|all|no|none|tty
	      Specifies  that  colorization  should  be always enabled (yes or
	      all), never enabled (no or none) or enabled only if  the	output
	      is a terminal (tty).  The default is no.

       EIGHTBIT yes|no
	      Specifies  that  eight-bit ISO 8859 characters should be enabled
	      by default.  Can for compatibility reasons also be specified  as
	      1 for yes or 0 for no.  The default is no.

       OPTIONS options
	      Adds  command  line options to the default ls command line.  The
	      options can be any valid ls command  line  options,  and	should
	      include the leading minus sign.  Please note that dircolors does
	      not verify the validity of these options.

       NORMAL color-sequence
	      Specifies the color used for normal (non-filename) text.

       FILE color-sequence
	      Specifies the color used for a regular file.

       DIR color-sequence
	      Specifies the color used for directories.

       LINK color-sequence
	      Specifies the color used for a symbolic link.

       ORPHAN color-sequence
	      Specifies the color used for an  orphanned  symbolic  link  (one
	      which points to a nonexistent file).  If this is unspecified, ls
	      will use the LINK color instead.

       MISSING color-sequence
	      Specifies the color used for a missing file (a nonexistent  file
	      which nevertheless has a symbolic link pointing to it).  If this
	      is unspecified, ls will use the FILE color instead.

       FIFO color-sequence
	      Specifies the color used for a FIFO (named pipe).

       SOCK color-sequence
	      Specifies the color used for a socket.

       BLK color-sequence
	      Specifies the color used for a block device special file.

       CHR color-sequence
	      Specifies the color used for a character device special file.

       EXEC color-sequence
	      Specifies  the  color  used  for	a  file  with  the  executable
	      attribute set.

       LEFTCODE color-sequence
	      Specifies  the left code for non-ISO 6429 terminals (see below).

       RIGHTCODE color-sequence
	      Specifies the right code for non-ISO 6429 terminals (see below).

       ENDCODE color-sequence
	      Specifies the end code for non-ISO 6429 terminals (see below).

       *extension color-sequence
	      Specifies the color used for any file that ends in extension.

	.extension color-sequence
	      Same as *.extension.  Specifies the color used for any file that
	      ends in .extension.  Note that the period  is  included  in  the
	      extension, which makes it impossible to specify an extension not
	      starting with a period, such as ~ for emacs backup files.   This
	      form should be considered obsolete.

ISO 6429 (ANSI) COLOR SEQUENCES    [Toc]    [Back]

       Most  color-capable  ASCII  terminals  today  use ISO 6429 (ANSI) color
       sequences, and many common terminals without color capability,  including
  xterm and the widely used and cloned DEC VT100, will recognize ISO
       6429 color codes and harmlessly eliminate them from the output or  emulate
 them.  ls uses ISO 6429 codes by default, assuming colorization is

       ISO 6429 color sequences are composed of sequences of numbers separated
       by semicolons.  The most common codes are:

	  0	to restore default color
	  1	for brighter colors
	  4	for underlined text
	  5	for flashing text
	 30	for black foreground
	 31	for red foreground
	 32	for green foreground
	 33	for yellow (or brown) foreground
	 34	for blue foreground
	 35	for purple foreground
	 36	for cyan foreground
	 37	for white (or gray) foreground
	 40	for black background
	 41	for red background
	 42	for green background
	 43	for yellow (or brown) background
	 44	for blue background
	 45	for purple background
	 46	for cyan background
	 47	for white (or gray) background

       Not all commands will work on all systems or display devices.

       ls uses the following defaults:

	 NORMAL   0	  Normal (non-filename) text
	 FILE	  0	  Regular file
	 DIR	  32	  Directory
	 LINK	  36	  Symbolic link
	 ORPHAN   undefined	  Orphanned symbolic link
	 MISSING  undefined	  Missing file
	 FIFO	  31	  Named pipe (FIFO)
	 SOCK	  33	  Socket
	 BLK	  44;37   Block device
	 CHR	  44;37   Character device
	 EXEC	  35	  Executable file

       A  few terminal programs do not recognize the default properly.	If all
       text gets colorized after you do a directory listing, change the NORMAL
       and  FILE  codes  to the numerical codes for your normal foreground and
       background colors.


       If you have a color-capable (or otherwise  highlighting)  terminal  (or
       printer!) which uses a different set of codes, you can still generate a
       suitable setup.	To do so you will have to use the LEFTCODE, RIGHTCODE,
       and ENDCODE definitions.

       When  writing  out  a  filename,  ls  generates	the  following	output
       sequence: LEFTCODE typecode RIGHTCODE filename ENDCODE, where the type-
       code  is  the  color sequence that depends on the type or name of file.
       If the ENDCODE is undefined, the  sequence  LEFTCODE  NORMAL  RIGHTCODE
       will  be  used  instead.   The  purpose	of the left- and rightcodes is
       merely to reduce the amount of  typing  necessary  (and	to  hide  ugly
       escape codes away from the user).  If they are not appropriate for your
       terminal, you can eliminate them by specifying the  respective  keyword
       on a line by itself.

       NOTE:  If  the  ENDCODE	is  defined in the global section of the setup
       file, it cannot be undefined in	a  terminal-specific  section  of  the
       file.  This means any NORMAL definition will have no effect.  A different
 ENDCODE can however be specified, which would have the same effect.

ESCAPE SEQUENCES    [Toc]    [Back]

       To specify control- or blank characters in the color sequences or filename
 extensions,  either  C-style  \-escaped  notation,	or  stty-style
       ^-notation  can	be  used.  The C-style notation includes the following

	 \a	 Bell (ASCII 7)
	 \b	 Backspace (ASCII 8)
	 \e	 Escape (ASCII 27)
	 \f	 Form feed (ASCII 12)
	 \n	 Newline (ASCII 10)
	 \r	 Carriage Return (ASCII 13)
	 \t	 Tab (ASCII 9)
	 \v	 Vertical Tab (ASCII 11)
	 \?	 Delete (ASCII 127)
	 \nnn Any character (octal notation)
	 \xnnn	      Any character (hexadecimal notation)
	 \_	 Space
	 \\	Backslash (\)
	 \^	 Caret (^)
	 \#	 Hash mark (#)

       Please note that escapes are necessary to  enter  a  space,  backslash,
       caret  or  any  control	character anywhere in the string, as well as a
       hash mark as the first character.

NOTES    [Toc]    [Back]

       The default LEFTCODE and RIGHTCODE definitions, which are used  by  ISO
       6429 terminals are:


       The default ENDCODE is undefined.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

       dircolors(1), ls(1), stty(1), xterm(1)

FILES    [Toc]    [Back]

	      System-wide configuration file for dircolors.

	      Per-user configuration file for dircolors.

NOTES    [Toc]    [Back]

       This  page  describes the dir_colors file format as found in the fileutils-4.0
 package; other versions may differ slightly.  Mail corrections
       and  additions to aeb@cwi.nl.  Report bugs in the program to fileutilsbugs@gnu.ai.mit.edu.

GNU fileutils 4.0		    1998-11			 DIR_COLORS(5)
[ Back ]
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