ExtUtils::MM_Unix - methods used by ExtUtils::MakeMaker
The methods provided by this package are designed to be used in
conjunction with ExtUtils::MakeMaker. When MakeMaker writes a Makefile,
it creates one or more objects that inherit their methods from a package
MM. MM itself doesn't provide any methods, but it ISA ExtUtils::MM_Unix
class. The inheritance tree of MM lets operating specific packages take
the responsibility for all the methods provided by MM_Unix. We are trying
to reduce the number of the necessary overrides by defining rather
primitive operations within ExtUtils::MM_Unix.
If you are going to write a platform specific MM package, please try to
limit the necessary overrides to primitive methods, and if it is not
possible to do so, let's work out how to achieve that gain.
If you are overriding any of these methods in your Makefile.PL (in the MY
class), please report that to the makemaker mailing list. We are trying
to minimize the necessary method overrides and switch to data driven
Makefile.PLs wherever possible. In the long run less methods will be
overridable via the MY class.
The following description of methods is still under development. Please
refer to the code for not suitably documented sections and complain
loudly to the makemaker mailing list.
Not all of the methods below are overridable in a Makefile.PL.
Overridable methods are marked as (o). All methods are overridable by a
platform specific MM_*.pm file (See the ExtUtils::MM_VMS manpage) and the
Preloaded methods [Toc] [Back]
No physical check on the filesystem, but a logical cleanup of a path.
On UNIX eliminated successive slashes and successive "/.".
Concatenate two or more directory names to form a complete path ending
with a directory. But remove the trailing slash from the resulting
string, because it doesn't look good, isn't necessary and confuses OS2.
Of course, if this is the root directory, don't cut off the trailing
Concatenate one or more directory names and a filename to form a
complete path ending with a filename
Returns a string representing of the current directory. "." on UNIX.
Returns a string representing of the root directory. "/" on UNIX.
Returns a string representing of the parent directory. ".." on UNIX.
Defines the suffix rules to compile different flavors of C files to
Does very much the same as the cflags script in the perl distribution.
It doesn't return the whole compiler command line, but initializes all
of its parts. The const_cccmd method then actually returns the
definition of the CCCMD macro which uses these parts.
Defines the clean target.
Returns the full compiler call for C programs and stores the definition
Defines a couple of constants in the Makefile that are imported from
Defines EXTRALIBS, LDLOADLIBS, BSLOADLIBS, LD_RUN_PATH. See the
ExtUtils::Liblist manpage for details.
Initializes lots of constants and .SUFFIXES and .PHONY
Same as macro for the depend attribute.
Takes an array of directories that need to exist and returns a Makefile
entry for a .exists file in these directories. Returns nothing, if the
entry has already been processed. We're helpless though, if the same
directory comes as $(FOO) _and_ as "bar". Both of them get an entry,
that's why we use "::".
Defines a lot of macros for distribution support.
Defines the targets distclean, distcheck, skipcheck, manifest.
Defines a check in target for RCS.
Defeines the targets dist, tardist, zipdist, uutardist, shdist
Defines the scratch directory target that will hold the distribution
before tar-ing (or shar-ing).
Defines a target that produces the distribution in the
scratchdirectory, and runs 'perl Makefile.PL; make ;make test' in that
Used by AIX and VMS to define DL_FUNCS and DL_VARS and write the *.exp
Defines the dynamic target.
Defines targets for bootstrap files.
Defines how to produce the *.so (or equivalent) files.
Deprecated method. Use libscan instead.
Called by init_others, and calls ext ExtUtils::Liblist. See the
ExtUtils::Liblist manpage for details.
Takes as argument a path and returns true, if it is an absolute path.
Finds the executables PERL and FULLPERL
Methods to actually produce chunks of text for the Makefile
The methods here are called for each MakeMaker object in the order
specified by @ExtUtils::MakeMaker::MM_Sections.
Inserts the sharpbang or equivalent magic number to a script
Just writes FORCE:
Guess the name of this package by examining the working directory's
name. MakeMaker calls this only if the developer has not supplied a
Returns true if C, XS, MYEXTLIB or similar objects exist within this
object that need a compiler. Does not descend into subdirectories as
Initializes DIR, XS, PM, C, O_FILES, H, PL_FILES, MAN*PODS, EXE_FILES.
