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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     nfssvc - NFS services

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     #include <unistd.h>
     #include <nfs/nfs.h>

     nfssvc(int flags, void *argstructp);

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     The nfssvc() function is used by the NFS daemons to pass information into
     and  out  of  the  kernel  and also to enter the kernel as a
server daemon.
     The flags argument consists of several bits that  show  what
action is to
     be taken once in the kernel and the argstructp points to one
of three
     structures depending on which bits are set in flags.

     On the client side, there  is  no  longer  a  need  to  call
nfssvc() with the
     flags  argument  set to NFSSVC_BIOD since this functionality
has been replaced
 by a nfsiod implementation using kernel threads.  See
nfsd(8) and
     sysctl(8)  for  further discussion.  For NQNFS, mount_nfs(8)
calls nfssvc()
     with the NFSSVC_MNTD flag, optionally or'd  with  the  flags
     and NFSSVC_AUTHINFAIL along with a pointer to a

     struct nfsd_cargs {
             char            *ncd_dirp;      /* Mount dir path */
             uid_t           ncd_authuid;    /* Effective uid */
             int             ncd_authtype;   /* Type of authenticator */
             u_int            ncd_authlen;   /* Length of authenticator string */
             u_char           *ncd_authstr;    /*   Authenticator
string */
             u_int            ncd_verflen;    /* and the verifier
             u_char          *ncd_verfstr;
             NFSKERBKEY_T    ncd_key;        /* Session key */

     structure.  The initial call has only the  NFSSVC_MNTD  flag
set to specify
     service  for  the  mount point.  If the mount point is using
Kerberos, then
     the mount_nfs(8) daemon will return from nfssvc() with errno
set to
     ENEEDAUTH  whenever the client side requires an ``rcmd'' authentication
     ticket for the user.  mount_nfs(8) will attempt to  get  the
Kerberos ticket,
  and if successful will call nfssvc() with the flags NFSSVC_MNTD and
     NFSSVC_GOTAUTH after filling the ticket into the ncd_authstr
field and
     setting  the  ncd_authlen  and  ncd_authtype  fields  of the
nfsd_cargs structure.
  If mount_nfs(8) failed to get  the  ticket,  nfssvc()
will be called
     with  the  flags  NFSSVC_MNTD, NFSSVC_GOTAUTH and NFSSVC_AUTHINFAIL to denote
 a failed authentication attempt.

     On the server side, nfssvc() is called  with  the  flag  NFSSVC_NFSD and a
     pointer to a

     struct nfsd_srvargs {
             struct nfsd     *nsd_nfsd;   /* Pointer to in kernel
nfsd struct */
             uid_t            nsd_uid;         /*  Effective  uid
mapped to cred */
             u_int32_t        nsd_haddr;       /*  IP  address of
client */
             struct ucred    nsd_cr;         /* Cred. uid maps to
             int              nsd_authlen;     /*  Length of auth
string (ret) */
             u_char          *nsd_authstr;   /* Auth string (ret)
             int              nsd_verflen;    /* and the verifier
             u_char          *nsd_verfstr;
             struct timeval  nsd_timestamp;   /*  timestamp  from
verifier */
             u_int32_t        nsd_ttl;         /*  credential ttl
(sec) */
             NFSKERBKEY_T    nsd_key;        /* Session key */

     to enter the kernel  as  an  nfsd(8)  daemon.   Whenever  an
nfsd(8) daemon receives
 a Kerberos authentication ticket, it will return from
     with errno set to ENEEDAUTH.  The nfsd(8)  will  attempt  to
     the  ticket  and generate a set of credentials on the server
for the user
     ID specified in the field nsd_uid.  This is  done  by  first
     the  Kerberos ticket and then mapping the Kerberos principal
to a local
     name and getting a set of credentials for that user via getpwnam(3) and
     getgrouplist(3).   If  successful,  the  nfsd(8)  will  call
nfssvc() with the
     NFSSVC_NFSD and NFSSVC_AUTHIN flags set to pass the  credential mapping in
     nsd_cr into the kernel to be cached on the server socket for
that client.
     If the authentication failed, nfsd(8)  calls  nfssvc()  with
the flags
     NFSSVC_NFSD  and  NFSSVC_AUTHINFAIL to denote an authentication failure.

     The master nfsd(8) server daemon  calls  nfssvc()  with  the
     NFSSVC_ADDSOCK and a pointer to a

     struct nfsd_args {
             int     sock;     /* Socket to serve */
             caddr_t  name;      /* Client address for connection
based sockets */
             int     namelen;  /* Length of name */

     to pass a server side NFS socket into the kernel for servicing by the
     nfsd(8) daemons.

RETURN VALUES    [Toc]    [Back]

     Normally  nfssvc does not return unless the server is terminated by a signal
 when a value of 0 is returned.   Otherwise,  -1  is  returned and the
     global variable errno is set to specify the error.

ERRORS    [Toc]    [Back]

     [ENEEDAUTH]    This  special  error value is really used for
                   support, particularly Kerberos,  as  explained

     [EPERM]       The caller is not the superuser.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

     mount_nfs(8), nfsd(8), sysctl(8)

HISTORY    [Toc]    [Back]

     The nfssvc function first appeared in 4.4BSD.

BUGS    [Toc]    [Back]

     The  nfssvc system call is designed specifically for the NFS
support daemons
 and as such is  specific  to  their  requirements.   It
should really return
 values to indicate the need for authentication support,
     ENEEDAUTH is not really an error.  Several fields of the argument structures
  are assumed to be valid and sometimes to be unchanged
from a previous
 call, such that nfssvc must be used with extreme care.

OpenBSD      3.6                           June      9,      1993
[ Back ]
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