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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     uuidgen -- generate universally unique identifiers

LIBRARY    [Toc]    [Back]

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     #include <sys/uuid.h>

     uuidgen(struct uuid *store, int count);

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     The uuidgen() system call generates count universally unique identifiers
     (UUIDs) and writes them to the buffer pointed to by store.  The identifiers
 are generated according to the syntax and semantics of the DCE version
 1 variant of universally unique identifiers.	See below for a more
     in-depth description of the identifiers.  When no IEEE 802 address is
     available for the node field, a random multicast address is generated for
     each invocation of the system call.  According to the algorithm of generating
 time-based UUIDs, this will also force a new random clock sequence,
     thereby increasing the likelyhood for the identifier to be unique.

     When multiple identifiers are to be generated, the uuidgen() system call
     will generate a set of identifiers that is dense in such a way that there
     is no identifier that is larger than the smallest identifier in the set
     and smaller than the largest identifier in the set and that is not
     already in the set.

     Universally unique identifiers, also known as globally unique identifiers
     (GUIDs), have a binary representation of 128-bits.  The grouping and
     meaning of these bits is described by the following structure and its
     description of the fields that follow it:

     struct uuid {
	     uint32_t	     time_low;
	     uint16_t	     time_mid;
	     uint16_t	     time_hi_and_version;
	     uint8_t	     clock_seq_hi_and_reserved;
	     uint8_t	     clock_seq_low;
	     uint8_t	     node[_UUID_NODE_LEN];

     time_low			The least significant 32 bits of a 60-bit
				timestamp.  This field is stored in the native

     time_mid			The least significant 16 bits of the most significant
 28 bits of the 60-bit timestamp.
				This field is stored in the native byte-order.

     time_hi_and_version	The most significant 12 bits of the 60-bit
				timestamp multiplexed with a 4-bit version
				number.  The version number is stored in the
				most significant 4 bits of the 16-bit field.
				This field is stored in the native byte-order.

     clock_seq_hi_and_reserved	The most significant 6 bits of a 14-bit
				sequence number multiplexed with a 2-bit variant
 value.  Note that the width of the variant
				value is determined by the variant itself.
				Identifiers generated by the uuidgen() system
				call have variant value 10b.  the variant
				value is stored in the most significant bits
				of the field.

     clock_seq_low		The least significant 8 bits of a 14-bit
				sequence number.

     node			The 6-byte IEEE 802 (MAC) address of one of
				the interfaces of the node.  If no such interface
 exists, a random multi-cast address is
				used instead.

     The binary representation is sensitive to byte ordering.  Any multi-byte
     field is to be stored in the local or native byte-order and identifiers
     must be converted when transmitted to hosts that do not agree on the
     byte-order.  The specification does not however document what this means
     in concrete terms and is otherwise beyond the scope of this system call.

RETURN VALUES    [Toc]    [Back]

     Upon successful completion, the value 0 is returned; otherwise the
     value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the

ERRORS    [Toc]    [Back]

     The uuidgen() system call can fail with:

     [EFAULT]		The buffer pointed to by store could not be written to
			for any or all identifiers.

     [EINVAL]		The count argument is less than 1 or larger than the
			hard upper limit of 2048.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     uuidgen(1), uuid(3)

STANDARDS    [Toc]    [Back]

     The identifiers are represented and generated in conformance with the DCE
     1.1 RPC specification.  The uuidgen() system call is itself not part of
     the specification.

HISTORY    [Toc]    [Back]

     The uuidgen() system call first appeared in FreeBSD 5.0.

FreeBSD 5.2.1			 May 26, 2002			 FreeBSD 5.2.1
[ Back ]
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