vc - version control
vc [-a] [-t] [-cchar] [-s] [keyword=value ... keyword=value]
The vc command copies lines from the standard input to the standard
output under control of its arguments and control statements encountered
in the standard input. In the process of performing the copy operation,
user declared keywords may be replaced by their string value when they
appear in plain text and/or control statements.
The copying of lines from the standard input to the standard output is
conditional, based on tests (in control statements) of keyword values
specified in control statements or as vc command arguments.
A control statement is a single line beginning with a control character,
except as modified by the -t keyletter (see below). The default control
character is colon (:), except as modified by the -c keyletter (see
below). Input lines beginning with a backslash (\) followed by a control
character are not control lines and are copied to the standard output
with the backslash removed. Lines beginning with a backslash followed by
a non-control character are copied in their entirety.
A keyword is composed of 9 or less alphanumerics; the first must be
alphabetic. A value is any ASCII string that can be created with ed(1);
a numeric value is an unsigned string of digits. Keyword values may not
contain blanks or tabs.
Replacement of keywords by values is done whenever a keyword surrounded
by control characters is encountered on a version control statement. The
-a keyletter (see below) forces replacement of keywords in all lines of
text. An uninterpreted control character may be included in a value by
preceding it with \. If a literal \ is desired, then it too must be
preceded by \.
Keyletter Arguments [Toc] [Back]
-a Forces replacement of keywords surrounded by control
characters with their assigned value in all text lines and
not just in vc statements.
-t All characters from the beginning of a line up to and
including the first tab character are ignored for the purpose
of detecting a control statement. If one is found, all
characters up to and including the tab are discarded.
-cchar Specifies a control character to be used in place of :.
-s Silences warning messages (not error) that are normally
printed on the diagnostic output.
Version Control Statements [Toc] [Back]
:dcl keyword[, ..., keyword]
Used to declare keywords. All keywords must be declared.
Used to assign values to keywords. An asg statement overrides the
assignment for the corresponding keyword on the vc command line and
all previous asg's for that keyword. Keywords declared, but not
assigned values have null values.
Used to skip lines of the standard input. If the condition is true
all lines between the if statement and the matching end statement
are copied to the standard output. If the condition is false, all
intervening lines are discarded, including control statements. Note
that intervening if statements and matching end statements are
recognized solely for the purpose of maintaining the proper if-end
The syntax of a condition is:
<cond> ::= [ "not" ] <or>
<or> ::= <and> | <and> "|" <or>
<and> ::= <exp> | <exp> "&" <and>
<exp> ::= "(" <or> ")" | <value> <op> <value>
<op> ::= "=" | "!=" | "<" | ">"
<value> ::= <arbitrary ASCII string> | <numeric string>
The available operators and their meanings are:
!= not equal
> greater than
< less than
( ) used for logical groupings
not may only occur immediately after the if, and
when present, inverts the value of the
The > and < operate only on unsigned integer values (e.g., : 012 >
12 is false). All other operators take strings as arguments (e.g.,
: 012 != 12 is true). The precedence of the operators (from highest
to lowest) is:
= != > < all of equal precedence
Parentheses may be used to alter the order of precedence.
Values must be separated from operators or parentheses by at least
one blank or tab.
Used for keyword replacement on lines that are copied to the
standard output. The two leading control characters are removed,
and keywords surrounded by control characters in text are replaced
by their value before the line is copied to the output file. This
action is independent of the -a keyletter.
Turn on or off keyword replacement on all lines.
Change the control character to char.
Prints the given message on the diagnostic output.
Prints the given message followed by:
ERROR: err statement on line ... (915)
on the diagnostic output. vc halts execution, and returns an exit
code of 1.
Use help(1) for explanations.
0 - normal
1 - any error
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