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     XPROP(1)		X Version 11 (Release 6.4)	      XPROP(1)

     NAME    [Toc]    [Back]
	  xprop	- property displayer for X

     SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]
	  xprop	[-help]	[-grammar] [-id	id] [-root] [-name name] [-
	  frame] [-font	font] [-display	display] [-len n] [-notype]
	  [-fs file] [-remove property-name] [-spy] [-f	atom format
	  [dformat]]* [-exists]	[format	[dformat] atom]*

     SUMMARY    [Toc]    [Back]
	  The xprop utility is for displaying window and font
	  properties in	an X server.  One window or font is selected
	  using	the command line arguments or possibly in the case of
	  a window, by clicking	on the desired window.	A list of
	  properties is	then given, possibly with formatting

     OPTIONS    [Toc]    [Back]
	  -help	  Print	out a summary of command line options.

		  Print	out a detailed grammar for all command line

	  -id id  This argument	allows the user	to select window id on
		  the command line rather than using the pointer to
		  select the target window.  This is very useful in
		  debugging X applications where the target window is
		  not mapped to	the screen or where the	use of the
		  pointer might	be impossible or interfere with	the

	  -name	name
		  This argument	allows the user	to specify that	the
		  window named name is the target window on the
		  command line rather than using the pointer to	select
		  the target window.

	  -font	font
		  This argument	allows the user	to specify that	the
		  properties of	font font should be displayed.

	  -root	  This argument	specifies that X's root	window is the
		  target window.  This is useful in situations where
		  the root window is completely	obscured.

	  -display display
		  This argument	allows you to specify the server to
		  connect to; see X(1).

	  -len n  Specifies that at most n bytes of any	property
		  should be read or displayed.

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     XPROP(1)		X Version 11 (Release 6.4)	      XPROP(1)

	  -notype Specifies that the type of each property should not
		  be displayed.

	  -fs file
		  Specifies that file file should be used as a source
		  of more formats for properties.

	  -frame  Specifies that when selecting	a window by hand (i.e.
		  if none of -name, -root, or -id are given), look at
		  the window manager frame (if any) instead of looking
		  for the client window.

	  -remove property-name
		  Specifies the	name of	a property to be removed from
		  the indicated	window.

	  -spy	  Examine window properties forever, looking for
		  property change events.

	  -f name format [dformat]
		  Specifies that the format for	name should be format
		  and that the dformat for name	should be dformat.  If
		  dformat is missing, "	= $0+\n" is assumed.

	  -exists Monitor property change events, exit when the
		  specified properties go away.

     DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]
	  For each of these properties,	its value on the selected
	  window or font is printed using the supplied formatting
	  information if any.  If no formatting	information is
	  supplied, internal defaults are used.	 If a property is not
	  defined on the selected window or font, "not defined"	is
	  printed as the value for that	property.  If no property list
	  is given, all	the properties possessed by the	selected
	  window or font are printed.

	  A window may be selected in one of four ways.	 First,	if the
	  desired window is the	root window, the -root argument	may be
	  used.	 If the	desired	window is not the root window, it may
	  be selected in two ways on the command line, either by id
	  number such as might be obtained from	xwininfo, or by	name
	  if the window	possesses a name.  The -id argument selects a
	  window by id number in either	decimal	or hex (must start
	  with 0x) while the -name argument selects a window by	name.

	  The last way to select a window does not involve the command
	  line at all.	If none	of -font, -id, -name, and -root	are
	  specified, a crosshairs cursor is displayed and the user is
	  allowed to choose any	visible	window by pressing any pointer
	  button in the	desired	window.	 If it is desired to display
	  properties of	a font as opposed to a window, the -font

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     XPROP(1)		X Version 11 (Release 6.4)	      XPROP(1)

	  argument must	be used.

	  Other	than the above four arguments and the -help argument
	  for obtaining	help, and the -grammar argument	for listing
	  the full grammar for the command line, all the other command
	  line arguments are used in specifying	both the format	of the
	  properties to	be displayed and how to	display	them.  The
	  -len n argument specifies that at most n bytes of any	given
	  property will	be read	and displayed.	This is	useful for
	  example when displaying the cut buffer on the	root window
	  which	could run to several pages if displayed	in full.

