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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     ld-elf.so.1, ld.so, rtld -- run-time link-editor

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     The ld-elf.so.1 utility is a self-contained shared object providing runtime
 support for loading and link-editing shared objects into a process'
     address space.  It is also commonly known as the dynamic linker.  It uses
     the data structures contained within dynamically linked programs to
     determine which shared libraries are needed and loads them using the
     mmap(2) system call.

     After all shared libraries have been successfully loaded, ld-elf.so.1
     proceeds to resolve external references from both the main program and
     all objects loaded.  A mechanism is provided for initialization routines
     to be called on a per-object basis, giving a shared object an opportunity
     to perform any extra set-up before execution of the program proper
     begins.  This is useful for C++ libraries that contain static constructors.

     The ld-elf.so.1 utility itself is loaded by the kernel together with any
     dynamically-linked program that is to be executed.  The kernel transfers
     control to the dynamic linker.  After the dynamic linker has finished
     loading, relocating, and initializing the program and its required shared
     objects, it transfers control to the entry point of the program.

     To locate the required shared objects in the file system, ld-elf.so.1 may
     use a ``hints'' file prepared by the ldconfig(8) utility.

     The ld-elf.so.1 utility recognizes a number of environment variables that
     can be used to modify its behaviour as follows:

     LD_DUMP_REL_POST	If set ld-elf.so.1 will print a table containing all
			relocations after symbol binding and relocation.

     LD_DUMP_REL_PRE	If set ld-elf.so.1 will print a table containing all
			relocations before symbol binding and relocation.

     LD_LIBMAP_DISABLE	If set, disables the use of libmap.conf(5).

     LD_LIBRARY_PATH	A colon separated list of directories, overriding the
			default search path for shared libraries.  This is
			ignored for set-user-ID and set-group-ID programs.

     LD_PRELOAD 	A list of shared libraries, separated by colons and/or
			white space, to be linked in before any other shared
			libraries.  If the directory is not specified then the
			directories specified by LD_LIBRARY_PATH will be
			searched first followed by the set of built-in standard
 directories.  This is ignored for set-user-ID and
			set-group-ID programs.

     LD_BIND_NOW	When set to a nonempty string, causes ld-elf.so.1 to
			relocate all external function calls before starting
			execution of the program.  Normally, function calls
			are bound lazily, at the first call of each function.
			LD_BIND_NOW increases the start-up time of a program,
			but it avoids run-time surprises caused by unexpectedly
 undefined functions.

			When set to a nonempty string, causes ld-elf.so.1 to
			exit after loading the shared objects and printing a
			summary which includes the absolute pathnames of all
			objects, to standard output.

			When set to a nonempty string, causes ld-elf.so.1 to
			expand the summary to indicate which objects caused
			each object to be loaded.


			When set, these variables are interpreted as format
			strings a la printf(3) to customize the trace output
			and are used by ldd(1)'s -f option and allows ldd(1)
			to be operated as a filter more conveniently.  The
			following conversions can be used:

			%a    The main program's name (also known as

			%A    The value of the environment variable

			%o    The library name.

			%m    The library's major version number.

			%p    The full pathname as determined by rtld's
			      library search rules.

			%x    The library's load address.

			Additionally, `\n' and `\t' are recognized and have
			their usual meaning.

FILES    [Toc]    [Back]

     /var/run/ld-elf.so.hints  Hints file.
     /etc/libmap.conf	       The libmap configuration file.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     ld(1), ldd(1), elf(5), libmap.conf(5), ldconfig(8)

FreeBSD 5.2.1			 May 31, 2003			 FreeBSD 5.2.1
[ Back ]
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