prove -- A command-line tool for running tests against
prove [options] [files/directories]
-b, --blib Adds blib/lib to the path for your
tests, a la "use blib".
-d, --debug Includes extra debugging information.
-D, --dry Dry run: Show the tests to run, but
don't run them.
--ext=x Extensions (defaults to .t)
-h, --help Display this help
-H, --man Longer manpage for prove
-I Add libraries to @INC, as Perl's -I
-l, --lib Add lib to the path for your tests.
-r, --recurse Recursively descend into directories.
-s, --shuffle Run the tests in a random order.
-T Enable tainting checks
-t Enable tainting warnings
-v, --verbose Display standard output of test
scripts while running them.
-V, --version Display version info
Single-character options may be stacked. Default options
may be set by specifying the PROVE_SWITCHES environment
prove is a command-line interface to the test-running
functionality of "Test::Harness". With no arguments, it
will run all tests in the current directory.
Shell metacharacters may be used with command lines
options and will be exanded via "glob".
PROVE VS. "MAKE TEST"
prove has a number of advantages over "make test" when
* prove is designed as a development tool
Perl users typically run the test harness through a
makefile via "make test". That's fine for module distributions,
but it's suboptimal for a test/code/debug
* prove is granular
prove lets your run against only the files you want to
check. Running "prove t/live/ t/master.t" checks
every *.t in t/live, plus t/master.t.
* prove has an easy verbose mode
prove has a "-v" option to see the raw output from the
tests. To do this with "make test", you must set
"HARNESS_VERBOSE=1" in the environment.
* prove can run under taint mode
prove's "-T" runs your tests under "perl -T", and "-t"
runs them under "perl -t".
* prove can shuffle tests
You can use prove's "--shuffle" option to try to
excite problems that don't show up when tests are run
in the same order every time.
* prove doesn't rely on a make tool
Not everyone wants to write a makefile, or use ExtUtils::MakeMaker
to do so. prove has no external
* Not everything is a module
More and more users are using Perl's testing tools
outside the context of a module distribution, and may
not even use a makefile at all.
Adds blib/lib to the path for your tests, a la "use blib".
Include debug information about how prove is being run.
This option doesn't show the output from the test scripts.
That's handled by -v,--verbose.
Dry run: Show the tests to run, but don't run them.
Specify extensions of the test files to run. By default,
these are .t, but you may have other non-.t test files,
most likely .sh shell scripts. The --ext is repeatable.
Add libraries to @INC, as Perl's -I.
Add "lib" to @INC. Equivalent to "-Ilib".
Descends into subdirectories of any directories specified,
looking for tests.
Sometimes tests are accidentally dependent on tests that
have been run before. This switch will shuffle the tests
to be run prior to running them, thus ensuring that hidden
dependencies in the test order are likely to be revealed.
The author hopes the run the algorithm on the preceding
sentence to see if he can produce something slightly less
Runs test programs under perl's -t taint warning mode.
Runs test programs under perl's -T taint mode.
Display standard output of test scripts while running
them. Also sets TEST_VERBOSE in case your tests rely on
Display version info.
Please use the CPAN bug ticketing system at
<http://rt.cpan.org/>. You can also mail bugs, fixes and
enhancements to "<firstname.lastname@example.org>".
o Shuffled tests must be recreatable
Andy Lester "<email@example.com>"
Copyright 2003 by Andy Lester "<firstname.lastname@example.org>".
This program is free software; you can redistribute it
and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.
perl v5.8.5 2002-11-06 3 [ Back ]