clock_settime, clock_gettime, clock_getres - clock and timer functions
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
clock_settime(clockid_t clock_id, const struct timespec *tp);
clock_gettime(clockid_t clock_id, struct timespec *tp);
clock_getres(clockid_t clock_id, struct timespec *res);
The clock_settime() function sets the clock identified by clock_id to the
absolute time specified by tp. If the time specified by tp is not a multiple
of the resolution of the clock, tp is truncated to a multiple of
clock_gettime() function stores the time of the clock identified by
clock_id into the location specified by tp.
The clock_getres() function stores the resolution of the clock identified
by clock_id into the location specified by res, unless res is NULL.
A clock_id of CLOCK_REALTIME identifies the realtime clock for the system.
For this clock, the values specified by clock_settime() and
obtained by clock_gettime() represent the amount of time (in seconds and
nanoseconds) since 00:00 Universal Coordinated Time, January 1, 1970.
A clock_id of CLOCK_MONOTONIC identifies a clock that increases at a
steady rate (monotonically). This clock is not affected by calls to
adjtime(2) and settimeofday(2) and will fail with an EINVAL error if it
the clock specified in a call to clock_settime(). The origin of the
clock is unspecified.
If the calling user is not the super-user, then the clock_settime() function
in the standard C library will try to use the clockctl(4) device if
present, thus making possible for non privileged users to set the system
time. If clockctl(4) is not present or not accessible, then
clock_settime() reverts to the clock_settime() system call, which is
restricted to the super user.
A value of 0 is returned on success. Otherwise, a value of -1 is
returned and errno is set to indicate the error.
The clock_settime(), clock_gettime() and clock_getres() functions will
[EINVAL] The clock_id argument does not specify a known clock.
[ENOSYS] The function is not supported by this implementation.
The clock_settime() function will fail if:
[EINVAL] The tp argument is outside the range for the specified
[EINVAL] The tp argument specified a nanosecond value less than
zero of greater than or equal 1000 million.
[EINVAL] The clock_id argument is a clock that can not be
[EPERM] The calling process does not have the appropriate
privilege to set the specified clock, clock_id.
The clock_gettime() function will fail if:
[EFAULT] The tp argument specifies an address that is not a
valid part of the process address space.
ctime(3), time(3), clockctl(4)
The clock_settime(), clock_gettime() and clock_getres() functions conform
to IEEE Std 1003.1b-1993 (``POSIX.1'').
BSD February 11, 1999 BSD
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