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AMD.CONF(5)

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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     amd.conf -- amd configuration file

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     amd.conf

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     The amd.conf file is the configuration file for amd, as part of the amutils
 suite.

     amd.conf contains runtime configuration information for the amd(8) automounter
 program.

FILE FORMAT    [Toc]    [Back]

     The file consists of sections and parameters.  A section begins with the
     name of the section in square brackets and continues until the next section
 begins or the end of the file is reached.  Sections contain parameters
 of the form `name = value'.

     The file is line-based - that is, each newline-terminated line represents
     either a comment, a section name or a parameter.  No line-continuation
     syntax is available.

     Section, parameter names and their values are case sensitive.

     Only the first equals sign in a parameter is significant.	Whitespace
     before or after the first equals sign is discarded.  Leading, trailing
     and internal whitespace in section and parameter names is irrelevant.
     Leading and trailing whitespace in a parameter value is discarded.
     Internal whitespace within a parameter value is not allowed, unless the
     whole parameter value is quoted with double quotes as in `name =
     "some value"'.

     Any line beginning with a pound sign (#) is ignored, as are lines containing
 only whitespace.

     The values following the equals sign in parameters are all either a
     string (no quotes needed if string does not include spaces) or a boolean,
     which may be given as yes/no.  Case is significant in all values.	Some
     items such as cache timeouts are numeric.

SECTIONS    [Toc]    [Back]

   The [global] section
     Parameters in this section either apply to amd as a whole, or to all
     other regular map sections which follow.  There should be only one global
     section defined in one configuration file.

     It is highly recommended that this section be specified first in the configuration
 file.  If it is not, then regular map sections which precede
     it will not use global values defined later.

   Regular [/map] sections
     Parameters in regular (non-global) sections apply to a single map entry.
     For example, if the map section [/homes] is defined, then all parameters
     following it will be applied to the /homes amd-managed mount point.

PARAMETERS    [Toc]    [Back]

   Parameters common to all sections
     These parameters can be specified either in the global or a map specific
     section.  Entries specified in a map-specific section override the
     default value or one defined in the global section.   If such a common
     parameter is specified only in the global section, it is applicable to
     all regular map sections that follow.

     browsable_dirs (string, default=no)
	   If "yes", then amd's top-level mount points will be browsable to
	   readdir(3) calls.  This means you could run for example ls(1) and
	   see what keys are available to mount in that directory.  Not all
	   entries are made visible to readdir(3): the "/default" entry, wildcard
 entries, and those with a "/" in them are not included.  If
	   you specify "full" to this option, all but "/default" will be visible.
  Note that if you run a command which will attempt to the
	   entries, such as often done by "ls -l" or "ls -F", amd will attempt
	   to mount entry in that map.	This is often called a ``mount
	   storm''.

	   This option is the same as specifying map options on the command
	   line to amd, such as "cache:=all".

	   If specified, amd will initialize the map only for the type given.
	   This is useful to avoid the default map search type used by amd
	   which takes longer and can have undesired side-effects such as initializing
 NIS even if not used.  Possible values are

	   file      plain files
	   hesiod    Hesiod name service from MIT
	   ldap      Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
	   ndbm      (New) dbm style hash files
	   nis	     Network Information Services (version 2)
	   nisplus   Network Information Services Plus (version 3)
	   passwd    local password files
	   union     union maps

	   All amd mount types must be NFS.  That is, amd is an NFS server on
	   the map mount points, for the local host it is running on.  If
	   "autofs" is specified, amd will log an error and convert it to NFS.

	   This provides a (colon-delimited) search path for file maps.  Using
	   a search path, sites can allow for local map customizations and
	   overrides, and can distributed maps in several locations as needed.


