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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

       putenv - change or add an environment variable

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

       #include <stdlib.h>

       int putenv(char *string);

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

       The  putenv()  function	adds or changes the value of environment variables.
  The argument string is of the form name=value.	If  name  does
       not already exist in the environment, then string is added to the environment.
  If name does exist, then the value of name in the environment
       is  changed  to value.  The string pointed to by string becomes part of
       the environment, so altering the string changes the environment.

RETURN VALUE    [Toc]    [Back]

       The putenv() function returns zero  on  success,  or  -1  if  an  error

ERRORS    [Toc]    [Back]

       ENOMEM Insufficient space to allocate new environment.

NOTES    [Toc]    [Back]

       The  putenv()  function is not required to be reentrant, and the one in
       libc4, libc5 and glibc2.0 is not, but the glibc2.1 version is.

       Description for libc4, libc5, glibc: If the argument string is  of  the
       form  name,  and  does  not contain an `=' character, then the variable
       name is removed from the environment.  If putenv() has  to  allocate  a
       new  array  environ,  and  the  previous  array	was  also allocated by
       putenv(), then it will be freed. In no case will the old storage  associated
 to the environment variable itself be freed.

       The  libc4  and	libc5  and  glibc 2.1.2 versions conform to SUSv2: the
       pointer string given to putenv() is used.  In particular,  this	string
       becomes	part  of  the  environment;  changing it later will change the
       environment.  (Thus, it is an error is to call putenv() with  an  automatic
  variable	as the argument, then return from the calling function
       while string  is  still	part  of  the  environment.)   However,  glibc
       2.0-2.1.1  differs: a copy of the string is used.  On the one hand this
       causes a memory leak, and on the other hand it violates SUSv2. This has
       been fixed in glibc2.1.2.

       The BSD4.4 version, like glibc 2.0, uses a copy.

       SUSv2  removes the `const' from the prototype, and so does glibc 2.1.3.

CONFORMING TO    [Toc]    [Back]

       SVID 3, POSIX, BSD 4.3

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

       getenv(3), setenv(3), unsetenv(3), environ(7)

GNU				  1993-04-08			     PUTENV(3)
[ Back ]
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