	  Normally each	property name is displayed by printing first
	  the property name then its type (if it has one) in
	  parentheses followed by its value.  The -notype argument
	  specifies that property types	should not be displayed.  The
	  -fs argument is used to specify a file containing a list of
	  formats for properties while the -f argument is used to
	  specify the format for one property.

	  The formatting information for a property actually consists
	  of two parts,	a format and a dformat.	 The format specifies
	  the actual formatting	of the property	(i.e., is it made up
	  of words, bytes, or longs?, etc.) while the dformat
	  specifies how	the property should be displayed.

	  The following	paragraphs describe how	to construct formats
	  and dformats.	 However, for the vast majority	of users and
	  uses,	this should not	be necessary as	the built in defaults
	  contain the formats and dformats necessary to	display	all
	  the standard properties.  It should only be necessary	to
	  specify formats and dformats if a new	property is being
	  dealt	with or	the user dislikes the standard display format.
	  New users especially are encouraged to skip this part.

	  A format consists of one of 0, 8, 16,	or 32 followed by a
	  sequence of one or more format characters.  The 0, 8,	16, or
	  32 specifies how many	bits per field there are in the
	  property.  Zero is a special case meaning use	the field size
	  information associated with the property itself.  (This is
	  only needed for special cases	like type INTEGER which	is
	  actually three different types depending on the size of the
	  fields of the	property)

	  A value of 8 means that the property is a sequence of	bytes
	  while	a value	of 16 would mean that the property is a
	  sequence of words.  The difference between these two lies in
	  the fact that	the sequence of	words will be byte swapped
	  while	the sequence of	bytes will not be when read by a
	  machine of the opposite byte order of	the machine that
	  originally wrote the property.  For more information on how
	  properties are formatted and stored, consult the Xlib

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     XPROP(1)		X Version 11 (Release 6.4)	      XPROP(1)


	  Once the size	of the fields has been specified, it is
	  necessary to specify the type	of each	field (i.e., is	it an
	  integer, a string, an	atom, or what?)	 This is done using
	  one format character per field.  If there are	more fields in
	  the property than format characters supplied,	the last
	  character will be repeated as	many times as necessary	for
	  the extra fields.  The format	characters and their meaning
	  are as follows:

	  a    The field holds an atom number.	A field	of this	type
	       should be of size 32.

	  b    The field is an boolean.	 A 0 means false while
	       anything	else means true.

	  c    The field is an unsigned	number,	a cardinal.

	  i    The field is a signed integer.

	  m    The field is a set of bit flags,	1 meaning on.

	  s    This field and the next ones until either a 0 or	the
	       end of the property represent a sequence	of bytes.
	       This format character is	only usable with a field size
	       of 8 and	is most	often used to represent	a string.

	  x    The field is a hex number (like 'c' but displayed in
	       hex - most useful for displaying	window ids and the

	  An example format is 32ica which is the format for a
	  property of three fields of 32 bits each, the	first holding
	  a signed integer, the	second an unsigned integer, and	the
	  third	an atom.

	  The format of	a dformat unlike that of a format is not so
	  rigid.  The only limitations on a dformat is that one	may
	  not start with a letter or a dash.  This is so that it can
	  be distinguished from	a property name	or an argument.	 A
	  dformat is a text string containing special characters
	  instructing that various fields be printed at	various	points
	  in a manner similar to the formatting	string used by printf.
	  For example, the dformat " is	( $0, $1 \)\n" would render
	  the POINT 3, -4 which	has a format of	32ii as	" is ( 3, -4

	  Any character	other than a $,	?, \, or a ( in	a dformat
	  prints as itself.  To	print out one of $, ?, \, or ( precede
	  it by	a \.  For example, to print out	a $, use \$.  Several
	  special backslash sequences are provided as shortcuts.  \n

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     XPROP(1)		X Version 11 (Release 6.4)	      XPROP(1)

	  will cause a newline to be displayed while \t	will cause a
	  tab to be displayed.	\o where o is an octal number will
	  display character number o.