	   Allows you to override the value of the arch amd variable.

     auto_dir (string, default=/a)
	   Same as the -a option to amd.  This sets the private directory
	   where amd will create sub-directories for its real mount points.

     cache_duration (numeric, default=300)
	   Same as the -c option to amd.  Sets the duration in seconds that
	   looked up map entries remain in the cache.

     cluster (string, default no cluster)
	   Same as the -C option to amd.  Specifies the alternate HP-UX cluster
 to use.

     debug_options (string, default no debug options)
	   Same as the -D option to amd.  Specify any debugging options for
	   amd.  Works only if am-utils was configured for debugging using the
	   --enable-debug option.  The "mem" option alone can be turned on via
	   --enable-debug=mem.	Otherwise debugging options are ignored.
	   Options are comma delimited, and can be preceded by the string "no"
	   to negate their meaning.  You can get the list of supported debugging
 options by running amd -v.  Possible values are:

	   all	   all options
	   amq	   register for amq(8)
	   daemon  enter daemon mode
	   fork    fork server
	   full    program trace
	   info    info service specific debugging (hesiod, nis, etc.)
	   mem	   trace memory allocations
	   mtab    use local ./mtab file
	   str	   debug string munging
	   test    full debug but no daemon
	   trace   protocol trace

     dismount_interval (numeric, default=120)
	   Same as the -w option to amd.  Specify, in seconds, the time
	   between attempts to dismount file systems that have exceeded their
	   cached times.

     fully_qualified_hosts (string, default=no)
	   If "yes", Amd will perform RPC authentication using fully-qualified
	   host names.	This is necessary for some systems, and especially
	   when performing cross-domain mounting.  For this function to work,
	   the amd variable ${hostd} is used, requiring that ${domain} not be
	   null.

     hesiod_base (string, default=automount)
	   Specify the base name for hesiod maps.

     karch (string, default to karch of the system)
	   Same as the -k option to amd.  Allows you to override the kernelarchitecture
 of your system.  Useful for example on Sun (Sparc)
	   machines, where you can build one amd binary and run it on multiple
	   machines, yet you want each one to get the correct karch variable
	   set (for example, sun4c, sun4m, sun4u, etc.)  Note that if not
	   specified, amd will use uname(3) to figure out the kernel architecture
 of the machine.

     ldap_base (string, default not set)
	   Specify the base name for LDAP.

     ldap_cache_maxmem (numeric, default=131072)
	   Specify the maximum memory amd should use to cache LDAP entries.

     ldap_cache_seconds (numeric, default=0)
	   Specify the number of seconds to keep entries in the cache.

     ldap_hostports (string, default not set)
	   Specify LDAP-specific values such as country and organization.

     local_domain (string, default no sub-domain)
	   Same as the -d option to amd.  Specify the local domain name.  If
	   this option is not given the domain name is determined from the
	   hostname by removing the first component of the fully-qualified
	   host name.

     log_file (string, default=/dev/stderr)
	   Same as the -l option to amd.  Specify a file name to log amd
	   events to.  If the string /dev/stderr is specified, amd will send
	   its events to the standard error file descriptor.  IF the string
	   syslog is given, amd will record its events with the system logger
	   syslogd(8).	The default syslog facility used is LOG_DAEMON.  If
	   you wish to change it, append its name to the log file name, delimited
 by a single colon.  For example, if logfile is the string
	   "syslog:local7" then amd will log messages via syslog(3) using the
	   LOG_LOCAL7 facility (if it exists on the system).

     log_options (string, default no logging options)
	   Same as the -x option to amd.  Specify any logging options for amd.
	   Options are comma delimited, and can be preceded by the string
	   ``no'' to negate their meaning.  The ``debug'' logging option is
	   only available if am-utils was configured with --enable-debug.  You
	   can get the list of supported debugging options by running amd -v.
	   Possible values are:

	   all	    all messages
	   debug    debug messages
	   error    non-fatal system errors
	   fatal    fatal errors
	   info     information
	   map	    map errors
	   stats    additional statistical information
	   user     non-fatal user errors
	   warn     warnings
	   warning  warnings

     nfs_retransmit_counter (numeric, default=110)
	   Same as the counter part of the -t interval.counter option to amd.
	   Specifies the retransmit counter's value in tenths of seconds.

