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scsicontrol(1m)						       scsicontrol(1m)

NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     scsicontrol - probe and control scsi devices

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     /usr/sbin/scsicontrol [-CDHIRSacdegilmqsv]	[-b blockize] device ...

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     scsicontrol may be	used to	print info from	the SCSI inquiry commands,
     which normally indicate the device	type, manufacturer, and	similar	info.
     Other options may be used show more data, or to issue commands that
     control the operation of the device, or the bus as	a whole.  By using the
     debug option (-d),	the exact command sent,	and the	data returned (if any)
     is	displayed, along with more extensive error information.

     The device(s) may be specified without the	normal /dev/scsi prefix, if

     -C	  Send the SGI-specific	command	that causes the	CD-ROM drive to	reply
	  to the inquiry command (see -i below)	as a CD-ROM drive.  On
	  poweron, or after a SCSI bus reset (either as	part of	error recovery
	  or from a user issued	command), the CD-ROM drives sold by SGI
	  respond to inquiry as	a hard disk.  This was done because older
	  systems would	otherwise refuse to boot from the CD-ROM drive.

     -D	  Send the SCSI	self test (diagnostic) command to the device.

     -H	  Send the SCSI	halt, or stop, command.	 This causes the device	to
	  stop the media, or in	some cases, to unload it.

     -R	  Display the Logical Unit Numbers of all configured logical units on
	  the device.

     -S	  Send the SCSI	start, or load,	command.  This causes the device to
	  start	the media, or in some cases, to	load it.

     -a	  Attempt to negotiate with the	device to operate in asynchronous
	  mode.	 This will usually mean	a lower	data rate on the SCSI bus, but
	  is less sensitive to scsi cabling problems, etc.  Some devices will
	  negotiate synchronous	mode, but may not work correctly in that mode.
	  This can also	be forced by changing the configuration	variables for
	  the scsi controller driver (e.g., the	wd93_syncenable	array in the
	  file /var/sysgen/master.d/wd93).  Also see the -s option below.

     -d	  Debug	mode.  This causes all commands	sent to	the device and	the
	  data that is returned, if any, to be printed.	 Extensive information
	  about	errors is also printed when they occur.

     -e	  Open the device in exclusive mode.  This will	fail (with busy
	  status) if the device	is in use by some other	process	or SCSI
	  driver.  If it succeeds, other opens will then fail.	This mode
	  applies to the host controller driver, and does not issue any	SCSI
	  commands to the device (in particular, the reserve unit command is

									Page 1

scsicontrol(1m)						       scsicontrol(1m)

	  not sent).

     -g	  Get the host adapter flags for this SCSI bus.	 This is mostly	of
	  interest to driver writer's, but it does provide a way to determine
	  if the SCSI disconnect option	has been disabled on the bus.

     -i	  Send the SCSI	inquiry	command, and display the info in a readable
	  fashion.  The	information typically includes the device type,	the
	  manufacturer,	the SCSI version, and some of the optional SCSI
	  features the device supports.	 Also see -I below.

     -I	  display all the data from the	-i or -v options in both hex and ascii
	  form.	 Implies -i if neither -i or -v	were given on the command

     -q	  Quiet	mode.  Don't print the name of each device as it is opened,
	  unless an error occurs.

     -s	  Attempt to negotiate with the	device to operate in synchronous mode.
	  This is normally done	by the operating system	when the device	is
	  first	used, but that may fail, and the system	will not then reattempt
 to negotiate.	 Some drivers will suppress the	negotiation.
	  Operating in synchronous mode	will usually mean a higher data	rate
	  on the SCSI bus, but this mode is more sensitive to SCSI cabling
	  problems.  Additionally, some	devices	will negotiate successfully
	  for this mode, but will not work correctly.  Also see	the -a option

     -v	  Issue	the SCSI inquiry command with the vital	products modifier, and
	  display the data in a	readable fashion.  The vital product data
	  often	includes the serial number, and	the additional information
	  about	the device.  Also see -I above.

     -c	blocksize
	  For devices that support the readcapacity command, print the
	  capacity of the device, and if it's block oriented, the number of
	  bytes	per block.

     -b	blocksize
	  Set the blocksize (for disks,	CDROMs,	and some types of tape drives)
	  to the given value, and also report the previous value.  blocksize
	  may be given in decimal, hex (with leading 0x), or octal (with
	  leading 0).  Not all devices support changing	their block size.

     -l	  Print	the current values of all the supported	logsense pages.	 This
	  can sometimes	be useful in debugging device problems,	but almost
	  always requires the device specific manual from it's manufacturer,
	  to be	of use.

     -m	  Print	the current values of all the supported	modesense pages.
	  Mostly of use	to people debugging problems or	writing	devscsi

									Page 2

scsicontrol(1m)						       scsicontrol(1m)

FILES    [Toc]    [Back]

     /dev/scsi/sc* - the generic scsi driver devices /dev/scsi/jag* - the
     generic scsi driver devices

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     dsopen(3X), ds(7M), scsiha(1M), scsiha(7M).

NOTE    [Toc]    [Back]

     This command is normally usable only by the superuser, because the
     standard permissions of the devices in /dev/scsi restrict access to other

     The source	to this	program	is also	shipped	as sample source code in the
     irix_dev.gifts.scsi subsystem as part of IDO.

									PPPPaaaaggggeeee 3333
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