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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     utopia -- Driver module for ATM PHY chips

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     device utopia

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     This module is used by all ATM drivers for cards that use PMC-Sierra
     S/Uni and IDT77105/IDT77155 chips to provide uniform functionality.  The
     module implements status monitoring in either interrupt or polling mode,
     media option handling and application access to chip registers.

     The driver implements several sysctls that accessible under the
     hw.atm.XXX tree, where XXX is the name of the ATM interface:

	  When reading this sysctl an array of 8-bit unsigned integers is
	  returned containing all accessible chip registers starting at register
 0.  A register can be written by writing three 8-bit unsigned
	  integers to the sysctl: the register number, the new value and a bit
	  mask.  This changes all bits in the register for which the corresponding
 bit in the mask is one to the bit values from value.  Note,
	  that not all registers may be writeable.

	  allows to put the interface in one of several loopback modes.  Not
	  all modes and all combinations of modes are supported on all chips.
	  The possible modes are:

	  UTP_LOOP_NONE (0x00)
	       No loopback, normal operation.

	  UTP_LOOP_TIME (0x01)
	       Timing source loopback. When this is set the transmitter's
	       clock is derived from the receiver's clock.

	  UTP_LOOP_DIAG (0x02)
	       Diagnostic loopback. In this mode the receiver's input is connected
 to the transmitter's output. The receiver gets back
	       everything that is sent. The transmitter operates normally.

	  UTP_LOOP_LINE (0x04)
	       Serial line loopback. This connects the line receiver to the
	       line transmitter.  The chip transmits all cells back that it
	       receives. The receiver operates normally.

	  UTP_LOOP_PARAL (0x08)
	       Parallel diagnostic loopback. This feeds back all transmitted
	       cells into the receiver between the parallel/serial converters.
	       The transmitter operates normally.

	  UTP_LOOP_TWIST (0x10)
	       Twisted pair diagnostic loopback. Connects the high speed
	       receive data to the high speed transmit data. All received data
	       is sent back. The receiver operates normally.

	  UTP_LOOP_PATH (0x20)
	       Diagnostic path loopback. This connectes the receiver input to
	       the transmitter output just between the path overhead processor
	       and the byte mux. The transmitter operates normally.

	  This is the detected type of the phy chip. Currently the following
	  chips are supported:

	       The module could not determine the type of the PHY chip.

	       PMC-5346 (S/Uni-Lite)

	       PMC-5350 (S/Uni-Ultra)

	  UTP_TYPE_SUNI_622 (3)
	       PMC-5355 (S/Uni-622)

	  UTP_TYPE_IDT77105 (4)
	       IDT77105 (25.6MBit UTP interface)

	  UTP_TYPE_IDT77155 (5)
	       IDT77155 (155MBit interface)

	  This is a string describing the type of the PHY chip.

	  Physical and some ATM layer statistics. These are the statistics
	  usually provided by the chip. The data is a returned in the following

	  struct utopia_stats1 {
		  uint32_t version;	  /* version of this struct */
		  uint32_t fill;
		  uint64_t rx_sbip;	  /* rx section BIP errors */
		  uint64_t rx_lbip;	  /* rx line BIP errors */
		  uint64_t rx_lfebe;	  /* rx line far end block errors */
		  uint64_t rx_pbip;	  /* rx path BIP errors */
		  uint64_t rx_pfebe;	  /* rx path far end block errors */
		  uint64_t rx_cells;	  /* received cells */
		  uint64_t rx_corr;	  /* correctable cell errors */
		  uint64_t rx_uncorr;	  /* uncorrectable cell errors */
		  uint64_t rx_symerr;	  /* symbol errors */
		  uint64_t tx_cells;	  /* transmitted cells */

	  The current version is 1. The statistics are updated from the chip
	  once a second. On overflow the counters wrap to zero. Note that not
	  all counters are meaningful for all PHY chips. The statistics are
	  cleared by writing an arbitrary new value (the value is ignored).

     The utopia module also interfaces with the ifmedia system.  The module
     reports the current state of the carrier and will issue a warning message
     when the carrier state changes.  While the physical media itself cannot
     be changed, several media options can:

     SDH  If the PHY is a Sonet/SDH chip this flag switches the interface into
	  SDH mode.  If this option is not set (the default) the interface is
	  in Sonet mode.

	  If the PHY is a Sonet/SDH chip disable scrambling.  This may be useful
 for debugging purposes.

	  Normally the interface emits idle cells when there are no other
	  cells to transmit. This changes the default cell type to unassigned
	  cells. This may be needed for interworking with public networks.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     en(4), fatm(4), hatm(4), patm(4), utopia(9)

AUTHOR    [Toc]    [Back]

     Harti Brandt <harti@freebsd.org>.

FreeBSD 			  May 8, 2003			       FreeBSD
[ Back ]
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