mkdir - make directories
mkdir [-p] [-m mode] directory_name [...]
The mkdir utility creates the directories named as operands,
in the order
specified, using mode rwxrwxrwx (0777) as modified by the
The options are as follows:
Set the file permission bits of the final created
the specified mode. The mode argument can be in any
of the formats
specified to the chmod(1) utility. If a symbolic mode is
specified, the operators `+' and `-' are interpreted
an initial mode of ``a=rwx''.
-p Create intermediate directories as required. If
this option is
not specified, the full path prefix of each operand
exist. Intermediate directories are created with
of rwxrwxrwx (0777) as modified by the current
umask, plus write
and search permission for the owner. Do not consider it an error
if the argument directory already exists.
The user must have write permission in the parent directory.
The mkdir utility exits 0 on success or >0 if an error occurred.
$ mkdir foobar
Create a directory named foobar.
$ mkdir -m 700 foobar
Create a directory named foobar and set its file mode to
$ mkdir -p cow/horse/monkey
Create a directory named cow/horse/monkey, creating any nonexistent intermediate
directories as necessary.
chmod(1), rmdir(1), umask(2)
The mkdir utility is expected to be IEEE Std 1003.2
A mkdir command appeared in Version 1 AT&T UNIX.
OpenBSD 3.6 January 25, 1994
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