finger - user information lookup program
finger [-hlMmops] [user ...]
finger [-l] [user@host ...]
The finger utility displays information about local and remote system
users. By default, the following information is displayed
about each user
currently logged-in to the local host:
+o login name
+o user's full name
+o associated terminal name
+o idle time
+o login time
+o office location
+o office phone
Idle time is in minutes if it is a single integer, hours and
minutes if a
`:' is present, or days if a `d' is present. Login time is
the day name if less than six days, else month, day, hours
unless more than six months ago, in which case the year is
rather than the hours and minutes.
The names of terminals for which write permission is denied
are prepended with an asterisk (`*'). Unknown devices as
well as nonexistent
idle and login times are displayed as single asterisks.
The options are as follows:
-h If the -s option is also specified, the name of the
is displayed instead of the office location and office phone.
-l Long format. Produces a multi-line format displaying all of the
information available from the -s option as well as
home directory, home phone number, login shell, mail
the contents of the ``.plan'' and ``.project'' files
from the user's
If idle time is at least a minute and less than a
day, it is presented
in the form ``hh:mm''. Idle times greater
than a day are
presented as ``d day[s]hh:mm''.
Phone numbers specified as eleven digits are printed
Numbers specified as ten or seven digits are printed
as the appropriate subset of that string. Numbers
five digits are printed as ``xN-NNNN''. Numbers
four digits are printed as ``xNNNN''.
If write permission is denied to the device, the
``(messages off)'' is appended to the line containing the device
name. One entry per user is displayed with the -l
option; if a
user is logged on multiple times, terminal information is repeated
once per login.
Mail status is shown as ``No Mail.'' if there is no
mail at all,
``Mail last read DDD MMM ## HH:MM YYYY (TZ)'' if the
looked at their mailbox since new mail arriving, or
received ...'', ``Unread since ...'' if they have
-M Enable matching of user names. This is disabled by
systems running YP or with large password databases.
-m Prevent matching of user names. User is usually a
however, matching will also be done on the users'
real names, unless
the -m option is supplied. All name matching
finger is case insensitive.
-o If the -s option is also specified, the office location and office
phone is displayed instead of the name of the
-p Prevents the -l option of finger from displaying the
the ``.plan'' and ``.project'' files.
-s Short format (default). The information as described above is
displayed in a columnar fashion.
If no options are specified, finger defaults to the -l style
operands are provided, otherwise to the -s style. Note that
may be missing, in either format, if information is not
finger may be used to look up users on a remote machine.
The format is
to specify a user as ``user@host'', or ``@host'', where the
format for the former is the -l style, and the default
for the latter is the -s style. The -l option is the only
may be passed to a remote machine.
chpass(1), w(1), who(1), fingerd(8)
The finger command appeared in 3.0BSD.
OpenBSD 3.6 July 27, 1991
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