Initializes NAME, FULLEXT, BASEEXT, PARENT_NAME, DLBASE, PERL_SRC,
PERL_LIB, PERL_ARCHLIB, PERL_INC, INSTALLDIRS, INST_*, INSTALL*,
PREFIX, CONFIG, AR, AR_STATIC_ARGS, LD, OBJ_EXT, LIB_EXT, EXE_EXT,
MAP_TARGET, LIBPERL_A, VERSION_FROM, VERSION, DISTNAME, VERSION_SYM.
Initializes EXTRALIBS, BSLOADLIBS, LDLOADLIBS, LIBS, LD_RUN_PATH,
OBJECT, BOOTDEP, PERLMAINCC, LDFROM, LINKTYPE, NOOP, FIRST_MAKEFILE,
MAKEFILE, NOECHO, RM_F, RM_RF, TEST_F, TOUCH, CP, MV, CHMOD, UMASK_NULL
Defines the install target.
Defines targets to install EXE_FILES.
Takes a path to a file that is found by init_dirscan and returns false
if we don't want to include this file in the library. Mainly used to
exclude RCS, CVS, and SCCS directories from installation.
Defines the linkext target which in turn defines the LINKTYPE.
Takes as arguments a directory name and a regular expression. Returns
all entries in the directory that match the regular expression.
Simple subroutine to insert the macros defined by the macro attribute
into the Makefile.
Called by staticmake. Defines how to write the Makefile to produce a
static new perl.
By default the Makefile produced includes all the static extensions in
the perl library. (Purified versions of library files, e.g.,
DynaLoader_pure_p1_c0_032.a are automatically ignored to avoid link
Defines how to rewrite the Makefile.
Defines targets and routines to translate the pods into manpages and
put them into the INST_* directories.
Returns true, if the argument is likely to be a command.
method under development. Not yet used. Ask Ilya :-)
Does this module need linking? Looks into subdirectory objects (see
misnamed method (will have to be changed). The MM_Unix method just
returns the argument without further processing.
On VMS used to insure that colons marking targets are preceded by space
- most Unix Makes don't need this, but it's necessary under VMS to
distinguish the target delimiter from a colon appearing as part of a
parse a file and return what you think is $VERSION in this file set to
Defines the string that is passed to recursive make calls in
Takes no argument, returns the environment variable PATH as an array.
Takes one argument, a file name, and returns the file name, if the
argument is likely to be a perl script. On MM_Unix this is true for any
ordinary, readable file.
Defines the dependency from all *.h files that come with the perl
Defines target that copies all files in the hash PM to their
destination and autosplits them. See the DESCRIPTION entry in the
Returns an empty string per default. Dedicated to overrides from within
Makefile.PL after all constants have been defined.
Returns an empty string per default. Used in Makefile.PLs to add some
chunk of text to the Makefile after the object is initialized.
Returns an empty string. Can be used in Makefile.PLs to write some text
to the Makefile at the end.
Check a path variable in $self from %Config, if it contains a prefix,
and replace it with another one.
Takes as arguments an attribute name, a search prefix and a replacement
prefix. Changes the attribute in the object.
Defines targets to run *.PL files.
Defines the realclean target.
Takes the name of a package, which may be a nested package, in the form
Foo/Bar and replaces the slash with ::. Returns the replacement.
Defines the static target.
Defines how to produce the *.a (or equivalent) files.
Helper subroutine for subdirs
Defines targets to process subdirectories.
Defines the test targets.
Helper method to write the test targets
Other helper method for test.
Defines a simple perl call that runs autosplit. May be deprecated by
Defines SHELL, LD, TOUCH, CP, MV, RM_F, RM_RF, CHMOD, UMASK_NULL in the
Makefile. Also defines the perl programs MKPATH, WARN_IF_OLD_PACKLIST,
MOD_INSTALL. DOC_INSTALL, and UNINSTALL.
Determines typemaps, xsubpp version, prototype behaviour.
Defines the targets all, subdirs, config, and O_FILES
Obsolete, depecated method. Not used since Version 5.21.
Defines the suffix rules to compile XS files to C.
Defines suffix rules to go from XS to object files directly. This is
only intended for broken make implementations.
This is internal method that returns path to libperl.a equivalent to be
linked to dynamic extensions. UNIX does not have one but OS2 and Win32
This is internal method that returns name of a file that is passed to
linker to define symbols to be exported. UNIX does not have one but
OS2 and Win32 do.
the ExtUtils::MakeMaker manpage
PPPPaaaaggggeeee 8888 [ Back ]