     nfs_retry_interval (numeric, default=8)
	   Same as the option to amd.  Specify any logging options for amd.
	   Options are comma delimited, and can be preceded by the string "no"
	   to negate their meaning.  The "debug" logging option is only available
 if am-utils was configured with --enable-debug.  You can get
	   the list of supported debugging and logging options by running amd
	   -H.	Possible values are:

	   all	     all messages
	   debug     debug messages
	   error     non-fatal system errors
	   fatal     fatal errors
	   info      information
	   map	     map errors
	   stats     additional statistical information
	   user      non-fatal user errors
	   warn      warnings
	   warning   warnings

	   By default, amd tries version 3 and then version 2.	This option
	   forces the overall NFS protocol used to version 3 or 2.  It overrides
 what is in the amd maps, and is useful when amd is compiled
	   with NFSv3 support that may not be stable.  With this option you
	   can turn off the complete usage of NFSv3 dynamically (without having
 to recompile amd) until such time as NFSv3 support is desired
	   again.

	   Same as the part of the option to amd.  Specifies the number of NFS
	   retransmissions that the kernel will use to communicate with amd.

	   Same as the part of the option to amd.  Specifies the NFS timeout
	   interval, in of seconds, between NFS/RPC retries (for UDP only).
	   This is the value that the kernel will use to communicate with amd.

	   Amd relies on the kernel RPC retransmit mechanism to trigger mount
	   retries.  The values of the and the parameters change the overall
	   retry interval.  Too long an interval gives poor interactive
	   response; too short an interval causes excessive retries.

	   By default, amd tries TCP and then UDP.  This option forces the
	   overall NFS protocol used to TCP or UDP.  It overrides what is in
	   the amd maps, and is useful when amd is compiled with NFSv3 support
	   that may not be stable.  With this option you can turn off the complete
 usage of NFSv3 dynamically (without having to recompile amd)
	   until such time as NFSv3 support is desired again.

	   Same as the option to amd.  Specify an alternative NIS domain from
	   which to fetch the NIS maps.  The default is the system domain
	   name.  This option is ignored if NIS support is not available.

	   Same as the option to amd.  If "yes", then the name refereed to by
	   ${rhost} is normalized relative to the host database before being
	   used.  The effect is to translate aliases into ``official'' names.

	   Same as the option to amd.  Allows you to override the compiled-in
	   name of the operating system.  Useful when the built-in name is not
	   desired for backward compatibility reasons.	For example, if the
	   build in name is ``sunos5'', you can override it to ``sos5'', and
	   use older maps which were written with the latter in mind.

     osver (string, default to compiled in value)
	   Same as the -o option to amd.  Override the compiled-in version
	   number of the operating system.  Useful when the built in version
	   is not desired for backward compatibility reasons.  For example, if
	   the build in version is ``2.5.1'', you can override it to
	   ``5.5.1'', and use older maps that were written with the latter in
	   mind.

     pid_file (string, default=/dev/stdout)
	   Specify a file to store the process ID of the running daemon into.
	   If not specified, amd will print its process id only the standard
	   output.  Useful for killing amd after it had run.  Note that the
	   PID of a running amd can also be retrieved via amq -p.  This file
	   is used only if the print_pid option is on.

     plock (boolean, default=yes)
	   Same as the -S option to amd.  If ``yes'', lock the running executable
 pages of amd into memory.  To improve amd's performance,
	   systems that support the plock(3) call can lock the amd process
	   into memory.  This way there is less chance it that the operating
	   system will schedule, page out, and swap the amd process as needed.
	   This improves amd's performance, at the cost of reserving the memory
 used by the amd process (making it unavailable for other processes).


     portmap_program (numeric, default=300019)
	   Specify an alternate Port-mapper RPC program number, other than the
	   official number.  This is useful when running multiple amd processes.
  For example, you can run another amd in ``test'' mode,
	   without affecting the primary amd process in any way.  For safety
	   reasons, the alternate program numbers that can be specified must
	   be in the range 300019-300029, inclusive.  amq has an option -P
	   which can be used to specify an alternate program number of an amd
	   to contact.	In this way, amq can fully control any number of amd
	   processes running on the same host.

