wb - Winbond W89C840F Fast Ethernet driver
wb* at pci? dev ? function ?
The wb driver provides support for PCI Ethernet adapters and
controllers based on the Winbond W89C840F Fast Ethernet controller chip.
This includes the Trendware TE100-PCIE and various other
The 840F should not be confused with the 940F, which is an
and only supports 10Mbps speeds.
The Winbond controller uses bus master DMA and is designed
to be a DEC
"tulip" work-alike. It differs from the standard DEC design
ways: the control and status registers are spaced 4 bytes
of 8, and the receive filter is programmed through registers
by downloading a special setup frame via the transmit DMA
an external PHY, the Winbond chip supports both 10 and
100Mbps speeds in
either full or half duplex.
The wb driver supports the following media types:
autoselect Enable autoselection of the media type and options. This is
only supported if the PHY chip attached to the
supports NWAY autonegotiation. The user can manually
override the autoselected mode by adding media options to
the appropriate hostname.if(5) file.
10baseT Set 10Mbps operation. The mediaopt option can
also be used
to select either full-duplex or half-duplex
100baseTX Set 100Mbps (Fast Ethernet) operation. The
can also be used to select either full-duplex
The wb driver supports the following media options:
full-duplex Force full duplex operation.
half-duplex Force half duplex operation.
Note that the 100baseTX media type is only available if supported by the
adapter. For more information on configuring this device,
wb%d: couldn't map memory A fatal initialization error has
wb%d: couldn't map interrupt A fatal initialization error
wb%d: watchdog timeout The device has stopped responding to
or there is a problem with the network connection (cable).
wb%d: no memory for rx list The driver failed to allocate
an mbuf for
the receiver ring.
wb%d: no memory for tx list The driver failed to allocate
an mbuf for
the transmitter ring when allocating a pad buffer or collapsing an mbuf
chain into a cluster.
wb%d: chip is in D3 power state -- setting to D0 This message applies
only to adapters which support power management. Some operating systems
place the controller in low power mode when shutting down,
and some PCI
BIOSes fail to bring the chip out of this state before configuring it.
The controller loses all of its PCI configuration in the D3
state, so if
the BIOS does not set it back to full power mode in time, it
able to configure it correctly. The driver tries to detect
and bring the adapter back to the D0 (full power)
state, but this
may not be enough to return the driver to a fully operational condition.
If this message appears at boot time and the driver fails to
device as a network interface, a second warm boot will have
to be performed
to have the device properly configured.
Note that this condition only occurs when warm booting from
system. If the system is powered down prior to booting OpenBSD,
the card should be configured correctly.
arp(4), ifmedia(4), intro(4), netintro(4), pci(4), hostname.if(5),
The wb device driver first appeared in FreeBSD 3.0. OpenBSD
first appeared in OpenBSD 2.5.
The wb driver was written by Bill Paul
The Winbond chip seems to behave strangely in some cases
when the link
partner switches modes. If, for example, both sides are set
half-duplex, and the other end is changed to 100Mbps fullduplex, the
Winbond's receiver suddenly starts writing trash all over
the RX descriptors.
The wb driver handles this by forcing a reset of both
chip and attached PHY. This is drastic, but it appears to be the
only way to recover properly from this condition.
OpenBSD 3.6 November 4, 1998
[ Back ]