dpkg-deb - Debian package archive (.deb) manipulation tool
dpkg-deb -b|--build directory [archive|directory]
dpkg-deb -I|--info archive [control-file-name ..]
dpkg-deb -f|--field archive [control-field-name ...]
dpkg-deb -c|--contents archive
dpkg-deb -x|--extract|-X|--vextract archive directory
dpkg-deb --fsys-tarfile archive
dpkg-deb --control archive directory
dpkg-deb packs, unpacks and provides information about Debian archives.
Use dpkg to install and remove packages from your system.
You can also invoke dpkg-deb by calling dpkg with whatever options you
want to pass to dpkg-deb. dpkg will spot that you wanted dpkg-deb and
run it for you.
Creates a debian archive from the filesystem tree stored in
directory. directory must have a DEBIAN subdirectory, which
contains the control information files such as the control file
itself. This directory will not appear in the binary package's
filesystem archive, but instead the files in it will be put in
the binary package's control information area.
You can specify the compressionlevel used by adding a -z#
option. dpkg-deb will pass that option on to gzip.
Unless you specify --nocheck, dpkg-deb will read DEBIAN/control
and parse it. It will check it for syntax errors and other
problems, and display the name of the binary package being
built. dpkg-deb will also check the permissions of the maintainer
scripts and other files found in the DEBIAN control
If no archive is specified then dpkg-deb will write the package
into the file directory.deb.
If the archive to be created already exists it will be overwritten.
If the second argument is a directory then dpkg-deb will write
to the file package_version_arch.deb, or package_version.deb if
no Architecture field is present in the package control file.
When a target directory is specified, rather than a file, the
--nocheck option may not be used (since dpkg-deb needs to read
and parse the package control file to determine which filename
Provides information about a binary package archive.
If no control-file-names are specified then it will print a summary
of the contents of the package as well as its control file.
If any control-file-names are specified then dpkg-deb will print
them in the order they were specified; if any of the components
weren't present it will print an error message to stderr about
each one and exit with status 2.
Extracts control file information from a binary package archive.
If no control-file-fields are specified then it will print the
whole control file.
If any are specified then dpkg-deb will print their contents, in
the order in which they appear in the control file. If more
than one control-file-field is specified then dpkg-deb will precede
each with its field name (and a colon and space).
No errors are reported for fields requested but not found.
Lists the contents of the filesystem tree archive portion of the
package archive. It is currently produced in the format generated
by tar's verbose listing.
--extract, -x, --vextract, -X
Extracts the filesystem tree from a package archive into the
--vextract (-X) prints a listing of the files extracted as it
goes, while --extract (-x) is silent unless an error occurs.
Note that extracting a package to the root directory will not
result in a correct installation ! Use dpkg to install packages.
directory (but not its parents) will be created if necessary.
Extracts the filesystem tree data from a binary package and
sends it to standard output in tar format. Together with tar
this can be used to extract a particular file from a package archive.
Extracs the control information files from a package archive
into the specified directory.
If no directory is specified then a subdirectory DEBIAN in the
current directory is used.
The target directory (but not its parents) will be created if
Prints dpkg-deb's usage message, giving a summary of its options
and their uses.
Prints dpkg-deb's version number.
Prints information about dpkg-deb's copyright licensing and lack
of warranty. (The American spelling --license is also supported.)
--new Ensures that dpkg-deb builds a `new' format archive. This is
--old Forces dpkg-deb to build an `old' format archive. This old archive
format is less easily parsed by non-Debian tools and is
now obsolete; its only use is when building packages to be
parsed by versions of dpkg older than 0.93.76 (September 1995),
which was released as i386 a.out only.
Inhibits dpkg-deb --build's usual checks on the proposed contents
of an archive. You can build any archive you want, no
matter how broken, this way.
Enables debugging output. This is not very interesting.
dpkg-deb -I package1.deb package2.deb does the wrong thing.
There is no authentication on .deb files; in fact, there isn't even a
Do not attempt to use just dpkg-deb to install software ! You must use
dpkg proper to ensure that all the files are correctly placed and the
package's scripts run and its status and contents recorded.
deb(5), deb-control(5), dpkg(8), dselect(8).
dpkg-deb and this manpage were written by Ian Jackson. They are Copyright
(C)1995-1996 by him and released under the GNU General Public
Licence; there is NO WARRANTY. See /usr/share/doc/dpkg/copyright and
/usr/share/common-licenses/GPL for details.
Debian Project 1st June 1996 DPKG-DEB(1)
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