	  A $ followed by a number n causes field number n to be
	  displayed.  The format of the	displayed field	depends	on the
	  formatting character used to describe	it in the
	  corresponding	format.	 I.e., if a cardinal is	described by
	  'c' it will print in decimal while if	it is described	by a
	  'x' it is displayed in hex.

	  If the field is not present in the property (this is
	  possible with	some properties), <field not available>	is
	  displayed instead.  $n+ will display field number n then a
	  comma	then field number n+1 then another comma then ...
	  until	the last field defined.	 If field n is not defined,
	  nothing is displayed.	 This is useful	for a property that is
	  a list of values.

	  A ? is used to start a conditional expression, a kind	of
	  if-then statement.  ?exp(text) will display text if and only
	  if exp evaluates to non-zero.	 This is useful	for two
	  things.  First, it allows fields to be displayed if and only
	  if a flag is set. And	second,	it allows a value such as a
	  state	number to be displayed as a name rather	than as	just a
	  number.  The syntax of exp is	as follows:

	  exp  ::= term	| term=exp | !exp

	  term ::= n | $n | mn

	  The !	operator is a logical ``not'', changing	0 to 1 and any
	  non-zero value to 0.	= is an	equality operator.  Note that
	  internally all expressions are evaluated as 32 bit numbers
	  so -1	is not equal to	65535.	= returns 1 if the two values
	  are equal and	0 if not.  n represents	the constant value n
	  while	$n represents the value	of field number	n.  mn is 1 if
	  flag number n	in the first field having format character 'm'
	  in the corresponding format is 1, 0 otherwise.

	  Examples: ?m3(count: $3\n) displays field 3 with a label of
	  count	if and only if flag number 3 (count starts at 0!) is
	  on.  ?$2=0(True)?!$2=0(False)	displays the inverted value of
	  field	2 as a boolean.

	  In order to display a	property, xprop	needs both a format
	  and a	dformat.  Before xprop uses its	default	values of a
	  format of 32x	and a dformat of " = { $0+ }\n", it searches
	  several places in an attempt to find more specific formats.
	  First, a search is made using	the name of the	property.  If
	  this fails, a	search is made using the type of the property.
	  This allows type STRING to be	defined	with one set of

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     XPROP(1)		X Version 11 (Release 6.4)	      XPROP(1)

	  formats while	allowing property WM_NAME which	is of type
	  STRING to be defined with a different	format.	 In this way,
	  the display formats for a given type can be overridden for
	  specific properties.

	  The locations	searched are in	order: the format if any
	  specified with the property name (as in 8x WM_NAME), the
	  formats defined by -f	options	in last	to first order,	the
	  contents of the file specified by the	-fs option if any, the
	  contents of the file specified by the	environmental variable
	  XPROPFORMATS if any, and finally xprop's built in file of

	  The format of	the files referred to by the -fs argument and
	  the XPROPFORMATS variable is one or more lines of the
	  following form:

	  name format [dformat]

	  Where	name is	either the name	of a property or the name of a
	  type,	format is the format to	be used	with name and dformat
	  is the dformat to be used with name.	If dformat is not
	  present, " = $0+\n" is assumed.

     EXAMPLES    [Toc]    [Back]
	  To display the name of the root window: xprop	-root WM_NAME

	  To display the window	manager	hints for the clock: xprop
	  -name	xclock WM_HINTS

	  To display the start of the cut buffer: xprop	-root -len 100

	  To display the point size of the fixed font: xprop -font
	  fixed	POINT_SIZE

	  To display all the properties	of window # 0x200007: xprop
	  -id 0x200007

     ENVIRONMENT    [Toc]    [Back]
	  DISPLAY To get default display.

		  Specifies the	name of	a file from which additional
		  formats are to be obtained.

     SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]
	  X(1),	xwininfo(1)

     AUTHOR    [Toc]    [Back]
	  Mark Lillibridge, MIT	Project	Athena

     Page 6					     (printed 10/9/01)

[ Back ]
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