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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     tftpd -- Internet Trivial File Transfer Protocol server

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     /usr/libexec/tftpd [-cCln] [-s directory] [-u user] [directory ...]

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     The tftpd utility is a server which supports the Internet Trivial File
     Transfer Protocol (RFC 1350).  The TFTP server operates at the port indicated
 in the `tftp' service description; see services(5).	The server is
     normally started by inetd(8).

     The use of tftp(1) does not require an account or password on the remote
     system.  Due to the lack of authentication information, tftpd will allow
     only publicly readable files to be accessed.  Files containing the string
     ``/../'' or starting with ``../'' are not allowed.  Files may be written
     only if they already exist and are publicly writable.  Note that this
     extends the concept of ``public'' to include all users on all hosts that
     can be reached through the network; this may not be appropriate on all
     systems, and its implications should be considered before enabling tftp
     service.  The server should have the user ID with the lowest possible

     Access to files may be restricted by invoking tftpd with a list of directories
 by including up to 20 pathnames as server program arguments in
     /etc/inetd.conf.  In this case access is restricted to files whose names
     are prefixed by the one of the given directories.	The given directories
     are also treated as a search path for relative filename requests.

     The -s option provides additional security by changing tftpd's root
     directory, thereby prohibiting accesses outside of the specified
     directory.  Because chroot(2) requires super-user privileges, tftpd must
     be run as root.  However, after performing the chroot(), tftpd will set
     its user id to that of the specified user, or ``nobody'' if no -u option
     is specified.

     The options are:

     -c      Changes the default root directory of a connecting host via
	     chroot based on the connecting IP address.  This prevents multiple
 clients from writing to the same file at the same time.  If
	     the directory does not exist, the client connection is refused.
	     The -s option is required for -c and the specified directory is
	     used as a base.

     -C      Operates the same as -c except it falls back to -s's directory if
	     a directory does not exist for the client's IP.

     -l      Log all requests using syslog(3) with the facility of LOG_FTP.
	     Note: Logging of LOG_FTP messages must also be enabled in the
	     syslog configuration file, syslog.conf(5).

     -n      Suppress negative acknowledgement of requests for nonexistent
	     relative filenames.

     -s directory
	     Cause tftpd to change its root directory to directory.  After
	     changing roots but before accepting commands, tftpd will switch
	     credentials to an unprivileged user.

     -u user
	     Switch credentials to user (default ``nobody'') when the -s
	     option is used.  The user must be specified by name, not a
	     numeric UID.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     tftp(1), chroot(2), inetd(8), syslogd(8)

     K. R. Sollins, The TFTP Protocol (Revision 2), July 1992, RFC 1350, STD

HISTORY    [Toc]    [Back]

     The tftpd utility appeared in 4.2BSD; the -s option was introduced in
     FreeBSD 2.2, the -u option was introduced in FreeBSD 4.2, and the -c
     option was introduced in FreeBSD 4.3.

BUGS    [Toc]    [Back]

     Files larger than 33488896 octets (65535 blocks) cannot be transferred
     without client and server supporting blocksize negotiation (RFC1783).

     Many tftp clients will not transfer files over 16744448 octets (32767

FreeBSD 5.2.1		      September 14, 2000		 FreeBSD 5.2.1
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