lpq - spool queue examination program
lpq [-al] [-Pprinter] [job# ...] [user ...]
lpq examines the spooling area used by lpd(8) for printing
files on the
line printer, and reports the status of the specified jobs
or all jobs
associated with a user. lpq invoked without any arguments
reports on any
jobs currently in the queue.
The options are as follows:
-P Specify a particular printer, otherwise the default
is used (or the value of the PRINTER variable in the
All other arguments supplied are interpreted
names or job numbers to filter out only those jobs
-l Information about each of the files comprising the
job entry is
printed. Normally, only as much information as will
fit on one
line is displayed.
-a Report on the local queues for all printers, rather
than just the
For each job submitted (i.e., invocation of lpr(1)) lpq reports the user's
name, current rank in the queue, the names of files
job, the job identifier (a number which may be supplied to
removing a specific job), and the total size in bytes. Job
dependent on the algorithm used to scan the spooling directory and is
supposed to be FIFO (First In First Out). File names comprising a job
may be unavailable (when lpr(1) is used as a sink in a
pipeline) in which
case the file is indicated as ``(standard input)''.
If lpq warns that there is no daemon present (i.e., due to
the lpc(8) command can be used to restart the printer
If the following environment variable exists, it is used by
PRINTER Specifies an alternate default printer.
/etc/printcap To determine printer characteristics.
/var/spool/* The spooling directory, as determined from
/var/spool/output/*/cf* Control files specifying jobs.
/var/spool/output/*/lock The lock file to obtain the currently active
Unable to open various files. The lock file being malformed. Garbage
files when there is no daemon active, but files in the
lpr(1), lprm(1), lpc(8), lpd(8)
lpq appeared in 3BSD.
Due to the dynamic nature of the information in the spooling
lpq may report unreliably. Output formatting is sensitive
to the line
length of the terminal; this can result in widely spaced
OpenBSD 3.6 April 28, 1995
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