rmt -- remote magtape protocol module
The rmt utility is used by the remote dump and restore programs in manipulating
a magnetic tape drive through an interprocess communication connection.
It is normally started up with an rexec(3) or rcmd(3) call.
The rmt utility accepts requests specific to the manipulation of magnetic
tapes, performs the commands, then responds with a status indication.
All responses are in ASCII and in one of two forms. Successful commands
have responses of:
Number is an ASCII representation of a decimal number. Unsuccessful commands
are responded to with:
Error-number is one of the possible error numbers described in intro(2)
and error-message is the corresponding error string as printed from a
call to perror(3). The protocol is comprised of the following commands,
which are sent as indicated - no spaces are supplied between the command
and its arguments, or between its arguments, and `\n' indicates that a
newline should be supplied:
Open the specified device using the indicated mode. Device is a
full pathname and mode is an ASCII representation of a decimal
number suitable for passing to open(2). If a device had already
been opened, it is closed before a new open is performed.
Close the currently open device. The device specified is
Perform an lseek(2) operation using the specified parameters.
The response value is that returned from the lseek(2) call.
Write data onto the open device. The rmt utility reads count
bytes from the connection, aborting if a premature end-of-file is
encountered. The response value is that returned from the
Read count bytes of data from the open device. If count exceeds
the size of the data buffer (10 kilobytes), it is truncated to
the data buffer size. The rmt utility then performs the
requested read(2) and responds with Acount-read\n if the read was
successful; otherwise an error in the standard format is
returned. If the read was successful, the data read is then
Perform a MTIOCOP ioctl(2) command using the specified parameters.
The parameters are interpreted as the ASCII representations
of the decimal values to place in the mt_op and mt_count
fields of the structure used in the ioctl(2) call. The return
value is the count parameter when the operation is successful.
S Return the status of the open device, as obtained with a MTIOCGET
ioctl(2) call. If the operation was successful, an ``ack'' is
sent with the size of the status buffer, then the status buffer
is sent (in binary).
Any other command causes rmt to exit.
All responses are of the form described above.
rcmd(3), rexec(3), mtio(4), rdump(8), rrestore(8)
People should be discouraged from using this for a remote file access
The rmt utility appeared in 4.2BSD.
FreeBSD 5.2.1 June 1, 1994 FreeBSD 5.2.1 [ Back ]