cz - Cyclades-Z series multi-port serial adapter device
cz* at pci? dev ? function ?
The cz device driver supports the Cyclades-Z series of multi-port serial
adapters. The Cyclades-Z is an intelligent serial controller comprising:
+o PLX9060ES PCI bus interface
+o Xilinx XC5204 FPGA
+o IDT R3052 MIPS CPU
The MIPS CPU runs firmware provided by the device driver.
with the MIPS is performed by modifying data structures located in board
local RAM or host RAM.
The Cyclades-Z comes in three basic flavors:
+o Cyclades-8Zo rev. 1 -- This is an older 8-port
board with no
FPGA. The serial ports are provided by an octopus
+o Cyclades-8Zo rev. 2 -- This is the newer 8-port
board. The serial
ports are provided by an octopus cable.
+o Cyclades-Ze -- This is the expandable version of
It uses an HD-50 SCSI cable to connect the
board to a 1U
rack mountable serial expansion box. Each box has
16 RJ45 serial
ports, and up to 4 boxes may be chained together, for a
total of 64 ports. Boxes 3 and 4 require their
power supply, otherwise the firmware will refuse
to start (as
it cannot communicate with the UARTs in those boxes).
The Cyclades-Z has several features to improve performance
under high serial
+o The board may operate in interrupt-driven mode or
to reduce interrupt load.
+o Each channel has a large input and output buffer.
+o Each channel may be programmed to generate an interrupt based
on reception of a specific character, e.g. a PPP
+o The MIPS CPU on the board performs all flow-control handling.
/dev/ttyZ?? dial-in (normal) TTY device
/dev/cuaZ?? dial-out TTY device
intro(4), pci(4), termios(4), tty(4)
The cz driver first appeared in OpenBSD 3.0.
The cz driver was written by Jason R. Thorpe <email@example.com> and
Bill Studenmund <firstname.lastname@example.org> of Zembu Labs, Inc.
The cz driver does not currently implement communication via
While this may improve performance by reducing the number of
space read/write cycles, it is not straightforward to implement with the
current bus_dma(9) API.
Interrupt mode has not been tested.
There is no support for reading or writing the EEPROM connected to the
PLX PCI bus controller.
OpenBSD 3.6 May 17, 2000
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