pipe - create descriptor pair for interprocess communication
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
The pipe() function creates a pipe, which is an object allowing unidirectional
data flow, and allocates a pair of file descriptors. The first
descriptor connects to the read end of the pipe, and the second connects
to the write end, so that data written to fildes appears on (i.e., can
be read from) fildes. This allows the output of one program to be
sent to another program: the source's standard output is set up to be the
write end of the pipe, and the sink's standard input is set up to be the
read end of the pipe. The pipe itself persists until all its associated
descriptors are closed.
A pipe whose read or write end has been closed is considered widowed.
Writing on such a pipe causes the writing process to receive a SIGPIPE
signal. Widowing a pipe is the only way to deliver end-of-file to a
reader: after the reader consumes any buffered data, reading a widowed
pipe returns a zero count.
On successful creation of the pipe, zero is returned. Otherwise, a value
of -1 is returned and the variable errno set to indicate the error.
The pipe() call will fail if:
[EMFILE] Too many descriptors are active.
[ENFILE] The system file table is full.
[EFAULT] The fildes buffer is in an invalid area of the process's
address space. The reliable detection of this
error cannot be guaranteed; when not detected, a signal
may be delivered to the process, indicating an
sh(1), fork(2), read(2), socketpair(2), write(2)
The pipe() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9945-1:1990 (``POSIX.1'').
A pipe() function call appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.
BSD July 17, 1994 BSD
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