     print_pid (boolean, default=no)
	   Same as the -p option to amd.  If ``yes'', amd will print its
	   process ID upon starting.

     print_version (boolean, default=no)
	   Same as the -v option to amd, but the version prints and amd continues
 to run.  If ``yes'', amd will print its version information
	   string, which includes some configuration and compilation values.

     restart_mounts (boolean, default=no)
	   Same as the -r option to amd.  If ``yes'', amd will scan the mount
	   table to determine which file systems are currently mounted.  Whenever
 one of these would have been auto-mounted, amd inherits it.

     selectors_on_default (boolean, default=no)
	   If ``yes'', then the /default entry of maps will be looked for and
	   process any selectors before setting defaults for all other keys in
	   that map.  Useful when you want to set different options for a complete
 map based on some parameters.	For example, you may want to
	   better the NFS performance over slow slip-based networks as follows:


	   /defaults \
	       wire==slip-net;opts:=intr,rsize=1024,wsize=1024 \
	       wire!=slip-net;opts:=intr,rsize=8192,wsize=8192

     show_statfs_entries (boolean, default=no)
	   If ``yes'', then all maps which are browsable will also show the
	   number of entries (keys) they have when "df" runs.  (This is accomplished
 by returning non-zero values to the statfs(2) system call.)

     unmount_on_exit (boolean, default=no)
	   If ``yes'', then amd will attempt to unmount all file systems which
	   it knows about.  Normally amd leaves all (esp.) NFS mounted file
	   systems intact.  Note that amd does not know about file systems
	   mounted before it starts up, unless the restart_mounts option or -r
	   flag are used.

   Parameters applicable to regular map sections    [Toc]    [Back]
     map_name (string, must be specified)
	   Name of the map where the keys are located.

     tag (string, default no tag)
	   Each map entry in the configuration file can be tagged.  If no tag
	   is specified, that map section will always be processed by amd.  If
	   it is specified, then amd will process the map if the -T option was
	   given to amd, and the value given to that command-line option
	   matches that in the map section.

EXAMPLES    [Toc]    [Back]

     Here is a real amd configuration I use daily.

     # GLOBAL OPTIONS SECTION
     [ global ]
     normalize_hostnames =    no
     print_pid =	      no
     restart_mounts =	      yes
     auto_dir = 	      /n
     log_file = 	      /var/log/amd
     log_options =	      all
     #debug_options =	      all
     plock =		      no
     selectors_on_default =   yes
     # config.guess picks up "sunos5" and I don't want to edit my maps yet
     os =		      sos5
     # if you print_version after setting up "os", it will show it.
     print_version =	      no
     map_type = 	      file
     search_path =	      /etc/amdmaps:/usr/lib/amd:/usr/local/AMD/lib
     browsable_dirs =	      yes

     # DEFINE AN AMD MOUNT POINT
     [ /u ]
     map_name = 	      amd.u

     [ /proj ]
     map_name = 	      amd.proj

     [ /src ]
     map_name = 	      amd.src

     [ /misc ]
     map_name = 	      amd.misc

     [ /import ]
     map_name = 	      amd.import

     [ /tftpboot/.amd ]
     tag =		      tftpboot
     map_name = 	      amd.tftpboot

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

      
      
     amd(8), amq(8)

AUTHORS    [Toc]    [Back]

     Erez Zadok <ezk@cs.columbia.edu>, Department of Computer Science,
     Columbia University, New York, USA.

     Jan-Simon Pendry <jsp@doc.ic.ac.uk>, Department of Computing, Imperial
     College, London, UK.

     Other authors and contributers to am-utils are listed in the AUTHORS file
     distributed with am-utils.

HISTORY    [Toc]    [Back]

     The amd utility first appeared in 4.4BSD.


FreeBSD 5.2.1			 April 7, 1997			 FreeBSD 5.2.1
[ Back ]
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