NAME [Toc] [Back]
groups - show group memberships
SYNOPSIS [Toc] [Back]
groups [-p] [-g] [-l] [user]
DESCRIPTION [Toc] [Back]
groups shows the groups to which the caller or the optionally
specified user belong. If invoked with no arguments, groups prints
the current access list returned by getgroups() (see getgroups(2)).
Each user belongs to a group specified in the password file
/etc/passwd and possibly to other groups as specified in the files
/etc/group and /etc/logingroup. A user is granted the permissions of
those groups specified in /etc/passwd and /etc/logingroup at login
time. The permissions of the groups specified in /etc/group are
normally available only with the use of newgrp (see newgrp(1)). If a
user name is specified with no options, groups prints the union of all
The -p, -g, and -l options limit the printed list to those groups
specified in /etc/passwd, /etc/group, and /etc/logingroup,
respectively. If a user name is not specified with any of these
options, cuserid() is called to determine the default user name (see
The printed list of groups is sorted in ascending collation order (see
Environment Variables below).
EXTERNAL INFLUENCES [Toc] [Back]
LC_COLLATE determines the order in which the output is sorted.
If LC_COLLATE is not specified in the environment or is set to the
empty string, the value of LANG is used as a default. If LANG is not
specified or is set to the empty string, a default of ``C'' (see
lang(5)) is used instead of LANG. If any internationalization
variable contains an invalid setting, groups behaves as if all
internationalization variables are set to ``C'' (see environ(5)).
EXAMPLES [Toc] [Back]
Check file /etc/logingroup and display all groups to which user tim
groups -l tim
AUTHOR [Toc] [Back]
groups was developed by the University of California, Berkeley.
FILES [Toc] [Back]
Hewlett-Packard Company - 1 - HP-UX 11i Version 2: August 2003
SEE ALSO [Toc] [Back]
id(1), newgrp(1), getgroups(2), initgroups(3C), cuserid(3S), group(4).
Hewlett-Packard Company - 2 - HP-UX 11i Version 2: August 2003 [ Back ]